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Lewis : congero

congero, congĕro, gessi, gestum, 3, v. a., to bear, carry, or bring together, to collect; to prepare, to make, build, heap up, etc. (class. and freq.). Lit. With acc.: undique, quod idoneum ad muniendum putarent, Nep. Them. 6, 5: congestis undique saccis, Hor. S. 1, 1, 70: cetera aedificanti utilia, Quint. 7, prooem. § 1: caedi arbores et saxa congeri jubet, Curt. 8, 2, 24: alimenta undique, id. 7, 11, 1: frondem, id. 8, 10, 17: virgulta arida, Suet. Caes. 84: robora, Ov. M. 12, 515: arma, id. ib. 14, 777: tura, id. ib. 7, 160; cf.: turea dona, Verg. A. 6, 224: epulas alicui, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 70 sq.: cibaria sibi, Hor. S. 1, 1, 32: viaticum, Cic. Planc. 10, 26: divitias sibi fulvo auro, Tib. 1, 1, 1: opes, Plin. 33, 10, 47, § 136: congestoque avidum pinguescere corpore corpus, Ov. M. 15, 89: nemus, i. e. wood, Sen. Herc. Fur. 1216; cf. silvas, id. ib. 506: siccā congestā pulvere barbā, Prop. 4 (5), 9, 31: terram, Col. Arb. 3, 6; cf. Dig. 19, 2, 57: oscula congerimus properata, to join, add one to another, Ov. H. 17 (18), 113.

With acc., and a designation of place to, at, or in which, etc., any thing is brought or heaped up: hasce herbas in suum alvum, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 34; cf. Ov. M. 6, 651: in cellulam patris penum omnem congerebam, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 18: laticem in vas, Lucr. 3, 1009; cf. id. 3, 936: Midae dormienti formicae in os tritici grana congesserunt, Cic. Div. 1, 36, 78; cf.: in os pueri, id. ib. 2, 31, 66: excrementa in unum locum, Plin. 11, 10, 10, § 25; Suet. Vesp. 5; Sen. Oedip. 870: scuta illi (sc. virgini) pro aureis donis congesta, Liv. 1, 11, 8; cf. Suet. Ner. 19: sestertium millies in culinam, to expend, Sen. ad Helv. 10: huc amnes vastos congerit tellus, Val. Fl. 4, 717: Pindo congestus Athos, Sen. Herc. Oet. 1153: uni (digito anulos), Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 25: humum corbulae, Suet. Ner. 19.

In partic. Of weapons, missiles, etc., to throw in great numbers, accumulate, shower, etc.: lanceas, Plin. 9, 6, 5, § 15: saxa in caput alicujus, Sen. Oedip. 871: in ipsum Porum tela, Curt. 8, 14, 38: congestis telis, Tac. A. 2, 11.—Hence, poet.: ictus alicui, Val. Fl. 4, 307: plagas mortuo, Phaedr. 4, 1, 11.

To make, build, construct, etc., by bringing or heaping together: Echinades insulae ab Acheloo amne congestae, Plin. 2, 85, 87, § 201: aram sepulcri arboribus, Verg. A. 6, 178: oppida manu, id. G. 1, 256: pauperis et tuguri congestum caespite culmen, id. E. 1, 69.—So of birds, insects, etc.: lucifugis congesta cubilia blattis, Verg. G. 4, 243: nidum, Ser. Samm. 10, 30; and absol. notavi Ipse locum aëriae quo congessere palumbes (sc. nidum), Verg. E. 3, 69; Gell. 2, 29, 5 (cf. the full expression: in nervom ille hodie nidamenta congeret, Plaut. Rud. 3, 6, 51): apes in alvearium congesserant, Cic. Oecon. Fragm. ap. Charis. p. 82 P.: rape, congere, aufer, Mart. 8, 44, 9.

Trop. In discourse, to bring, take, or comprise together, to compile (freq. in Quint.): operarios omnes, Cic. Brut. 86, 297: dicta, Quint. 6, 3, 5; cf. id. 4, 5, 7: argumenta (opp. dissolvere), id. 5, 13, 15: vana (maledicta), id. 7, 2, 34: undique nomina plurimorum poëtarum, id. 10, 1, 56: orationem dierum ac noctium studio, id. 12, 6, 5; cf.: orationem ex diversis, id. 2, 11, 7: figuras, id. 9, 3, 5: ζωὴ καὶ ψυχή lascivum congeris usque, i. e. you repeat, Mart. 10, 68, 5.—With in: ut te eripias ex eā, quam ego congessi in hunc sermonem, turbā patronorum, Cic. Brut. 97, 332; so Quint. 4, 3, 3; 9, 1, 25; 9, 3, 39; 10, 5, 23.

To put something upon one in a hostile or friendly manner, to accumulate, heap upon, to impart, ascribe to, to impute, attribute to; constr. class. with ad or in; post-Aug. also with dat. pers.: ad quem di atque homines omnia ornamenta congessissent, Cic. Deiot. 4, 12: ne plus aequo quid in amicitiam congeratur, id. Lael. 16, 58: ingentia beneficia in aliquem, Liv. 42, 11, 2; 30, 1, 4: congerere juveni consulatus, triumphos, Tac. A. 1, 4 fin.; cf.: ambitiosae majestati quicquid potuimus titulorum congessimus, Sen. Clem. 1, 14, 2; Suet. Calig. 15; id. Aug. 98: mortuo laudes congessit, id. Tit. 11: mala alicui, Sen. Contr. 1, 7, 2: μέλι μου, ψυχή μου congeris usque, Mart. 10, 68, 5: spes omnis in unum Te mea congesta est, Ov. M. 8, 113: in unum omnia, Cic. Tusc. 5, 40, 117; cf.: iis nihil, quo expleri possit eorum meritum, tributurum populum Romanum, si omnia simul congesserit, Brut. ap. Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 16, 7.—Esp., of crimes, etc.: maledicta in aliquem, Cic. Phil. 3, 6, 15; cf.: congestis probris, Suet. Tib. 54: quae (crimina) postea sunt in eum congesta, Cic. Mil. 24, 64: causas alicujus rei in aliquem, Liv. 3, 38, 7.

Hence, *congestus, a, um, P. a., lit. brought together; hence, in pregn. signif., pressed together, thick: gobio congestior alvo, Aus. Mos. 132.—* Adv.: congestē, briefly, summarily: haec breviter et congeste, Capitol. Marc. Aur. 19 fin.