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Lewis : edo

edo, ĕdo, ēdi, ēsum, 3 (sup.: esum, Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 13; id. Men. 3, 1, 11; id. Stich. 1, 3, 28: esu, id. Ps. 3, 2, 35.—The contr. forms es, est, estis, etc., are very freq. in prose and poetry: est, Verg. A. 4, 66; 5, 683; Hor. S. 2, 2, 57: esset, id. ib. 2, 6, 89; Verg. G. 1, 151: esse, Quint. 11, 3, 136; Juv. 15, 102: esto, Cato R. R. 156, 1.—Hence, also in the pass.: estur, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 78; id. Poen. 4, 2, 13; Cels. 27, 3; Ov. Pont. 1, 1, 69; and: essetur, Varr. L. L. 5, § 106 Müll.—Archaic forms of the subj. praes.: edim, Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 16; id. Trin. 2, 4, 73; 74; Caecil. and Pompon. ap. Non. 507, 7: edis, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 45; id. Trin. 2, 4, 72: edit, Cato R. R. 1, 56, 6; 1, 57, 9 sq.; Plaut. Capt. 3, 1, 1; 3; id. Aul. 4, 6, 6; id. Poen. prol. 9; Hor. Epod. 3, 3; id. S. 2, 8, 90: edimus, Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 34: editis, Nov. ap. Non. l. l.: edint, Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 22), v. a. Sanscr. ad-mi, eat; Gr. ἔδ-ω, ἐσθίω ; Lat. edax, esca, esurio, etc.; cf. also Gr. ὀδούς, ὀδοντ - Aeol. plur. ἐδοντες, dens, to eat (for syn. cf.: comedo, vescor, pascor, devoro, haurio, mando, ceno, epulor). Lit.: ille ipse astat, quando edit, Naev. ap. Prisc. p. 893; cf. so uncontr., Cic. Att. 13, 52: miserrimus est, qui cum esse cupit, quod edit non habet, Plaut. Capt. 3, 1, 3: ut de symbolis essemus, Ter. Eun. 3, 4, 2: mergi eos (sc. pullos) in aquam jussit, ut biberent, quoniam esse nollent, Cic. N. D. 2, 3, 7 et saep.

Prov. Multos modios salis simul edisse, to have eaten bushels of salt with another, i. e. to be old friends, Cic. Lael. 19.

De patella, i. e. to show contempt for religion (v. patella), Cic. Fin. 2, 7 fin.— Pugnos, to taste one's fists, i. e. to get a good drubbing, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 153.

Transf. Bona, to squander, dissipate, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 29.

Of inanimate subjects, qs. to eat up, i. e. to consume, destroy (poet.): ut mala culmos Esset robigo, Verg. G. 1, 151: carinas lentus vapor (i. e. flamma), id. A. 5, 683: corpora virus, Ov. Ib. 608 al.

Trop., to corrode, consume, devour (almost exclusively poet.): si quid est animum, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 39; cf.: nimium libenter edi sermonem tuum, have devoured, Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 1: nec te tantus edat tacitam dolor, Verg. A. 12, 801: nec edunt oblivia laudem, Sil. 13, 665 et saep.