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Lewis : emineo

emineo, ēmĭnĕo, ŭi, 2, v. n., to stand out, project (freq. and class.). Lit. In gen. (syn.: exstare, excedere): cum ex terra nihil emineret, quod contemplationi caeli officere posset, Cic. Div. 1, 42: globus terrae e mari, id. Tusc. 1, 28: stipites ex terra, Caes. B. G. 7, 73, 6; cf.: stipites ab ramis, id. ib. § 3: belua ponto, Ov. M. 4, 690: rupes aequore, Luc. 2, 667: moles aquā, Curt. 4, 2, 21: oculi extra terram, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 154: balaena dorso multum super aquas, id. 9, 6, 5, § 14: super corpus quasi verrucula, Cels. 5, 28, 14: ferrum per costas, Liv. 8, 7 et saep.—Absol., Caes. B. C. 1, 41, 4; 2, 9, 1; Sall. J. 94, 2; Lucr. 1, 780 et saep.; cf. alte, Ov. M. 15, 697: hasta in partes ambas, id. ib. 5, 139: jugum in mare, Caes. B. C. 2, 24, 3; cf.: lingua in altum (i. e. mare), Liv. 44, 11.

In partic., in painting, to stand out in relief, be prominent, as the lights in a picture, Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 101; Quint. 2, 17, 21; 8, 5, 26; Plin. 35, 11, 40, § 131 al.; cf. eminentia, I.

Trop., to be prominent, stand out, become conspicuous (syn.: eluceo, praecello, excello, appareo, praesto, antecedo). In gen.: animus, cum erit inclusus in corpore, eminebit foras, will extend beyond, Cic. Rep. 6, 26 Mos.: ii quorum eminet audacia atque projecta est, id. Clu. 65, 183: quod quo studiosius ab ipsis opprimitur et absconditur, eo magis eminet et apparet, comes out, becomes visible, id. Rosc. Am. 41 fin.; cf. id. Verr. 2, 5, 62 Zumpt N. cr.; id. Tusc. 2, 26 fin.; Quint. 2, 12, 7; 11, 1, 56; 11, 3, 73 Spald.; Liv. 2, 5 fin.; 2, 10 al.; Curt. 4, 1, 24; 8, 1, 50; Ov. F. 3, 250: vix ex gratulando miser jam eminebam, was but now emerging from the flood of congratulations, Plaut. Capt. 3, 2, 5: vox eminet una, makes itself distinctly audible, Ov. M. 15, 607.

In partic., to be prominent, conspicuous through one's (good) qualities, to distinguish one's self, be eminent: Demosthenes unus eminet inter omnes in omni genere dicendi, Cic. Or. 29 fin.; so with inter, Quint. 8, 5, 9; 12, 5, 5; cf. with super, Flor. 4, 2, 10: in aliqua re, Quint. 1, 12, 15; 2, 3, 6; 8, 3, 64 al.: aliqua re, Vell. 2, 127, 2; 2, 130, 1; Quint. 2, 8, 4; 3, 8, 65.—Absol.: excellit atque eminet vis, potestas, etc., Cic. Rep. 2, 28; so with excellit, Tac. Or. 32: quae (sententiarum ornamenta) emineant pauciora, Cic. Or. 24, 81; so Liv. 5, 36; Vell. 2, 49 al.: altius, Nep. Chabr. 3, 3.—Hence, ēmĭnens, entis, P. a., standing out, projecting, prominent, high, lofty. Lit. (syn. editus): promontoria, Caes. B. C. 2, 23, 2: trabes, id. ib. 2, 9, 5: saxa, Sall. J. 93, 4: oculi, Cic. Vatin. 2: genae leviter, id. N. D. 2, 57, 143: statura, Suet. Calig. 50: capita papaverum, Front. Strat. 1, 1, 4; Flor. 1, 7, 7: aedes, standing on high ground (opp. plana), id. 1, 9, 4: nihil (in globo), Cic. N. D. 2, 18; cf. ib. 1, 27; cf. also the art. eminentia: patibulo eminens affigebatur, Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Non. 366, 14 (4, 40 Dietsch).—Comp.: trabes, Caes. B. C. 2, 9, 3: nasus a summo, Suet. Aug. 79; of perspective in painting: alia eminentiora, alia reductiora fecerunt, Quint. 11, 3, 46.—Sup.: aliquod in montibus (i. e. vertex), Quint. 8, 2, 7; cf. mons, Flor. 4, 12, 49.

Trop., lofty, distinguished, eminent (esp. freq. in the postAug. per., and mostly in the sup.; syn.: praeclarus, praestans, excellens, etc.): species deorum quae nihil solidi habeat, nihil eminentis, Cic. N. D. 1, 27, 75: ingenium, Quint. 6 prooem. § 1: res dictu, Vell. 2, 114, 1.—Prov.: eminentis fortunae comes invidia, Vell. Pat. 1, 9, 6.—Plur. as subst.: ēmĭnentes, ĭum, m., distinguished men, Tac. Agr. 5.—ēmĭnentĭa, ĭum, n. Admirable passages in an oration, Quint. 10, 1, 86.

Greatness, distinction: nun. quam eminentia invidia carent, Vell. 2, 40, 6.—Comp.: eloquentia, Tac. Or. 25.—Sup.: auctores, Quint. 1, 2, 2; 1, 10, 10; 2, 3, 1; 9, 4, 79 et saep.; cf. Ruhnk. Vell. 2, 83 fin.— In the later empire, Eminentissimus was a title of the Praefectus praetorio, and of the Magister militum, Cod. Just. 12, 47, 1; 9, 41, 11 et saep.—Adv.: ēmĭnenter, highly, eminently, August. in Psa. 95, 1.

Comp.: projectae cautes eminentius, Amm. 24, 2, 12: non eminentius quam municipaliter natus, i. e. of higher, nobler birth, Sid. Ep. 1, 11.