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Lewis : consterno

consterno,² consterno, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. strengthened collat. form of 1. consterno, acc. to II.. To stretch upon the ground, to overcome: pecorum in modum consternatos (Gallos) caedunt fugantque, Liv. 38, 17, 7.—Far more freq., esp. after the Aug. per. (not in Cic., Hor., or Quint.), To bring into confusion, to perplex; to terrify, alarm, affright, dismay, overwhelm with terror, etc. In gen.: sic sunt animo consternati ut, etc., Caes. B. G. 7, 30 fin.; without animo, Hirt. B. G. 8, 19; Liv. 6, 2, 11; 8, 9, 12; 21, 11, 13; Suet. Aug. 23, 90 al.: vana Laetitia est, consternatique Timores, Ov. M. 12, 60: in fugam, to put to flight by disquieting or alarming, Liv. 10, 43, 13; 38, 46, 5; cf.: foedā fugā, Tac. H. 3, 79 fin.: Coriolanus prope ut amens consternatus ab sede suo, Liv. 2, 40, 5.

Transf., of animals, to make afraid, to frighten, startle; and pass.: consternari, to be frightened, to become shy: consternantur equi, Sall. H. 1, 96 Dietsch; Ov. M. 2, 314; id. F. 5, 310: equos, Liv. 37, 41, 10: equo ex odore cadaveris consternato, Suet. Ner. 48: taurus securis ictu consternatus, id. Galb. 18.

In partic., to excite to sedition or revolt: eam multitudinem conjuratorum ad arma consternatam esse, Liv. 7, 42, 3 Weissenb. ad loc.: ad arma, id. 21, 24, 2; 34, 3, 6 al.