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Lewis : iaceo

iaceo, jăcĕo, cŭi, cĭtum (fut. part. jaci-turus, Stat. Th. 7, 777), 2, v. n. intr. of jacio; lit., to be thrown or cast; hence, to lie. Lit. In gen.: in limine, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 45, § 118: stratum ad pedes alicujus, id. Quint. 31, 96; id. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2: alicui ad pedes, id. Verr. 2, 5, 49, § 129: in lecto, id. Phil. 2, 18, 45; Juv. 6, 269: in ignota harena, Verg. A. 5, 871: Tyrio sublimis in ostro, Ov. H. 12, 179: in viridi gramine, id. Am. 1, 14, 22: in teneris dominae lacertis, id. ib. 1, 13, 5: in solo, id. M. 2, 420: in viduo toro, id. H. 16, 316: in gremio, id. ib. 9, 136; 11, 4: in servi complexibus, Juv. 6, 279; for which: saxum campo quod forte jacebat, Verg. A. 12, 897: deserto lecto, Ov. H. 1, 7: saxo, id. M. 6, 100: gremio mariti, Juv. 2, 120: in aversa ora, Ov. H. 12, 63: super corpus alicujus, id. F. 2, 836: somno, Verg. E. 6, 14: spissa harena, id. A. 6, 336: humo, Ov. A. A. 2, 238: nudus humi jacet, Lucr. 5, 224; Cic. Cat. 1, 10, 26; Ov. Am. 3, 1, 12: humi ante lectum jacens, Suet. Oth. 7: mecum inter salices lenta sub vite jacere, Verg. E. 10, 40: sub alta platano, Hor. C. 2, 11, 14: strata jacent sub arbore poma, Verg. E. 7, 54.—Absol.: Tityos jacet alitis esca, Verg. Cul. 237: vittae jacentes, Tib. 2, 5, 53: pisces jacentes, i. e. flatfish, Col. 8, 17, 9.

In partic. Of sick persons, to lie ill, to be sick: cura ut valeas, ne ego te jacente bona tua comedim, Cic. Fam. 9, 20: cum tristj morbo defessa jaceres, Tib. 1, 5, 9: hic facit ut jaceas, Ov. H. 20, 173: graviter, Plin. Ep. 5. 9: sine spe, Sen. Ep. 101, 3.

To lie dead, to have fallen: Aeacidae telo jacet Hector, Verg. A. 1, 99; 10, 737: corpora per campos ferro quae fusa jacebant, id. ib. 11, 102: cum primi occidissent, proximi jacentibus insisterent, Caes. B. G. 2, 27, 3; 7, 25, 3: neminem jacentem veste spoliavit, Nep. Thras. 2, 6; cf.: spolia jacentis hostium exercitus, Liv. 44, 45: ne inultos imperatores suos jacere sinerent, id. 25, 37: qui bene pro patria cum patriaque jacent, Ov. H. 3, 106: Arge, jaces! id. M. 1, 720: morte jacent merita, id. F. 3, 707: fratri jacet, killed by his brother, Sil. 15, 650: rupto jacuit corpore (rana), Phaedr. 1, 24, 10: jacuit Catilina cadavere toto, Juv. 10, 288.

To be or lie long anywhere, to linger, tarry, stop at a place: pernam, glandium, sumen facito in aqua jaceant, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 33: Brundusii, to stay long at, Cic. Att. 11, 6, 2.

Geographically, to lie, be situate, = esse, situm esse (not in Cic. or Cæs.): jacet Vada inter Appenninum et Alpis, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 2; Liv. 5, 48, 2; 6, 30, 5; 22, 3, 3: inter Taurum montem jacet et Hellespontem, Nep. Eum. 3, 2 saep.: quae gens jacet supra Ciliciam, id. Dat. 4: ad vesperam jacentis terrae, Plin. 18, 25, 57, § 216: summo in vertice montis Planities ignota jacet, Verg. A. 11, 527: quod urbes in planis jaceant, Just. 22, 5, 5: alio patriam quaerunt sub sole jacentem, Verg. G. 2, 512: jacet extra sidera tellus, id. A. 6, 795; cf.: pallente sub umbra Cimmerias jacuisse domos, Sil. 12, 132: inter eos solemque jacent immania ponti aequora, Lucr. 4, 412; cf.: Cyclades et Sporades per quingenta milia in longitudinem ... jacent, extend, Plin. 4, 12, 23, § 71.

To be low, flat, level: jacentia et plana urbis loca, Tac. H. 1, 86: despiciens terras jacentīs, Verg. A. 1, 224: praetervehor Thapsum jacentem, id. ib. 3, 689; Val. Fl. 4, 712: quaeque jacent valles, Ov. F. 2, 392; Just. 22, 5, 5: jacentes campos, Luc. 4, 52: summo despexit ab aethere terras Infelix Phaëthon penitus penitusque jacentes, Ov. M. 2, 178.

Esp., of the sea, to be level, quiet, lie still: mediusque jacet sine murmure pontus, Luc. 1, 260; 5, 434: servatum bello jacuit mare, id. 3, 523: planum mare, Juv. 12, 62: stagna jacentia, Sil. 5, 583.

To lie in ruins, be broken down: cui nec arae patriae domi stant, fractae et disjectae jacent, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44 (Trag. Rel. v. 115 Vahl.): jacent, Ilion ingens, Ov. M. 13, 505: ausa et jacentem visere regiam vultu sereno, Hor. C. 1, 37, 25: Troja jacet certe, Ov. H. 1, 3: vetus Thebe jacet, Juv. 15, 6.

To hang loose: vagi crines per colla jacebant, Ov. M. 2, 673; id. A. A. 3, 236: jacentia lora, lying loose on the horse's neck, id. M. 2, 201; cf., of clothing, etc.: juvenes timidaeque puellae Praeverrunt latas veste jacente vias, id. Am. 3, 13, 24: demissa jacent tibi pallia terrae, id. ib. 3, 2, 25; id. A. A. 153.

Of the eyes, face, etc., to be cast down, fixed on the ground: vultusque attolle jacentes, Ov. M. 4, 144: jacentes Vix oculos tollens, id. ib. 11, 618. Trop. To be indolent or inactive, not to come forward: in pace jacere, quam in bello vigere maluit. Quamquam ille quidem numquam jacuit, Cic. Phil. 10, 7, 14: C. Marius cum a spe consulatus longe abesset et jam septimum annum post praeturam jaceret, id. Off. 3, 20, 79: ars tua, Tiphy, jacet, si non sit in aequore fluctus, Ov. Tr. 4, 3, 77: at mea numina tandem fessa jacent, Verg. A. 7, 298.

To be cast down, dejected: Gnaeus noster ut totus jacet, Cic. Att. 7, 21, 1: ne jaceam? quis unquam minus, id. ib. 12, 40, 2: jacet in maerore meus frater, id. ib. 10, 4; id. Phil. 12, 2: militum jacere animos, Liv. 10, 35.

To lie prostrate: victa jacet pietas, Ov. M. 1, 149: nobilitas sub amore jacet, id. H. 4, 161: Africani, Marii, Sullae, Pompeii infra Pallantis laudes jacebant, Plin. Ep. 8, 6, 2: justitia vacillat, vel jacet potius, Cic. Off. 3, 33, 118: humana cum vita jaceret, oppressa gravi sub religione, Lucr. 1, 63.

To be refuted, overcome, disproved, to fail: jacent suis testibus, qui Clodium negant Romam fuisse rediturum, etc., Cic. Mil. 18, 47: jacet omnis ratio Peripateticorum, id. Fin. 5, 28, 86: jacet igitur tota conclusio, id. Div. 2, 51, 106.

To lie dormant, be disused or neglected, to be of no avail: cum leges nihil valebant, cum judicia jacebant, Cic. Par. 4, 1: tota Capua et omnis hic delectus jacet, id. Att. 7, 22: dici non potest, quomodo hic omnia jaceant, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6: justitia jacet, Cic. Off. 3, 33: maximas virtutes jacere omnes necesse est voluptate dominante, id. Fin. 2, 35, 117; Quint. 9, 2, 4.

To be despised, in no esteem: cum jacerent pretia praediorum, Cic. Rosc. Com. 12, 33: ut neque jacere regem pateremur, id. Fam. 1, 5, 3: sed nunc omnia ista jacere puto, propter nummorum caritatem, are cheap, id. Att. 9, 9, 4: dat census honores, Census amicitias: pauper ubique jacet, Ov. F. 1, 218; id. R. Am 139.

To lie idle, neglected, or unemployed: cur tamdiu jacet hoc nomen in adversariis, Cic. Rosc. Com. 3: quomodo tibi tanta pecunia extraordinaria jacet? id. ib. 1: quae (pecuniae) vereor, ne otiosae jaceant, Plin. Ep. 10, 62, 1: nonne justius erit proximo cuique bonorum possessionem dari, ne bona jaceant, that they be not without an owner, Dig. 37, 3, 1.

To lie open, be obvious, to be known, be at hand: neque ex alio genere (verborum) ad usum cottidianum, alio ad scenam pompamque sumuntur, sed ea nos cum jacentia sustulimus e medio, Cic. de Or. 3, 45, 177.

Of speech or language, to be languid, lifeless, dull: quibus detractis, jacet (oratio), Quint. 9, 2, 4: jacens oratio, Gell. 1, 11, 15; cf. Quint. 8, 5, 32.