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Lewis : amplus

amplus, amplus, a, um, adj. some regard this as a shortened form of ἀνάπλεως, = filled up, full; others, as for ambulus from amb-, rounded out, as superus from super, etc.; v. Doed. Syn. II. p. 113; but perh. it is better to form it from am- and -plus, akin to -pleo, plenus, q. v. Pott, thus pr., full all round; hence, great, large.—In space, of large extent, great, large, wide, ample, spacious (the forms amplus and amplior are very rare in the ante-class. per., and rare in all periods. Amplius is com. in the ante-class., freq. in the class., and very freq. in the post-class. per., the Vulg. rarely using the other forms, but using this 121 times. Amplissimus belongs to prose, and is scarcely used before Cicero, with whom it was a very favorite word. It was also used by Plin. Maj. and Min., but never by Tac., Sall. (in his genuine works), nor the Vulg. Catullus used only the form amplius, and Prop. only amplus, while Tib. and Pers. never used this word in any form. Ampliter is found mostly in Plaut.; and ample and amplissime are used a few times by Cic. and by writers that followed him; syn.: magnus, ingens, latus, late patens, spatiosus, laxus). Lit.: amplus et spectu protervo ferox, Pac. Trag. Rel. p. 94 Rib.: qui (Pluto) ter amplum Geryonen compescit undā, Hor. C. 2, 14, 7: ampla domus dedecori domino fit, si est in eā solitudo, Cic. Off. 1, 39, 139; so Verg. A. 2, 310: admodum amplum et excelsum signum, Cic. Verr. 4, 74: collis castris parum amplus, Sall. J. 98, 3: porticibus in amplis, Verg. A. 3, 353: per amplum mittimur Elysium, id. ib. 6, 743: vocemque per ampla volutant Atria, id. ib. 1, 725: nil vulvā pulchrius amplā, Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 41: amplae aures, Plin. 11, 52, 114, § 274: milium amplum grano, id. 18, 7, 10, § 55: cubiculum amplum, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 6: baptisterium amplum atque opacum, id. ib. 5, 6, 25.—Comp.: quanto est res amplior, Lucr. 2, 1133: Amplior Urgo et Capraria, Plin. 3, 6, 12, § 81: avis paulo amplior passere, id. 10, 32, 47, § 89: amplior specie mortali, Suet. Aug. 94; id. Caes. 76 (for the neutr. amplius, v. infra).—Sup.: amplissima curia ... gymnasium amplissimum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53: urbs amplissima atque ornatissima, id. Agr. 2, 76: amplissimum peristylum, id. Dom. 116: (candelabrum) ad amplissimi templi ornatum esse factum, id. Verr. 4, 65: mons Italiae amplissimus, Plin. 3, 5, 7, § 48: amplissimum flumen, Plin. Ep. 8, 8, 3: amplissimus lacus, id. ib. 10, 41, 2: amplissima insula, Plin. 6, 20, 23, § 71: amplissimi horti, Plin. Ep. 8, 18, 11: amplissima arborum, Plin. 16, 39, 76, § 200: est (topazon) amplissima gemmarum, id. 37, 8, 32, § 109: amplissimum cubiculum, Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 23.

Transf., great, abundant, ample, much, long: bono atque amplo lucro, Plaut. Am. prol. 6 and Ep. 2, 2, 117: pabula miseris mortalibus ampla, Lucr. 5, 944: ampla civitas, Cic. Verr. 4, 81; 4, 96: civitas ampla atque florens, Caes. B. G. 4, 3: gens ampla, Plin. 5, 30, 33, § 125: amplae copiae, Caes. B. G. 5, 19: ampla manus militum, Liv. Epit. 1, 4, 9: pecuaria res ampla, Cic. Quinct. 12: res familiaris ampla, id. Phil. 13, 8: (res) ampla, Sall. H. Fragm. 3, 82, 20 Kritz: patrimonium amplum et copiosum, Cic. Sex. Rosc. 6; id. Dom. 146: id. Phil. 2, 67: amplae divitiae, Hor. S. 2, 2, 101: esse patri ejus amplas facultates, Plin. Ep. 1, 14, 9: in amplis opibus heres, Plin. 9, 36, 59, § 122.—Comp.: amplior numerus, Cic. Mil. 57; Sall. J. 105, 3; Tac. A. 14, 53: ampliores aquae, Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 58: amplior exercitus, Sall. J. 54, 3; Suet. Vesp. 4: commeatus spe amplior, Sall. J. 75, 8: amplior pecunia, Auct. B. Alex. 56: pecunia amplior, Plin. Ep. 3, 11, 2: pretia ampliora, Plin. 10, 29, 43, § 84: omnia longe ampliora invenire quam etc., Plin. Ep. 1, 14, 10: ampliores noctes, Plin. 18, 26, 63, § 232: ut ampliori tempore maneret, Vulg. Act. 18, 20.

Sup.: peditatūs copiae amplissimae e Galliā, Cic. Font. 8: exercitus amplissimus, Plin. Ep. 2, 13, 2; 9, 13, 11: amplissima pecunia, Cic. Rosc. Am. 31: amplissimae fortunae, id. Verr. 2, 5, 8; id. Quinct. 49; id. Phil. 10, 4: amplissimae patrimonii copiae, id. Fl. 89: amplissimas summas emptionibus occupare, Plin. Ep. 8, 2, 3: opes amplissimae, id. ib. 8, 18, 4: amplissima dies horarum quindecim etc., the longest day, Plin. 6, 34, 39, § 218.—Also subst. in comp. neutr. (v. amplius, adv. infra), more: ut quirem exaudire amplius, Att. Trag. Rel. p. 173 Rib.: si vis amplius dari, Dabitur, Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 18: jam amplius orat, id. ib. 2, 1, 19: daturus non sum amplius, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 29: non complectar in his libris amplius quam quod etc., id. de Or. 1, 6, 22: tantum adfero quantum ipse optat, atque etiam amplius, Plaut. Capt. 4, 1, 10: ni amplius etiam, quod ebibit, id. Trin. 2, 1, 20: Ph. Etiamne amplius? Th. Nil, Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 63: Tr. Dimidium Volo ut dicas. Gr. Immo hercle etiam amplius, Plaut. Rud. 4, 3, 21: Th. Nempe octoginta debentur huic minae? Tr. Haud nummo amplius, id. Most. 3, 3, 16: etiam amplius illam adparare condecet, Turp. Com. Rel. p. 100 Rib.: hoc onere suscepto amplexus animo sum aliquanto amplius, Cic. Verr. 2, 1: si sit opus liquidi non amplius urna, Hor. S. 1, 1, 54: omnis numerus amplius octingentis milibus explebat, Vell. 2, 110, 3: Segestanis imponebat aliquanto amplius quam etc., Cic. Verr. 4, 76: illā coronā contentus Thrasybulus neque amplius requisivit, Nep. Thras. 4, 3: amplius possidere, Plin. 18, 4, 3, § 17: Ille imperio ei reddito haud amplius, quam ut duo ex tribus filiis secum militarent, exegit, Curt. 8, 4, 21: dedit quantum maximum potuit, daturus amplius, si potuisset, Plin. Ep. 3, 21, 6: cum hoc amplius praestet, quod etc., id. ib. 7, 25, 1.—Also with part. gen., more of, a greater quantity or number of: gaudeo tibi liberorum esse amplius, Plaut. Cist. 5, 4: te amplius bibisse praedicet loti, Cat. 39, 21: amplius frumenti auferre, Cic. Verr. 3, 49: expensum est auri viginti paulo amplius, id. Fl. 6, 8: amplius negotii contrahi, id. Cat. 4, 9: si amplius obsidum vellet, Caes. B. G. 6, 9, ubi v. Herz.: quanto ejus amplius processerat temporis, id. B. C. 3, 25.

Fig. Of internal power or force, great, strong, violent, impetuous: pro viribus amplis, Lucr. 5, 1174: amplae vires peditum, Plin. 6, 20, 23, § 75; ampla nepotum Spes, Prop. 4, 22, 41: poena sera, sed ampla, full, strict, id. 4, 5, 32. —Comp.: haec irae factae essent multo ampliores, Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 9: si forte morbus amplior factus siet, i. e. gravior, id. ib. 3, 1, 50: amplior metus, Cic. Clu. 128: amplior potentia feris, Plin. 28, 10, 42, § 153: ampliorem dicendi facultatem consequi, Quint. 2, 3, 4: amplior eoque acrior impetus, Flor. 4, 2, 66: spes amplior, Sall. J. 105, 4: amplius accipietis judicium, severer, Vulg. Matt. 23, 14: amplior auctoritas, Plin. 37, 3, 12, § 47: amplior virtus, higher merit, Quint. 8, 3, 83: idem aut amplior cultus (dei), Plin. 28, 2, 4, § 18: amplior est quaestio, Quint. 3, 5, 8: ampliora verba, of larger meaning, id. 8, 4, 2: scientia intellegentiaque ac sapientia ampliores inventae sunt in te, Vulg. Dan. 5, 14: quo legatis animus amplior esset, Sall. C. 40, 6; 59, 1: spiritus amplior, Vulg. Dan. 5, 12; 6, 3.—Sup.: (honos) pro amplissimis meritis redditur, Cic. Phil. 5, 41: cujus sideris (Caniculae) effectus amplissimi in terrā sentiuntur, very violent, Plin. 2, 40, 40, § 107: amplissima spes, Suet. Caes. 7: his finis cognitionis amplissimae, most important trial, Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 23.

Of external splendor, great, handsome, magnificent, splendid, glorious: illis ampla satis forma, pudicitia, great enough, Prop. 1, 2, 24: haec ampla sunt, haec divina, Cic. Sest. 102; id. Arch. 23: res gestae satis amplae, Sall. C. 8, 2: cur parum amplis adfecerit praemiis, Cic. Mil. 57: ampl α and γ ).

With numerals and numeral forms. Without quam: amplius horam suffixum in cruce me memini esse, Cat. 69, 3: horam amplius jam in demoliendo signo homines moliebantur, Cic. Verr. 4, 95: amplius annos triginta tribunus fuerat, Sall. C. 59, 6: me non amplius novem annos nato, Nep. Hann. 2, 3: per annos amplius quadraginta, Suet. Aug. 72; 32: quid si tandem amplius triennium est? Cic. Q. Rosc. 8: Tu faciem illius noctem non amplius unam Falle dolo, Verg. A. 1, 683: inveniebat Sabim flumen non amplius milia passuum decem abesse, Caes. B. G. 2, 16; 4, 12: reliquum spatium, quod est non amplius pedum sexcentorum, mons continet, id. ib. 1, 28; 2, 29: amplius sestertium ducentiens acceptum hereditatibus rettuli, Cic. Phil. 2, 40; id. Fl. 68; so Plin. Ep. 10, 39, 1: huic paulo amplius tertiam partem denegem? id. ib. 5, 7, 3: cum eum amplius centum cives Romani cognoscerent, Cic. Verr. 1, 14; 5, 155: victi amplius ducenti ceciderunt, Liv. 21, 29, 3: non amplius quattuordecim cohortes, Pompei. ap. Cic. Att. 8, 12, C: ex omni multitudine non amplius quadraginta locum cepere, Sall. J. 58, 3: torrentes amplius centum, Plin. 5, 28, 29, § 103; 9, 5, 4, § 10.—And very rarely placed after the numeral: qui septingentos jam annos amplius numquam mutatis legibus vivunt, Cic. Fl. 63: pugnatum duas amplius horas, Liv. 25, 19, 15 Weissenb.: duo haud amplius milia peditum effugerunt, id. 28, 2: decem amplius versus perdidimus, Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 12: trīs pateat caeli spatium non amplius ulnas, Verg. E. 3, 105.

With the comp. abl. (rare but class.): cum jam amplius horis sex continenter pugnaretur, Caes. B. G. 3, 5; 4, 37: pugnatum amplius duabus horis est, Liv. 27, 12: neque triennio amplius supervixit, Suet. Caes. 89: uti non amplius quinis aut senis milibus passuum interesset, Caes. B. G. 1, 15; 1, 23; 2, 7; 6, 29: non amplius patet milibus quinque et triginta, Sall. Fragm. Hist. 4, 1, 34 Kritz: est ab capite paulo amplius mille passibus locus, Plin. Ep. 10, 90, 1: ab Capsā non amplius duum milium intervallo, Sall. J. 91, 3: (Catilina) cum initio non amplius duobus milibus (militum) habuisset, id. C. 56, 2; so, denas alii, alii plures (uxores) habent, set reges eo amplius, id. J. 80, 7.

And prob. the following ambiguous cases: cum mille non amplius equitibus, Sall. J. 105, 3: oppidum non amplius mille passuum abesse, id. ib. 68, 3.

With quam (postAug. and eccl.): non amplius, cum plurimum, quam septem horas dormiebat, Suet. Aug. 78: nec amplius quam septem et viginti dies Brundisii commoratus, id. ib. 17: Toto triennio semel omnino eam nec amplius quam uno die paucissimis vidit horis, id. Tib. 51: demoratus dies non amplius quam octo aut decem, Vulg. Act. 25, 6: ut non amplius apud te quam quarta (pars) remaneret, Plin. Ep. 5, 19: ut vexillum veteranorum, non amplius quam quingenti numero, copias fuderint, Tac. A. 3, 21: haud amplius quam ducentos misit, id. ib. 14, 32: insidiantur ei ex iis viri amplius quam quadraginta, Vulg. Act. 23, 21.

Amplius, t. t. of judges when they deferred an important case for future examination: Amplius adeo prolixum temporis spatium significat, ut judices quotienscunque significarent, adhuc se audire velle, amplius dicebant. Itaque negotium differebant, unde hodieque ampliari judicium differri dicitur, Charis. 176 P.; so Don. ad Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 39; cf. also amplio and ampliatio: cum consules re auditā amplius de consilii sententiā pronuntiavissent, Cic. Brut. 22, 86: antea vel judicari primo poterat vel amplius pronuntiari, id. Verr. 2, 1, 26: ut de Philodamo amplius pronuntiaretur, id. ib. 2, 1, 29.

And metaph.: ego amplius deliberandum censeo, Ter. Phorm. 2, 4, 17.

Amplius non petere, judicial t. phr., to bring no further action, to make no further claim: quid ita satis non dedit, AMPLIVS [A SE] NEMINEM PETITVRVM? Cic. Rosc. Com. 12, 35: Tibi ego, Brute, non solvam, nisi prius a te cavero amplius eo nomine neminem, cujus petitio sit, petiturum, id. Brut. 5, 18: sunt duo, quae te rogo: primum, ut si quid satis dandum erit, AMPLIVS EO NOMINE NON PETI, cures etc., id. Fam. 13, 28 A: quod ille recusārit satis dare amplius abs te non peti, id. Att. 1, 8, 1.

Hoc amplius, beside the general use given above (II. Comp. b. α ), as t. phr. of senators when they approved a measure, but amended it by addition: Servilio adsentior et HOC AMPLIVS CENSEO, magnum Pompeium fecisse etc., Cic. Phil. 12, 21, 50: cui cum essem adsensus, decrevi HOC AMPLIVS, ut etc., id. ad Brut. 1, 5, 1; so Seneca: fortasse et post omnes citatus nihil improbabo ex iis, quae priores decreverint, et dicam HOC AMPLIVS CENSEO, Vit. Beat. 3, 2: Quaedam ex istis sunt, quibus adsentire possumus, sed HOC AMPLIVS CENSEO, id. Q. N. 3, 15, 1.

To this may be added the elliptical phrases, nihil amplius and si nihil amplius: nihil amplius, denoting that there is nothing further than has been declared: sese ipsum abs te repetit. Nihil amplius, Cic. Verr. 5, 49, 128; (res publica) ulta suas injurias est per vos interitu tyranni. Nihil amplius, id. Fam. 12, 1, 2; and, si nihil amplius, marking a limit, if nothing more, at least: excedam tectis? An, si nihil amplius, obstem? Ov. M. 9, 148.!*? The form amplius has the ambiguity of the Engl. word more, which is sometimes an adj., sometimes a subst., and sometimes an adv., and some of the above examples would admit of different classifications; as, non amplius dicere, not to speak further (adv.) or not to say more (subst.), Plaut. As. 1, 3, 51; but some of them would admit of only one explanation; as, ne quos amplius Rhenum transire pateretur, Caes. B. G. 1, 43.Sup.: amplissimē. Lit., very largely, most abundantly: ut quibus militibus amplissime (agri) dati adsignati essent, in the largest shares, Cic. Phil. 5, 53: duumviri (deos) tribus quam amplissume tum apparari poterat stratis lectis placavere, Liv. 5, 13, 6 Weissenb.

Fig., most generously, most handsomely: qui amplissime de salute meā decreverint, Cic. Dom. 44: amplissime laudare, in the handsomest style, Plin. 18, 3, 3, § 11; Suet. Calig. 15: honores amplissime gessit, Cic. Verr. 2, 112: pater cum amplissime ex praeturā triumphāsset, with the greatest pomp, id. Mur. 15: placere eum quam amplissime supremo suo die efferri, should be carried forth with every possible solemnity, id. Phil. 9, 7, 16. V. on this word, Hand, Turs. I. pp. 287-296.