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Lewis : abundo

abundo, ăbundo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. Lit., of a wave, to flow over and down, to overflow (while redundo signifies to flow over a thing with great abundance of water, to inundate): apud abundantem antiquam amnem, Att. ap. Non. 192, 4 (Trag. Rel. p. 175 Rib.): flumina abundare ut facerent, Lucr. 6, 267; cf. id. 1, 282; Verg. G. 3, 484; and in the beautiful figure in Plaut.: ripis superat mi atque abundat pectus laetitiā, for joy, my heart swells above its banks and overflows, Stich. 2, 1, 6: ita abundavit Tiberis, ut, etc., Liv. 30, 38, 10; cf.: quando aqua Albana abundāsset, id. 5, 15, 11: so, fons in omnem partem, Plin. 18, 22, 51, § 188. Transf. Poet., of plants, to shoot up with great luxuriance: de terris abundant herbarum genera ac fruges, Lucr. 5, 920 (in Enn. ap. Macr. 6, 3, the better read. is obundantes, Enn. p. 65 Vahl.). In gen., to abound, to be redundant: sive deest naturae quippiam, sive abundat atque affluit, Cic. Div. 1, 29, 61: abundabant et praemia et operae vitae, Plin. H. N. 14, prooem. § 4.—Once with dat.: tenuioribus magis sanguis, plenioribus magis caro abundat, Cels. 2, 10. To overflow with any thing, to have an abundance or superabundance of, to abound in (the most usual signif.); constr. with abl., and once poet. with gen. (cf. Rudd. II. p. 189 n.). With abl.: divitiis, Ter. Heaut. 3, 2, 17: villa abundat porco, haedo, agno, etc., Cic. Sen. 16, 56: praeceptis philosophiae, id. Off. 1, 1: ingenio, otio, id. de Or. 1, 6, 22: mulier abundat audaciā, id. Clu. 84: cujus oratio omnibus ornamentis abundavit, id. Balb. 7: equitatu, Caes. B. G. 7, 14: magna copiā frumenti, id. ib. 8, 40: aquā, Auct. B. Alex. 1: et aequalium familiaritatibus et consuetudine propinquorum, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 58: clientibus, Quint. 5, 10, 26.—Poet.: amore abundas, you are too fortunate in love (successu prospero affluis, Don.), Ter. Phorm. 1, 3, 11; cf. Lucil.: ille abundans cum septem incolumis pinnis redit, ap. Don. Ter. l. c.

With gen.: quarum et abundemus rerum et quarum indigeamus, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 498, 7.—Esp., to abound in wealth, to be rich (cf. abundantia, II.): et absentes adsunt et egentes abundant, Cic. Lael. 7, 23: Caietam, si quando abundare coepero, ornabo, id. Att. 1, 4, 3.—Hence, ăbun-dans, antis, P. a., overflowing. Lit., of rivers, fluids, etc.: fluvius abundantior aestate, i. e. fuller, Plin. 2, 103, 106, § 227: abundantissimus amnis, Cic. Rep. 2, 19: menses (mulierum), Plin. 22, 25, 71, § 147.

Transf. Existing in abundance, copious, abundant: non adesā jam, sed abundanti etiam pecuniā sic dissolutus, Cic. Quint. 12, 40.

Containing abundance, abounding, rich, full; constr. with abl., gen., or absol. With abl.: vir abundans bellicis laudibus, Cn. Pompeius, Cic. Off. 1, 22, 78: abundantior consilio, ingenio, sapientiā, id. Pis. 26, 62: rerum copiā et sententiarum varietate abundantissimus, id. de Or. 2, 14, 58.

With gen.: (via) copiosa omniumque rerum abundans, Nep. Eum. 8, 5: lactis, Verg. E. 2, 20: corporis, Claud. ap. Eutrop. 2, 380: pietatis, id. IV. Cons. Hon. 113.

Absol.: non erat abundans, non inops tamen oratio, Cic. Brut. 67, 238: abundantior atque ultra quam oportet fusa materia, Quint. 2, 4, 7: abundantissima cena, Suet. Ner. 42; cf. id. Calig. 17.—Also in a bad sense, of discourse, pleonastic, superabundant, Quint. 12, 10, 18; 8, 3, 56.

Hence, adv.: ex abundanti, superabundantly, Quint. 4, 5, 15; 5, 6, 2; Dig. 33, 7, 12, § 46 al.

Esp., abounding in wealth, rich (syn. dives, opp. egens): (supellex) non illa quidem luxuriosi hominis, sed tamen abundantis, Cic. Phil. 2, 27, 66: haec utrum abundantis an egentis signa sunt? id. Par. 6, 1, § 43.—Hence, adv.: ăbundanter, abundantly, copiously: loqui, Cic. de Or. 2, 35: ferre fructum, Plin. 24, 9, 42.—Comp., Cic. Trop. 10.—Sup., Suet. Aug. 74.