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Lewis : aduro

aduro, ădūro, ussi, ustum, 3, v. a., to set fire to, to kindle, to set in a flame, to burn, singe, scorch (cf. accendo), etc. Lit., of food: hoc adustum est, * Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 71; so Hor. S. 2, 8, 68; 90: splendor quicunque est acer, adurit Saepe oculos, * Lucr. 4, 330: Dionysius candente carbone sibi adurebat capillum, Cic. Off. 2, 7, 23; cf. id. Tusc. 5, 20, 58.—So of the Indian sages: sine gemitu aduruntur, suffer themselves to be burned, Cic. Tusc. 5, 27, 77: ignes caelestes adussisse complurium vestimenta dicebantur, Liv. 39, 22.—So in Cels., of the burning or cauterizing of a diseased limb: os eodem ferramento adurendum, 8, 2; cf. id. 5, 26, 21; 33: flammis aduri Colchicis, Hor. Epod. 5, 24: in desertis adustisque sole, Plin. 19, 1, 4, § 19.

Transf., to hurt, damage, consume; of locusts: multa contactu adurentes, Plin. 11, 29, 35, § 104.

So of wind, to blast, from its effects: (arbores) aduri fervore aut flatu frigidiore, Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 216.—And also of cold and frost, to nip, to freeze: ne frigus adurat, Verg. G. 1, 92: nec vernum nascentia frigus adurat poma, Ov. M. 14, 763: adusta gelu, id. F. 4, 918: rigor nivis multorum adussit pedes, Curt. 7, 3: (leonis adipes) sanant adusta nivibus, Plin. 28, 8, 25, § 89.

Fig., poet. of the fire (flame) of love, to burn, inflame: Venus non erubescendis adurit Ignibus, Hor. C. 1, 27, 14; cf.: ardores vincet adusta meos, Ov. H. 12, 180.

Hence, ădustus, a, um, P. a. Burned by the sun; hence, scorched, made brown, and, in gen., brown, swarthy: si qui forte adustioris coloris ex recenti via essent, Liv. 27, 47: adustus corpora Maurus, Sil. 8, 269: lapis adusto colore, Plin. 2, 58, 59, § 149.

Subst.: ădusta, ōrum, n., burns upon the flesh, Cels. 5, 27.