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Lewis : in

in in (old forms endŏ and indŭ, freq. in ante-class. poets; cf. Enn. ap. Gell. 12, 4; id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2; Lucil. ap. Lact. 5, 9, 20; Lucr. 2, 1096; 5, 102; 6, 890 et saep.), prep. with abl. and acc. [kindr. with Sanscr. an; Greek ἐν, ἐν-θα, ἐν-θεν, εἰς, i. e. ἐν-ς, ἀνά· Goth. ana; Germ. in], denotes either rest or motion within or into a place or thing; opp. to ex; in, within, on, upon, among, at; into, to, towards. With abl. In space. Lit., in (with abl. of the place or thing in which): aliorum fructus in terra est, aliorum et extra, Plin. 19, 4, 22, § 61: alii in corde, alii in cerebr?*! dixerunt animi esse sedem et locum, Cic. Tusc. 1, 9, 19: eo in rostris sedente suasit Serviliam legem Crassus, id. Brut. 43, 161: qui sunt cives in eadem re publica, id. Rep. 1, 32 fin.: facillimam in ea re publica esse concordiam, in qua idem conducat omnibus, id. ib.: T. Labienus ex loco superiore, quae res in nostris castris gererentur, conspicatus, Caes. B. G. 2, 26, 4: quod si in scaena, id est in contione verum valet, etc., Cic. Lael. 26, 97: in foro palam Syracusis, id. Verr. 2, 2, 33, § 81: plures in eo loco sine vulnere quam in proelio aut fuga intereunt, Caes. B. C. 2, 35: tulit de caede, quae in Appia via facta esset, Cic. Mil. 6, 15: in via fornicata, Liv. 22, 36: vigebat in illa domo mos patrius et disciplina, Cic. de Sen. 11, 37: in domo furtum factum ab eo qui domi fuit, Quint. 5, 10, 16: nupta in domo, Liv. 6, 34, 9: copias in castris continent, in, within, Caes. B. C. 1, 66: cum in angusto quodam pulpito stans diceret, Quint. 11, 3, 130: se ac suos in vehiculo conspici, Liv. 5, 40, 10: malo in illa tua sedecula sedere, quam in istorum sella curuli, Cic. Att. 4, 10: sedere in solio, id. Fin. 2, 21, 66: Albae constiterant, in urbe opportuna, id. Phil. 4, 2, 6.

Sometimes, also, with names of places: omnes se ultro sectari in Epheso memorat mulieres, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 182: heri aliquot adolescentuli coïimus in Piraeo, Ter. Eun. 3, 4, 1: navis et in Cajeta est parata nobis et Brundisii, Cic. Att. 8, 3, 6: complures (naves) in Hispali faciendas curavit, Caes. B. C. 2, 18: caesos in Marathone ac Salamine, Quint. 12, 10, 24: in Berenice urbe Troglodytarum, Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 183.

In indicating a multitude or number, of, in, or among which a person or thing is, in, among (= gen. part.): in his poëta hic nomen profitetur suum, Ter. Eun. prol. 3: Thales, qui sapientissimus in septem fuit, Cic. Leg. 2, 11, 26: peto ut eum complectare, diligas, in tuis habeas, id. Fam. 13, 78, 2; cf.: in perditis et desperatis, id. ib. 13, 56, 1: omnia quae secundum naturam fiunt, sunt habenda in bonis, id. de Sen. 19, 71: dolor in maximis malis ducitur, id. Leg. 1, 11, 31: justissimus unus in Teucris, Verg. A. 2, 426: cecidere in pugna ad duo milia ... in his quatuor Romani centuriones, Liv. 27, 12, 16: in diis et feminae sunt, Lact. 1, 16, 17.

Of analogous relations of place or position: sedere in equo, on horseback, id. Verr. 2, 5, 10: quid legati in equis, id. Pis. 25, 60: sedere in leone, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 109: in eo flumine pons erat, on, over, Caes. B. G. 2, 5: in herboso Apidano, on the banks of, Prop. 1, 3, 6: in digitis, on tiptoe, Val. Fl. 4, 267: castra in limite locat, on the rampart, Tac. A. 1, 50: ipse coronam habebat unam in capite, alteram in collo, on, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 27: oleae in arbore, Cels. 2, 24: Caesaris in barbaris erat nomen obscurius, among, Caes. B. C. 1, 61: in ceteris nationibus, Cels. praef. 1: qui in Brutiis praeerat, Liv. 25, 16, 7: in juvenibus, Quint. 11, 1, 32: nutus in mutis pro sermone est, id. 11, 3, 66.—Of dress, like cum, q. v.: in veste candida, Liv. 45, 20, 5; 34, 7, 3: in calceis, id. 24, 38, 2: in insignibus, id. 5, 41, 2: in tunicis albis, Plin. Ep. 7, 27, 13: in Persico et vulgari habitu, Curt. 3, 3, 4: in lugubri veste, id. 10, 5, 17: in Tyriis, Ov. A. A. 2, 297: in Cois, id. ib. v. 298; cf.: homines in catenis Romam mittere, Liv. 29, 21, 12; 32, 1, 8: quis multa te in rosa urget, etc., Hor C. 1, 5, 1; so, in viola aut in rosa, Cic. Tusc. 5, 26, 73.—So of arms: duas legiones in armis, Caes. B. G. 7, 11, 6; cf. Verg. A. 3, 395: in armis hostis, under arms, Ov. M. 12,65: quae in ore atque in oculis provinciae gesta sunt (= coram), Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 33, § 81; so, in oculis provinciae, id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 2: in oculis omnium, id. ib. 1, 3, 7: divitiae, decus, gloria in oculis sita sunt, Sall. C. 20, 14; Curt. 4, 13, 1; Liv. 22, 12, 6: Julianus in ore ejus (Vitellii) jugulatur, Tac. H. 3, 77; Sen. Ben. 7, 19, 7.—Of a passage in any writing (but when the author is named, by meton., for his works, apud is used, Krebs, Antibarb. p. 561): in populorum institutis aut legibus, Cic. Leg. 1, 15, 42: in illis libris qui sunt de natura deorum, id. Fat. 1, 1: in Timaeo dicit, id. N. D. 1, 12, 30: epistula, in qua omnia perscripta erant, Nep. Pelop. 3, 2: perscribit in litteris, hostes ab se discessisse, Caes. B. G. 5, 49; but in is also used with an author's name when, not a place in his book, but a feature of his style, etc., is referred to: in Thucydide orbem modo orationis desidero, Cic. Or. 71, 234: in Herodoto omnia leniter fluunt, Quint. 9, 4, 18.—Of books: libri oratorii diu in manibus fuerunt, Cic. Att. 4, 13, 2; id. Lael. 25, 96; but more freq. trop.: in manibus habere, tenere, etc., to be engaged, occupied with, to have under control or within reach: philosophi quamcunque rem habent in manibus, id. Tusc. 5, 7, 18: quam spem nunc habeat in manibus, exponam, id. Verr. 1, 6, 16: rem habere in manibus, id. Att. 6, 3, 1; cf.: neque mihi in manu fuit Jugurtha qualis foret, in my power, Sall. J. 14, 4: postquam nihil esse in manu sua respondebatur, Liv. 32, 24, 2: quod ipsorum in manu sit, ... bellum an pacem malint, Tac. A. 2, 46; but, cum tantum belli in manibus esset, was in hand, busied (cf.: inter manus), Liv. 4, 57, 1; so, quorum epistulas in manu teneo, Cic. Phil. 12, 4, 9; cf. id. Att. 2, 2, 2: in manu poculum tenens, id. Tusc. 1, 29, 71: coronati et lauream in manu tenentes, Liv. 40, 37, 3; Suet. Claud. 15 fin.—Of that which is thought of as existing in the mind, memory, character, etc.: in animo esse, Cic. Fam. 14, 11: in animo habere, id. Rosc. Am. 18, 52: lex est ratio insita in natura, id. Leg. 1, 6, 18: in memoria sedere, id. de Or. 2, 28, 122; cf.: tacito mutos volvunt in pectore questus, Luc. 1, 247: quanta auctoritas fuit in C. Metello! Cic. de Sen. 17, 61. —So freq. of a person's qualities of mind or character: erat in eo summa eloquentia, summa fides, Cic. Mur. 28, 58; cf.: in omni animante est summum aliquid atque optimum, ut in equis, id. Fin. 4, 41, 37: si quid artis in medicis est, Curt. 3, 5, 13; cf.: nibil esse in morte timendum, Lucr. 3, 866.

Esp., in eo loco, in that state or condition: in eo enim loco res sunt nostrae, ut, etc., Liv. 7, 35, 7: si vos in eo loco essetis, quid aliud fecissetis? Cat. ap. Quint. 9, 2, 21; so, quo in loco, etc.: cum ex equitum et calonum fuga, quo in loco res essent, cognovissent, Caes. B. G. 2, 26: videtis, quo in loco res haec siet, Ter Phorm. 2, 4, 6: quod ipse, si in eodem loco esset, facturus fuerit, Liv. 37, 14, 5.—Hence, without loco, in eo esse ut, etc., to be in such a condition, etc.: non in eo esse Carthaginiensium res, ut Galliam armis obtineant, Liv. 30, 19, 3: cum res non in eo esset, ut Cyprum tentaret, id. 33, 41, 9; 8, 27, 3; 2, 17, 5; Nep. Mil. 7, 3; id. Paus. 5, 1 (cf. I. C. 1. infra).

In time, indicating its duration, in, during, in the course of: feci ego istaec itidem in adulescentia, in my youth, when I was young, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 6: in tempore hoc, Ter. And. 4, 5, 24: in hoc tempore, Tac. A. 13, 47: in tali tempore, Sall. C. 48, 5; Liv. 22, 35; 24, 28 al.: in diebus paucis, Ter. And. 1, 1, 77: in brevi spatio, id. Heaut. 5, 2, 2; Suet. Vesp. 4: in qua aetate, Cic. Brut. 43 fin.: in ea aetate, Liv. 1, 57: in omni aetate, Cic. de Sen. 3, 9: in aetate, qua jam Alexander orbem terrarum subegisset, Suet. Caes. 7: qua (sc. Iphigenia) nihil erat in eo quidem anno na