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Lewis : excido

excido, excīdo, īdi, īsum, 3, v. a. caedo, to cut out or off, to hew out, to cut or hew down (class.). Lit.: lapides e terra, Cic. Off. 2, 3 fin.: omnes arbores longe lateque, Caes. B. C. 2, 15, 1; cf.: excisa enim est arbor, non evulsa, Cic. Att. 15, 4, 2: exciditur ilex (with percellunt magnas quercus), Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. 194 ed. Vahl.): arborem e stirpe, Dig. 43, 27, 1: ericium, Caes. B. C. 3, 67 fin.: radicem, Plin. 17, 11, 16, § 82: columnas rupibus, Verg. A. 1, 428; cf.: rubos arvis, Quint. 9, 4, 5: linguam alicui, Crassus ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 1 fin.: partum mulieri, Dig. 11, 8, 2: os, Cels. 8, 3: virilitatem, i. e. to castrate, geld, Quint. 5, 12, 17; for which also, se, Ov. F. 4, 361; cf. Dig. 48, 8, 4 fin.: vias per montes, Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 125: latus rupis in antrum, Verg. A. 6, 42; cf.: vasa anaglypta in asperitatem, i. e. wrought with raised figures, Plin. 33, 11, 49, § 139: exciderat eum (sc. obeliscum) rex, majusque opus in devehendo statuendove multo quam in excidendo, i. e. cut out in the quarry, Plin. 36, 8, 14, § 67; absol., id. ib. § 65.

Transf., in gen., to raze, demolish, lay waste, destroy: qui domos inimicorum suorum oppugnavit, excidit, incendit, Cic. Sest. 44: Numantiam, id. Off. 1. 22, 76; cf. Trojam, Verg. A. 2, 637: urbem, id. ib. 12, 762: oppida, Lact. 1, 18, 8: Germaniam, Vell. 2, 123 fin.: agrum, id. 2, 115: exercitum, i. e. to cut to pieces, annihilate, id. 2, 120, 3.

Trop., to extirpate, remove, banish: aliquid ex animo, Cic. Prov. Cons. 18, 43; cf.: iram animis, Sen. de Ira, 3, 1: aliquem numero civium, Plin. Ep. 8, 18, 6.