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Latinitatis medii aevi lexicon Bohemorum (thanks to the Centre for Classical Studies at the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences (www.ics.cas.cz/en)) (2017): exerceo

exerceo exerceo, -ere, -cui, -citum form.: excer- |KNM XII E 12 f.60rb|

1 a movere, agitare (etiam refl. et pass. sensu refl.) – uvádět v pohyb, honit, prohánět, hýbat (se), hnát (se)

b transl. (de rebus): fatigare, vexare, molestare, inquietare – namáhat, trápit, sužovat, obtěžovat, zneklidňovat

c instruere, docere, formare (etiam refl. et pass. sensu refl.), spec. de militibus: armis erudire – učit (se), cvičit (se), vzdělávat (se), spec. o vojsku: cvičit: e-e te (gl.: obykvyssye ) ad pietatem (cf. Vulg. I Tim. 4,7) |CapPr P 896 f.56v|; e-e zwykay |VocF 56b|; nec e-ebuntur ultra (Vulg. Is. 2,4) any sie wieczie prziprawowati budu |CapPr P 292 operc.|; e-itus obwykli |LexS p.77b|; e-ebor, id est nawykati budu in operibus bonis |UK III H 1 f.173r|; e-o...prziwykati |VocLact f.bb 6rb|

d uti alqa re, tractare, adhibere alqd – (po)užívat něčeho, zacházet s něčím, zabývat se něčím

e gener.: agere, colere, exsequi, exhibere – vykonávat, provozovat, zabývat se něčím, uplatňovat: e-uerat ukazal |KNM XIII D 11 f.314rb in mg. (KNM XIII C 17 f.272ra; cf. Vulg. exod. 14,31)|; e-uerat vczinil biesse |KNM XIII D 11 f.322r in mg. (KNM XIII C 17 f.274va; cf. Vulg. num. 33,4)|

f spec.: α campos sim., metalla – obdělávat pole, zemi apod., vzdělávat doly: e-ebant terram dielali su zemy |LexClemA 232| (cf. Vulg. I par. 27,26) β commercium, negotiationem, artificium sim. – provozovat obchod, živnost, řemeslo apod. γ t. t. iur.: iudicium, accusationem, leges sim. – vést soudní jednání, podávat žalobu, uplatňovat zákon apod.

+ iunct. c. subst. var.:

a (ad 1e): cristianitatis normam e-ens in populo |CanapAdalb 241|; per feminam talia e-entur opera |VincAnn 408|; vos..., qui in claustro Teplensi...spiritualem...miliciam e-etis |VitaHrozn 374|; quare...vestram in me diram voluistis e-ere potentiam (cf. ThLL V/2 1374,19)...? Hactenus satis videatur vobis vestrum in me rigorem e-uisse |PassWenc 108|; alius ex dictis sex canonicis curam (cf. ThLL IV 1459,66) animarum parrochianorum eiusdem ecclesie e-eat seu debeat e-ere |(1363) RegDipl VII 888|; qualiter nonnulli homines...presumunt...in personis ac rebus varias...insolencias...e-ere |SummaCanc 66|; gens ignara vite vere / non veretur e-ere / in te hanc seviciam |AnalHymn 34,147|; ut per illud (tus) sortilegia e-eant |IohHolLarg 344|; qui verbo Dei maledicunt...clamores, risus et fabulas et truffas e-endo |HusExp 14|; quomodo circa sacramentum penitencie e-et symoniacam heresim |HusPal 268|; potestatem (cf. ThLL ib. 25) e-ent wewodye (cf. Vulg. Matth. 20,25) |KNM XIV E 14 p.496|; qui...in piraticis Saracenorum navibus gubernacionem e-ent |CapPr P 1361 f.55v|; cum nephandam libidinose commixtionis episcopus rem e-uisset |CapPr P 1577 f.8v|; tu, scolaris, ...neque talos seu taxillos debes e-ere |UK V H 28 f.79v|; saepe

b (ad 1f): α (ad 1fα ): quod ipsi...montana auri...in civitatibus...Bohemie querere...et in eisdem operacionem montanorum...facere et e-ere possint |CodIurBoh II/3 145| β (ad 1fβ ): nullus audeat auri vel argenti cambium e-ere |(c. 1267) CodIurBoh I 166|; mechanici, qui in e-endis laboribus suis igne frequenter utuntur |SentBrun 103|; carpentarius opus suum e-ens |ib. 115|; cum...mercatores de C. eorum negociaciones (cf. ThLL V/2 1374,83) e-uerint |(1350) CodIurBoh II/3 343|; e-ere usuras |NicDrazQuer 38|; nullus audeat...aliquod mechanicum artificium e-ere |(1416) CodIurMun IV/1 320|; in qua (taberna) casuales propine e-entur |KNM IV B 18 f.170ra (BriccLib f.131va)|; magones sunt, qui in servis vendendis et emendis mercacionem e-ent |CapPr P 1570 f.23va|; al. γ (ad 1fγ ): actus iudiciarius, quem iudex de Ch. ...e-uit |SentBrun 49|; alienaciones multimodas...terrarum atque castrorum...ad iusticiam regiam e-endam immediate pertinencium (vetus vers. |AČ 3,70| : s nichžto...sprawedlnost králowská wedena měla býti ) |MaiCar 105|; ut...nullam possent (potestas et dignitas regis)...iusticiam e-ere (vetus vers. |AČ 3,72| : žádné...sprawedlnosti konati ) |ib. 107|; iurisdiccionem e-ere in personas ecclesiasticas |PetrZat 342|; non licet sibi...plene e-ere circa domum eandem omnes actus civiles |PayneRepl 48|; accio (cf. ThLL V/2 1376,53) mag. Nicolai..., quam e-uit cum magistris collegiatis |(1461) StatUniv 54|; al.

nota: ,exercere‘ c. substantivo coniunctum habet sensum verbi etymologia c. substantivo congruentis (nonnulla exempla dedimus, alia v. supra passim; cf. ThLL ib. 1377,14) – v opisných vyjádřeních se subst. ve významu slovesa stejného kmene jako subst.: colloquia, exercere i. q. colloqui – rozmlouvat, diskutovat: archiepiscopus...ac magister Ioannes Hus...e-ent inter se colloquia et dissensiones |(1411) ScriptHus II 197| dissensiones exercere i. q. dissentire – nesouhlasit, být v rozporu s někým: v. praecedens pascua exercere i. q. pascere – pást: in piscinis quoque regalibus aqua carentibus, que sunt in fundo civitatis, poterunt libere pascua e-ere absque piscium nocumento |(1460) CodIurMun IV/2 57| persecutionem exercere in alqm i. q. alqm. persequi – pronásledovat někoho: horum tempore e-etur octava persecucio in cristianos |NeplChron 455a| silentium alcis rei exercere i. q. non agere, cessare ab alqa re – nečinit, nevykonávat: ibi ergo..., cuius longo tempore silencium e-uit, missam celebrat |BrunAdalb 292|

spec. philos.: actionem exercere i. q. agere, efficere – konat, činit, působit: species humana facit intellecciones, voliciones, sensaciones...et omnia talia, que faciunt singulares homines et omnes acciones eorum; non tamen ipsa species humana e-et in se aliquam talem accionem accidentalem |StanDeUniv 147|

2 (officium) explere, (munere, officio) fungi (cf. ThLL ib. 1376,79) – plnit (povinnost), zastávat (úřad): nullus...audeat...officium sive artem notariatus seu tabellionatus publici quomodolibet e-ere (vetus vers. |AČ 3,125| : wésti )..., nisi prius per...literas...merueri[n]t e-endi licenciam (vetus vers. |AČ ib. 126 : že toto wésti muož ) obtinere |MaiCar 140|; non tamen officium pincernatus e-eat ( rex Boemie) sub ea (corona regia) |(c. 1356) TadCanc 337|; correctoris et inquisitoris officium censuit e-eri |LestArn 393|; persistebat legens, scribens...ceteraque celle officia e-ebat |VitaIenst 446|; nacio autem Bohemica...actus scholasticos iri collegio...e-uit |ChronUniv 567b|; al.

3 fere i. q. tribuere (sacramenta) – udílet (svátosti): tenemus, quod sacramentum baptismatis (cf. ThLL V/2 1375,75) iuxta consuetudinem sancte ecclesie...cum oracionibus, ...cum crismate...e-eri debet |(1432) MonConc 182|; quis doctorum, loquens contra communionem utriusque speciei, dicat eam e-entes esse hereticos |PetrZat 293|; ipsumque sacramentum baptismatis more ecclesie...cum crysmate et oleo sacro...ab ecclesia est e-endum |SynodCutn 33|; al.

4 refl.: i. q. morari, tempus degere (cf. ThLL ib. 1377,50) – zdržovat se, prodlévat: habitant (moniales et carcerati) in aere cooperto, nec se e-ent in aere discooperto, nec habitant cum aliquo extraneo potente inficere |AlbicMin 130|.