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Lewis : dedo

dedo, dēdo, dĭdi, dĭtum (infin. pass. parag.: dedier, Liv. 1, 32), 3, v. a., lit., to give away, give up from one's self; hence, with respect to the term. ad quem, to give up any thing to one, to surrender, deliver, consign, yield (stronger than do, q. v.—freq. and class.). Lit. In gen.: ancillas, Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 7; cf.: aliquem in pistrinum, id. Andr. 1, 2, 28: aliquem hostibus in cruciatum, Caes. B. G. 7, 71, 3; so, ad supplicium, Liv. 1, 5: ad exitium, Tac. A. 1, 32; id. H. 2, 10: ad necem, Liv. 9, 4; for which neci, Verg. G. 4, 90; Ov. F. 4, 840: telis militum, Cic. Mil. 1, 2: aliquem istis, id. Verr. 2, 4, 42: mihi iratae infamem juvencum, Hor. Od. 3, 27, 46: Assyrios cineri odores, impart, devote, Tib. 1, 3, 7.

Esp., milit. t. t., to deliver up, surrender some one or something to the enemy; and with se, to surrender one's self, capitulate: INIVSTE IMPIEQVE ILLOS HOMINES ILLASQVE RES DEDIER, an old formula in Liv. 1, 32: urbem, agrum, aras, focos seque uti dederent, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 71: eos, qui sibi Galliaeque bellum intulisset, sibi dedere, Caes. B. G. 4, 16, 3: so, auctores belli, Liv. 9, 1: eum hostibus, Suet. Caes. 24: Cirtam, Sall. J. 35, 1: Ambiani se suaque omnia sine mora dediderunt, Caes. B. G. 2, 15, 2: se suaque omnia Caesari, id. ib. 3, 16, 4; id. B. C. 3, 11 fin.: se alicui, id. B. G. 2, 15 fin.; 2, 28, 2; id. B. C. 2, 44, 1; 3, 28, 4 et saep.: se in ditionem atque in arbitratum Thebano poplo, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 102; Liv. 7, 31; 26, 33: incolumitatem deditis pollicebatur, Caes. B. C. 3, 28, 2; Tac. Agr. 16 al.: se, without dat., Caes. B. C. 2, 22; Liv. 42, 8 et saep. Trop. In gen., to give up, yield, devote, dedicate; and with se, to give up, apply, devote, dedicate one's self (esp. freq. in Cic.): Davo ego istuc dedam jam negoti, Ter. Andr. 5, 4, 50: membra molli somno, Lucr. 3, 113: aures suas poetis, Cic. Arch. 10 fin.: animum sacris, Liv. 1, 31 al.: aliquem cupiditati crudelitatique alicujus, Cic. Quint. 18 fin.; so, filiam (Verginiam) libidini App. Claudii, id. Fin. 2, 20 fin.; ef. Tac. A. 3, 23: collegam liberto, id. ib. 16, 10: tuus sum, tibi dedo operam, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 60; cf.: ubi ei dediderit operas, id. ib. 11 al.: corpora paupertate dedita morti, Lucr. 6, 1255: se totum Catoni, Cic. Rep. 2, 1; cf.: cui (sc. patriae) nos totos dedere ... debemus, id. Leg. 2, 2, 5; cf.: se toto animo huic discendi delectationi, id. Tusc. 5, 39 fin.: se penitus musicis, id. de Or. 1, 3, 10: se literis, id. Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4: se ei studio, id. de Or. 3, 15, 57: se doctrinae, id. Off. 1, 21, 71; Quint. 10, 2, 23; 11, 1, 35: se amicitiae eorum, Caes. B. G. 3, 22, 2 al.: ne me totum aegritudini dedam, Cic. Att. 9, 4; so, se totos libidinibus, id. Tusc. 1, 30; id. Or. 43, 148; id. Tusc. 2, 21, 48 et saep.: cum se ad audiendum, legendum scribendumque dediderit, Cic. de Or. 1, 21, 95: dede neci, Verg. G. 4, 90; Ov. H. 14, 125; id. F. 4, 840: se ad literas memoriasque veteres, Gell. 2, 21, 6: cum se doctrinae penitus dedidissent, Lact. 1, 1, 1.—Absol.: dediderim periculis omnibus, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 45.

dēdĭta ŏpĕra, adverb., purposely, designedly, intentionally, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 29; Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 2; Afran. ap. Non. 433, 30; Cic. Att. 10, 3; Liv. 2, 29; 2, 51; Col. 12, 4, 5; in the order opera dedita, Cic. de Or. 3, 50, 193; and in MSS. ellipt., dedita, id. Att. 15, 4, 4; cf. dedita, ἐπιτηδές, Gloss.

In Partic.: manus, for the usual dare manus, to give up, to yield: si tibi vera videntur, dede manus; aut, si falsum est, accingere contra, Lucr. 2, 1043.—Hence, dēdĭtus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. II. A.), given up to, addicted, devoted to something; eager, assiduous, diligent (class.; esp. freq. in Cic.). With dat.: hoc magis sum Publio deditus, quod, etc., Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 4; cf.: nimis equestri ordini deditus, id. Brut. 62, 223: eorum voluntati et gratiae deditus fuit, id. Verr. 2, 3, 24: his studiis, id. de Or. 1, 13, 57; id. Arch. 6, 12: studio literarum, id. Brut. 21, 79: literis, id. Fam. 1, 7 fin.: artibus, id. de Or. 1, 1, 2; cf. id. Cael. 30, 72; Liv. 1, 57: nec studio citharae nec Musae deditus ulli, Hor. S. 2, 3, 105 al.: animus libidini deditus, Cic. Cael. 19, 45: vitiis flagitiisque omnibus, id. Rosc. Am. 13 fin.: ventri atque somno, Sall. C. 2, 8; cf.: somno ciboque, Tac. G. 15: corporis gaudiis, Sall. J. 2, 4; cf. id. ib. 85, 41: quaestui atque sumptui, id. Cat. 13 fin.; Suet. Vit. 13: agriculturae, Vulg. 2 Par. 26, 10: vino, id. 2 Tim. 3, 8.—Comp.: uxoribus deditior, Eutr. 10, 15.—Sup.: ab optimo certe animo ac deditissimo tibi, Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9, 1.

In Lucret. and Catull. with in: in pugnae studio quod dedita mens est, Lucr. 3, 647: in rebus animus, id. 4, 816; Catull. 61, 102.—* With an adv. of place: ubi spectaculi tempus venit deditaeque eo (sc. ad spectacula) mentes cum oculis erant, Liv. 1, 9, 10.