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Lewis : do

do, do, dĕdi, dătum, dăre (also in a longer form, dănunt = dant, Pac., Naev., and Caecil. ap. Non. 97, 14 sq.; Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 48; id. Ps. 3, 1, 1 et saep.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 68, 12 Müll.—Subj.: duim = dem, Plaut. Aul. 4, 6, 6; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 38: duis, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 81; id. Men. 2, 1, 42: duas = des, id. Merc. 2, 3, 67; id. Rud. 5, 3, 12; an old formula in Liv. 10, 19: duit, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 54; id. Aul. 1, 1, 23; an old formula in Liv. 22, 10 init.: duint, Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 126; id. Ps. 4, 1, 25; id. Trin. 2, 4, 35; Ter. And. 4, 1, 43; id. Phorm. 3, 2, 34 al.—Imper.: DVITOR, XII. Tab. ap. Plin. 21, 3, 5 ex conject.—Inf.: DASI = dari, acc. to Paul. ex Fest. p. 68, 13 Müll.: dane = dasne, Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 22.—The pres. pass., first pers., dor, does not occur), v. a. Sanscr. dā, da-dā-mi, give; Gr. δί-δω-μι, δωτήρ, δόσις ; cf.: dos, donum, damnum, to give; and hence, with the greatest variety of application, passing over into the senses of its compounds, derivatives, and synonyms (edere, tradere, dedere; reddere, donare, largiri, concedere, exhibere, porrigere, praestare, impertire, suppeditare, ministrare, subministrare, praebere, tribuere, offerre, etc.), as, to give away, grant, concede, allow, permit; give up, yield, resign; bestow, present, confer, furnish, afford; offer, etc. (very freq.). In gen.: eam carnem victoribus danunt, Naev. ap. Non. l. l.: ea dona, quae illic Amphitruoni sunt data, Plaut. Am. prol. 138; cf.: patera, quae dono mi illic data'st, id. ib. 1, 3, 36: dandis recipiendisque meritis, Cic. Lael. 8; cf.: ut par sit ratio acceptorum et datorum, id. ib. 16, 58: ut obsides accipere non dare consuerint, Caes. B. G. 1, 4 fin.: obsides, id. ib. 1, 19, 1; 1, 31, 7 et saep.: patriam (sc. mundum) dii nobis communem secum dederunt, Cic. Rep. 1, 13: hominibus animus datus est ex illis sempiternis ignibus, id. ib. 6, 15; cf. ib. 6, 17: ea dant magistratus magis, quae etiamsi nolint, danda sint, id. ib. 1, 31; cf. imperia, id. ib. 1, 44: centuria, ad summum usum urbis fabris tignariis data, id. ib. 2, 22: Lycurgus agros locupletium plebi, ut servitio, colendos dedit, id. ib. 3, 9 fin.: ei filiam suam in matrimonium dat, Caes. B. G. 1, 3, 5: litteras ad te numquam habui cui darem, quin dederim, Cic. Fam. 12, 19: litteras (ad aliquem), to write to one, saep.; cf. id. Att. 5, 11; and in the same signif.: aliquid ad aliquem, id. ib. 10, 8 fin.: litteras alicui, said of the writer, to give one a letter to deliver, id. ib. 5, 15 fin.; of the bearer, rarely, to deliver a letter to one, id. ib. 5, 4 init.: colloquium dare, to join in a conference, converse (poet.), Lucr. 4, 598 (Lachm.; al. videmus): colloquiumque sua fretus ab urbe dedit, parley, challenge, Prop. 5, 10, 32: dare poenas, to give satisfaction, to suffer punishment, Sall. C. 18: alicui poenas dare, to make atonement to any one; to suffer for any thing, Ov. M. 6, 544; Sall. C. 51, 31; v. poena: decus sibi datum esse justitia regis existimabant, Cic. Rep. 1, 41: quoniam me quodammodo invitas et tui spem das, id. ib. 1, 10: dabant hae feriae tibi opportunam sane facultatem ad explicandas tuas litteras, id. ib. 1, 9; cf.: ansas alicui ad reprehendendum, id. Lael. 16, 59: multas causas suspicionum offensionumque, id. ib. 24: facultatem per provinciam itineris faciundi, Caes. B. G. 1, 7, 5; for which: iter alicui per provinciam, id. ib. 1, 8, 3; Liv. 8, 5; 21, 20 al.: modicam libertatem populo, Cic. Rep. 2, 31: consilium, id. Lael. 13: praecepta, id. ib. 4 fin.: tempus alicui, ut, etc., id. Rep. 1, 3: inter se fidem et jusjurandum, Caes. B. G. 1, 3 fin.: operam, to bestow labor and pains on any thing, Cic. de Or. 1, 55: operam virtuti, id. Lael. 22, 84; also: operam, ne, id. ib. 21, 78: veniam amicitiae, id. ib. 17: vela (ventis), to set sail, id. de Or. 2, 44, 187: dextra vela dare, to steer towards the right, Ov. 3, 640: me librum L. Cossinio ad te perferendum dedisse, Cic. Att. 2, 1: sin homo amens diripiendam urbem daturus est, id. Fam. 14, 14 et saep.: ita dat se res, so it is circumstanced, so it is, Poëta ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 26; cf.: prout tempus ac res se daret, Liv. 28, 5 et saep.

Impers.: sic datur, so it goes, such is fate, i. e. you have your reward, Plaut. Truc. 4, 8, 4; id. Ps. 1, 2, 22; id. Men. 4, 2, 40; 64; id. Stich. 5, 6, 5.—Part. perf. sometimes (mostly in poets) subst.: dăta, ōrum, n., gifts, presents, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 72; Prop. 3, 15, 6 (4, 14, 6 M.); Ov. M. 6, 363 (but not in Cic. Clu. 24, 66, where dona data belong together, as in the archaic formula in Liv. 22, 10 init.: DATVM DONVM DVIT, P. R. Q.).

Prov.: dantur opes nulli nunc nisi divitibus, Mart. 5, 81, 2; cf.: dat census honores, Ov. F. 1, 217.

Poet. with inf.: da mihi frui perpetuā virginitate, allow me, Ov. M. 1, 486; id. ib. 8, 350: di tibi dent captā classem reducere Trojā, Hor. S. 2, 3, 191; so id. ib. 1, 4, 39; id. Ep. 1, 16, 61; id. A. P. 323 et saep.

With ne: da, femina ne sim, Ov. M. 12, 202. In partic. In milit. lang. Nomina, to enroll one's self for military service, to enlist, Cic. Phil. 7, 4, 13; Liv. 2, 24; 5, 10; cf. transf. beyond the military sphere, Plaut. Ps. 4, 6, 38.

Manus (lit., as a prisoner of war, to stretch forth the hands to be fettered; cf. Cic. Lael. 26, 99; hence), to yield, surrender, Nep. Ham. 1, 4; and more freq. transf. beyond the milit. sphere, to yield, acquiesce, Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 72; Cic. Lael. 26, 99; id. Att. 2, 22, 2; Caes. B. G. 5, 31, 3; Ov. H. 4, 14; id. F. 3, 688; Verg. A. 11, 568; Hor. Epod. 17, 1 al.

Terga, for the usual vertere terga; v. tergum.

To grant, consent, permit. Esp. in jurid. lang.: DO, DICO, ADDICO, the words employed by the praetor in the execution of his office; viz. DO in the granting of judges, actions, exceptions, etc.; DICO in pronouncing sentence of judgment; ADDICO in adjudging the property in dispute to one or the other party; cf. Varr. L. L. 6, § 30 Müll.; hence called tria verba, Ov. F. 1, 47.

Datur, it is permitted, allowed, granted; with subj. clause: quaesitis diu terris, ubi sistere detur, Ov. M. 1, 307: interim tamen recedere sensim datur, Quint. 11, 3, 127: ex quo intellegi datur, etc., Lact. 5, 20, 11.

In philos. lang., to grant a proposition: in geometria prima si dederis, danda sunt omnia: dato hoc, dandum erit illud (followed by concede, etc.), Cic. Fin. 5, 28, 83; id. Tusc. 1, 11, 25; id. Inv. 1, 31 fin.— Designating the limit, to put, place, carry somewhere; and with se, to betake one's self somewhere: tum genu ad terram dabo, to throw, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 17; cf.: aliquem ad terram, Liv. 31, 37; Flor. 4, 2 fin.: me haec deambulatio ad languorem dedit! has fatigued me, Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 3: hanc mihi in manum dat, id. And. 1, 5, 62: praecipitem me in pistrinum dabit, id. ib. 1, 3, 9: hostes in fugam, Caes. B. G. 5, 51 fin.: hostem in conspectum, to bring to view, Liv. 3, 69 fin.: aliquem in vincula, to cast into prison, Flor. 3, 10, 18; cf.: arma in profluentes, id. 4, 12, 9: aliquem usque Sicanium fretum, Val. Fl. 2, 28: aliquem leto, to put to death, to kill, Phaedr. 1, 22, 9: se in viam, to set out on a journey, Cic. Fam. 14, 12: sese in fugam, id. Verr. 2, 4, 43 fin.; cf.: se fugae, id. Att. 7, 23, 2: Socrates, quam se cumque in partem dedisset, omnium fuit facile princeps, id. de Or. 3, 16, 60 et saep.

Designating the effect, to cause, make, bring about, inflict, impose: qui dederit damnum aut malum, Ter. And. 1, 1, 116: nec consulto alteri damnum dari sine dolo malo potest, Cic. Tull. 14, 34; 16, 39; cf.: malum dare, id. N. D. 1, 44, 122: hoc quī occultari facilius credas dabo, Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 29: inania duro vulnera dat ferro, Ov. M. 3, 84: morsus, Prop. 5, 5, 39; cf.: motus dare, to impart motion, Lucr. 1, 819 al. (but motus dare, to make motion, to move, be moved, id. 2, 311): stragem, id. 1, 288: equitum ruinas, to overthrow, id. 5, 1329.—With part. fut. pass.: pectora tristitiae dissolvenda dedit, caused to be delivered from sadness, Tib. 1, 7, 40.

Prov.: dant animos vina, Ov. M. 12, 242.

Aliquid alicui, to do any thing for the sake of another; to please or humor another; to give up, sacrifice any thing to another (for the more usual condonare): da hoc illi mortuae, da ceteris amicis ac familiaribus, da patriae, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5 fin.: aliquid auribus alicujus, Trebon.