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Lewis : delinquo

delinquo, dēlinquo, līqui, lictum, 3 (perf. delinquerunt, Liv. 1, 32 codd.), v. n. and a., to fail, be wanting. Lit., to fail, be lacking, for the usual deficere (cf. 1. deliquium, = defectus—very rare): delinquere frumentum, Cael. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 4, 390: delinquat aut superet aliquid tibi, Tubero ib.

Trop. (class.), to fail, be wanting in one's duty; to commit a fault, to do wrong, transgress, offend; and, delinquere aliquid, to commit, do something wrong. Absol.: QVOD POPVLVS HERMVNDVLVS HOMINESQVE POPVLI HERMVNDVLI ADVERSVS POPVLVM ROMANVM BELLVM FECERE DELIQVERVNTQVE, etc., an old formula used in declaring war, Gell. 16, 4; cf. id. ap. Liv. 1, 32: an quia non delinquunt viri? Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 41: ut condemnaretur filius aut nepos, si pater aut avus deliquisset? Cic. N. D. 3, 38: mercede delinquere (opp. gratis recte facere), Sall. Hist. Fragm. 3, 61, 5 Dietsch: in vita, Cic. Tusc. 2, 4 fin.; cf.: in bello miles, id. Clu. 46; and: hac quoque in re, id. Inv. 2, 10, 33: in ancilla, Ov. M. 2, 8, 9: deliquere homines adulescentuli per ambitionem, Sall. C. 52, 26: paulum deliquit amicus, Hor. S. 1, 3, 84: multo jam ut praestet laxitate delinquere, Plin. 17, 12, 19, § 94.—Of errors in language, Quint. 1, 5, 49.

With acc. respect.: dum caveatur praeter aequum ne quid delinquat, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 14; so, quid, id. Men. 5, 2, 30; id. Ps. 4, 7, 129; Cic. Agr. 2, 36 fin.; Sall. C. 51, 12: quae, id. J. 28, 4: quid erga aliquem, Plaut. Ep. 3, 3, 9: quid ego tibi deliqui? id. Am. 2, 2, 185.—With object. acc.: flagitia, Tac. A. 12, 54 fin.; cf.: multo majora deliquit, Vulg. 2 Par. 33, 23.—Pass.: adulterium quod pubertate delinquitur, Dig. 48, 5, 38; cf. delictum.—Pass. impers.: ut nihil a me adhuc delictum putem, Cic. Att. 9, 10 fin.; Gell. 5, 4, 2.