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Lewis : expendo

expendo, expendo, di, sum, 3, v. a., to weigh out, weigh. Lit. In gen. (very rare): aliquem, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 34: ut jam expendantur, non numerentur pecuniae, Cic. Phil. 2, 38, 97: bacam, nucem, Cels. 5, 19, 12.—With abl. of that against which any thing is weighed: hunc hominem decet auro expendi, i. e. is worth his weight in gold, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 1.—Poet.: ibat et expenso planta morata gradu, measured, Prop. 2, 4, 6 (16).

In partic., to weigh out money in payment, to pay out, pay; to lay out, expend (class.; syn.: pendo, impendo, pondero, solvo, luo): ante pedes praetoris in foro expensum est auri pondo centum, Cic. Fl. 28, 68: nummos nominibus certis, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 105: usuras gravissimas, Dig. 19, 1, 47: viginti milia talenta in hos sumptus, Just. 12, 11.—With abl.: aurum auro expendetur, argentum argento exaequabitur, Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 43.

In the part. perf. as a neutr. subst.: expensum, i, money paid, a payment: bene igitur ratio accepti atque expensi inter nos convenit, of debt and credit, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 146; id. Truc. 1, 1, 54: in codicem expensum et receptum referre, Cic. Rosc. Com. 3: probari debere pecuniam datam consuetis modis, expensi latione, mensae rationibus, chirographi exhibitione, etc., Gell. 14, 2, 7.—Esp. freq.: ferre alicui expensum or pecuniam expensam, to set down, enter, charge, reckon, account a sum as paid (opp. accipio): quod minus Dolabella Verri acceptum retulit quam Verres illi expensum tulerit ... quid proderat tibi te expensum illis non tulisse? Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 39, §§ 100 and 102: haec pecunia necesse est aut data aut expensa lata aut stipulata sit, id. Rosc. Com. 5, 14: pecunias ferre (opp. acceptas referre), Auct. B. Alex. 56, 3: homines prope quadringentos produxisse dicitur, quibus sine fenore pecunias expensas tulisset, had set down, i. e. lent, Liv. 5, 20, 6.—Rarely transf., of other things: legio, quam expensam tulit C. Caesari Pompeius, i. e. transferred, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 4; for which also: expenso ferre vestem supellectilis nomine, Dig. 33, 10, 19. Trop. (Acc. to I. A.) To weigh mentally, to ponder, estimate, consider, judge, decide (class.): equidem cum colligo argumenta causarum, non tam ea numerare soleo quam expendere, Cic. de Or. 2, 76 fin.; cf.: in dissensione civili ... expendendos cives non numerandos puto, id. Rep. 6, 1: omnia expendet ac seliget, id. Or. 15, 47: vos in privatis minimarum rerum judiciis testem diligenter expenditis, id. Fl. 5, 12: singula animo suo, Ov. Am. 3, 5, 34: haec arte aliqua, Cic. Brut. 50, 186; cf.: verba arte, Tac. A. 13, 3: omnes casus, Verg. A. 12, 21: belli consilia, Tac. H. 1, 87: causam meritis, to decide, Ov. M. 13, 150 et saep.: quae contemplantes expendere oportebit, quid quisque habeat sui, Cic. Off. 1, 31, 113: Hannibalem, Juv. 10, 147: quid conveniat nobis, id. 10, 347.

(Acc. to I. B. 1.) To pay a penalty, suffer a punishment (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): poenas Jovi expendisse (shortly after, in prose, poenas pendens), Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 10, 23; cf.: infanda per orbem Supplicia et scelerum poenas expendimus omnes, Verg. A. 11, 258: dignas poenas pro talibus ausis, Sil. 13, 698: poenas capite, Tac. A. 12, 19: dura supplicia, Sil. 6, 588.—Hence, to pay for, expiate: scelus, Verg. A. 2, 229: dignum pretium Poeno, Sil. 7, 713.

(Cf. I. B. 2.) Ipsam facilitati suae expensum ferre debere, i. e. have to ascribe to, Dig. 36, 4, 3: creditores suae negligentiae expensum ferre debeant, ib. 42, 8, 24.—* expense, adv., largely, very much (late Lat.), Theod. Prisc. de Diaeta, 13.