Close Window

Lewis : instruo

instruo, in -strŭo, xi (perf. sync. instruxti, Plaut. Mil. 4, 1, 34), ctum, 3, v. a., to build in or into; to build,, erect, construct (class.). Lit. In gen.: contabulationem in parietes, Caes. B. C. 2, 9: tubulos in earum (cloacarum) parietibus, Vitr. 5, 9, 7: muros, Nep. Them. 6: aggerem, Tac. H. 2, 22.

In partic. To set in order, draw up in battle array: legiones, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 66: aciem, Cic. Mur. 9, 22; id. Phil. 4, 5, 11: contra copias praesidia vestrosque exercitus, id. Cat. 2, 11 init.—Absol.: ad instruendum spatium, Liv. 9, 37, 3; 10, 19, 15; 24, 48, 11: insidias in loco aliquo, to lay an ambush, id. Clu. 66, 190; cf.: quem insidiis instruendis locum? Liv. 6, 23, 6: acies circa vallum, id. 3, 22, 5: ad hunc modum aciem, Caes. B. C. 3, 88: postremo in plures ordines, Liv. 8, 8, 4: naves, Just. 5, 4, 1.

To prepare, make ready, furnish, provide, to equip, fit out (with necessaries): domum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 5, § 9: instruere et parare convivium omnibus rebus, id. ib. 2, 4, 27, § 62: mensas, Verg. A. 3, 231; Ov. M. 8, 571: agrum, to stock, furnish, Liv. 6, 5, 5: hortos, Col. 11, 2, 25; Plin. Ep. 8, 18, 11: frumento et stipendio victorem, Just. 6, 6: et dotare filiam, Suet. Vesp. 14: mulieri aurum atque ornamenta, Plaut. Mil. 4, 1, 35: instruit focum provincia, Juv. 5, 97: socios simul instruit armis, Verg. A. 8, 80: concubinas securibus peltisque, Suet. Ner. 44: Xerxes bellum per quinquennium instruxit, Just. 2, 10, 12; 8, 5, 2.

Trop. In gen., to procure, provide for, prepare for, furnish: accusationem, Cic. Clu. 6: causam, Plin. Ep. 10, 85: in instruendo (orationem) dissipatus, in arranging, Cic. Brut. 59, 216: se, to furnish, prepare one's self: ad judicium nondum se satis instruxerat, id. Verr. 2, 4, 19: neque spatium erat instruendi bellum, Just. 8, 5, 2.

In partic., to provide with information, to teach, instruct: (oratores) parum his artibus instructos vidimus, Cic. Brut. 59, 214: judicem notitiā rerum, Quint. 4, 2, 24: juvenes salubribus praeceptis, Petr. 140: aliquem scientiā alicujus rei, Quint. prooem. § 23; cf. id. 1, 10, 5; 2, 4, 20; 2, 5, 1 al.

Absol., Just. praef. 4 (but in Cic. Cael. 30, 72, the true reading is instituimur).

To plan, devise: magnas res hic agito in mentem instruere, Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 31: instruendae fraudi intentior, Liv. 23, 35, 14: insidias mihi, Cat. 18 (21), 7.—Hence, instructus, a, um, P. a., ordered, drawn up; furnished, provided with any thing. Lit.: exercitus ita stetit instructus, ut, etc., Liv. 4, 18: acies, Caes. B. G. 1, 48: domicilia rebus iis omnibus, quibus, etc., Cic. N. D. 2, 37, 95: instructa et exornata domus, provided with necessaries, id. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 84: instructae ornataeque naves, id. ib. 2, 5, 51, § 133: instructae atque ornatae omnibus rebus copiae, id. de Imp. Pomp. 8: omnibus rebus instructum et paratum convivium, id. Verr. 2, 4, 27.

Trop. Arranged, prepared; instructed: jam instructa sunt mihi in corde consilia omnia, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 7: res satis scite instructae et compositae, Cic. Leg. 1, 13, 39: ad permovendos animos instructi et parati, id. Or. 5: ad mortem contemnendam, id. Fin. 2, 17: ad dicendum instructissimus, id. de Or. 3, 8.

Instructed, versed in: in jure civili, Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 249: omnibus ingenuis artibus, id. ib. 1, 16, 73: a jure civili, ab historia instructior (v. ab), id. Brut. 43.

In a bad sense: accusatores instructi et subornati, prepared, instructed, Cic. Vatin. 1, 3: vitiis instructior, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 25.—Adv.: instructē, with great preparation; only comp.: ludos opulentius instructius facere, Liv. 1, 35, 7: instructius accusare, App. Mag. 34, p. 296.