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Lewis : emendo

emendo, ēmendo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. mendum, to free from faults, to correct, improve, amend (cf. corrigo—class.; not in Caes.): tota civitas emendari et corrigi solet continentia principum, Cic. Leg. 3, 13, 30; cf. Quint. 2, 2, 7; 2, 4, 14; 9, 3, 89: leviter tuum consilium (with conformare), Cic. Mur. 29: consuetudinem vitiosam, id. Brut. 75: vitia adolescentiae multis virtutibus, Nep. Them. 1: facta priora novis, Ov. F. 4, 596: res Italas legibus, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 3: legem severius, Suet. Aug. 34: sucos acerbos in pomis, Ov. Med. Fac. 5; cf. terram terrā, Plin. 17, 5, 3, § 41: bovem cubitorem fame et siti, Col. 6, 2, 11: angorem animi (sui), Amm. 14, 10, 2.—Esp. freq. of correcting, emending language (oral or written), Cic. Att. 2, 16 fin.; id. Or. 46; Quint. 2, 2, 7; 8, 2, 4 et saep.—In medic. lang., like corrigere, for to cure: alopecias, Plin. 20, 13, 50, § 129: tussim, id. 20, 16, 62, § 170: albugines oculorum, id. 32, 7, 24, § 70: cicatrices, id. 36, 21, 42, § 156 et saep.

In post-class. lang. in partic., to correct by punishment, to chastise: libertum non obsequentem aut verbis aut fustium castigatione, Dig. 1, 16, 9, § 3; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 51; Lact. Mort. Pers. 22 al.

Hence, ēmendātus, a, um, P. a., faultless, perfect, pure: mores, Cic. Lael. 17, 61; cf. vir, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 30; Plin. Ep. 3, 3, 5: e. et Latina locutio, Cic. Brut. 74; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 1; 33; 2, 4, 15 al.: opus, Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 92: aquae, id. 36, 15, 24, § 121.—Comp.: mulier, Petr. 126, 13: vita, Dig. 4, 3, 11.

Sup.: homo (with optimus), Plin. Ep. 8, 22, 2: libri, Quint. Ep. ad Tryph. § 3; cf.: correcta et emendata maxime, Cic. Ac. 1, 4, 13.—Adv.: ēmendāte, faultlessly, perfectly, purely: loqui, scribere, etc., Cic. Opt. Gen. 2; Quint. 8, 1, 2; 8, 3, 1; Hirt. B. G. 8 prooem. § 6; Vitr. 10, 11.—Comp.: facere capillum, Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 58; Quint. 1, 6, 19 Zumpt.