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Lewis : manus

manus, mănus, ūs (dat. manu for manui: alternae manu, Prop. 1, 11, 12; 2, 1, 60), f. root man-, ma-, to measure; Sanscr. ma, measure, moon; cf. Germ. Mond, moon, and O. H. Germ. mund, hand; Angl.-Sax. mund, a hand. Lit.: quam vero aptas, quamque multarum artium ministras manus natura homini dedit! Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 150: vas in manus sumere, id. Verr. 2, 4, 27, § 62: Epicurum in manus sumere, i. e. scripta Epicuri, id. Tusc. 2, 3, 8: pyxidem in manu tenere, id. Cael. 26, 63: manum porrigere ad tradendum aliquid, id. ib.: de manibus deponere, to lay out of one's hands, lay down, id. Ac. 1, 1, 2. ponere, id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8: extorquere, to wrest from one's hands, id. Cat. 1, 6, 13: e manibus dimittere, to let go out of one's hands, id. Or. 30, 105: manum ad os apponere, i. e. to lay the finger on the lips in token of secrecy, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 1, 4: alicui in manu esse, to be obvious, clear: neque mihi in manu Jugurtha qualis foret, Sall. J. 14, 4: (feminas) in manu esse parentium, fratrum, virorum, subject to, Liv. 34, 2, 11; cf.: minus filiae uxores sorores quibusdam in manu erunt, id. 34, 7, 11: in manibus esse, to be in everybody's hands, to be well known: est in manibus oratio, Cic. Lael. 25, 96: est in manibus laudatio, id. Sen. 4, 12; id. Brut. 33, 125.—Also, to be near: hostes sunt in manibus, near to us, close by us, upon us, Caes. B. G. 2, 19, 7; also, to be present: attendere, quae in manibus sunt, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 1; Verg. A. 10, 280: in manibus habere, to have in hand, to be engaged on a thing: omnia, quae in manibus habebam, abjeci, Cic. Att. 13, 47, 1: habeo opus magnum in manibus, id. Ac. 1, 1, 2: philosophi quamcunque rem habent in manibus, in eam, etc., id. Tusc. 5, 7, 18; id. Sen. 7, 22; id. Cael. 27, 65: milites bellum illud, quod erat in manibus, reliquisse, id. Rep. 2, 37, 63; cf.: dum occasio in manibus esset, Liv. 7, 36, 10: inimicorum in manibus mortuus est, among, Cic. Inv. 1, 55, 108: manu tenere, to know for certain, id. Brut. 80, 277.

Pass.: manibus teneri, to be certain, evident, Cic. Sest. 32, 69: habere in manibus, to fondle, caress, make much of: sic in manibus (inimicum meum) habebant, sic fovebant, etc., id. Fam. 1, 9, 10: in manus venire, to come to hand, id. Q. Fr. 2, 15, b, 1: proelium in manibus facere, to fight at close quarters, Sall. J. 57, 4: ad manum habere, to have at hand, have in readiness, Quint. 12, 5, 1: ad manum esse, at hand, in hand, near, Liv. 9, 19: ad manum venire or accedere, to come hand to hand, come to close quarters: nonnumquam etiam res ad manus, atque ad pugnam veniebat, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28; Nep. Eum. 5, 2; Liv. 2, 30: ut venere in manus, Tac. A. 2, 80: ut ventum in manus, id. H. 4, 71: adire manum alicui, v. 1. adeo: ad manum intueri aliquid, at hand, close by, hard by, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 97: prae manu or manibus, at hand, in readiness, in hand, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 3, 10; App. M. 6, p. 180, 32; Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 23; Gell. 19, 8: quem servum ille habuit ad manum, Cic. de Or. 3, 60, 225: servus a manu, i. e. a scribe, secretary, Suet. Caes. 74: de manu dare, to give with one's own hand, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 37: de manu in manum quippiam tradere, to deliver from hand to hand, i. e. with great care, Cic. Fam. 7, 5, 2: manum ferulae subducere, to take the hand from the rod, i. e. to be too old for the rod, Juv. 1, 15: e manu (for eminus; opp. cominus), from a distance: quae mea cominus machaera atque hasta hostibit e manu, Enn. ap. Fest. s. v. redhostire, p. 270 Müll. (Trag. v. 212 Vahl.): plenā manu, with a full or plentiful hand, bountifully, liberally: plenā manu dare, abundantly, Sen. Ben. 1, 7, 2; id. Ep. 120, 10; id. ad Polyb. 9, 7; so trop.: Hortalus, quam plenā manu nostras laudes in astra sustulit, Cic. Att. 2, 25, 1; so, plenis manibus pecuniam largiri, Lact. 3, 16, 15; cf.: quemquam vacuis a se manibus abire pati, Sen. Brev. Vit. 14, 5: manibus pedibusque aliquid facere (Greek πὺξ καὶ λάξ ), with hands and feet, i. e. with all one's power, with might and main, Ter. And. 1, 1, 134: per manus, with the hands, Caes. B. G. 6, 37: per manus servulae, by her assistance, Cic. Att. 1, 12, 3: per manus tradere, to deliver from hand to hand, from mouth to mouth, to hand down from father to son: traditae per manus religiones, Liv. 5, 51: per manus, also, by force, by main force, forcibly: per manus libertatem retinere, Sall. J. 31, 22: inter manus, in one's hands, under one's hands: agger inter manus proferebatur, Caes. B. C. 2, 2: villa crescit inter manus, Sen. Ep. 12, 1: nihil adhuc inter manus habui cui majorem sollicitudinem praestare deberem, Plin. Ep. 2, 5, 2: scripta quae inter manus habes, are occupied with, id. ib. 5, 5, 7.—Trop., palpable, evident: ante oculos interque manus sunt omnia vestras, Verg. A. 11, 311; cf.: manus inter parentum, id. ib. 2, 681: inter manus, also, in one's hands, in one's arms: abripite hunc intro actutum inter manus, Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 38: e convivio auferri, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28: sub manu and sub manum, at hand, near, readily, immediately, on the instant: Vocontii sub manu ut essent, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 23, 2: quo celerius, ac sub manum annuntiari cognoscique posset, quid in provincia quāque gereretur, etc., Suet. Aug. 49; Sen. Ep. 71, 1: sub manus succedere, according to one's wish, Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 59: alicujus manu esse, to be from or by one's hand: epistulae quae quidem erant tua manu, Cic. Att. 7, 2, 3; cf. id. ib. 8, 13, 1 (cf. II. C. infra): manu, with the hand, by hand, i. e. artificially, opp. to naturally, by nature: manu sata, i. e. by the hand of man, opp. to what grows wild. Caes. B. C. 3, 44: urbs manu munitissima, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 2, § 4: quaedam ingenia manu, quod aiunt, facienda sunt, Sen. Ep. 52, 1: quidam et liberos ejurent et orbitatem manu faciant, id. ad Marc. 19, 2: morbi, quos manu fecimus, i. e. which we produce by our own fault (e. g. by intemperance), Sen. Brev. Vit. 3, 3: oratio manu facta, artificial, elaborate, opp. to natural, simple, id. Ep. 115, 2: manu mederi, to be a surgeon, Cels. praef. 1: manibus aequis or manu aequā, with equal advantage: manibus aequis abscessum est, Tac. A. 1, 63: aequā manu discedere, to come off with equal advantage, Sall. C. 39, 4: manus afferre, to lay hands on; trop., to destroy or weaken: qui diutius torqueri patitur, quem protinus potest liberare, beneficio suo manus affert, Sen. Ben. 2, 5, 3: manum inicere alicui, to lay the hand on one, to detain, arrest him, Cic. Rosc. Com. 16, 48: manum dare, to give or lend a hand, to help, assist, Quint. 2, 3, 7: manus dare or dedere, to give the hands to be bound; hence, in gen., to give up, yield, surrender: perpende, et, si tibi vera videntur, Dede manus, aut, si falsum est, accingere contra, Lucr. 2, 1043: fateor, manus vobis do, Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 72: donicum aut certe vicissent, aut victi manum dedissent, Nep. Ham. 1; cf. Caes. B. G. 5, 31; Cic. Att. 2, 22, 2; Ov. H. 4, 14; 17, 260; Verg. A. 11, 568; Lact. 5, 1, 3: brevi manu, immediately, without delay, Dig. 23, 3, 43, § 1: longā manu, slowly, tediously, ib. 46, 3, 79: manum tollere, to raise the hand in token of an intention to yield, to yield, submit: cedo et tollo manum, Cic. Fragm. ap. Lact. 3, 28: manus tollere, to raise the hands in token of admiration or astonishment, Cic. Ac. 2, 19, 63: manus tendere ad aliquem, less freq. alicui, to stretch out the hands to one to implore assistance, Caes. B. G. 2, 13; Cic. Font. 17, 38: quae Romanis manus tendebant, Caes. B. G. 7, 48: dextram Italiae, Cic. Phil. 10, 4, 9: manu sternere aliquem, with the sword, Verg. A. 9, 702: utrāque manu, with both hands, i. e. willingly, readily, Mart. 1, 16, 9: manus manum lavat, one hand washes the other, one helps the other, Sen. Apoc. 9 fin.; Petr. c. 45, 13; Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 80: manum non vertere, not to turn the hand, prov. for to take no pains, make no effort: qui se fatentur virtutis causā ne manum quidem versuros fuisse, Cic. Fin. 5, 31, 93; cf. App. Mag. p. 311. Transf. The hand as the instrument used in fight; hence, personal valor, bravery: ne usu manuque reliquorum opinionem fallent, Caes. B. C. 3, 86: manu fortissimus, Liv. 39, 40: manu fortis, Nep. Dat. 1, 3: manu vincere, Ov. M. 1, 448: manu capere urbes, by force of arms, Sall. J. 5, 5: manum committere Teucris, to fight, Verg. A. 12, 60; so, conserere manum, Liv. 21, 39; 25, 11; 27, 33: conferre manum, Liv. 10, 43; Verg. A. 12, 345: in proelia Ferre manum, id. ib. 5, 403; cf.: et vice teli saevit nuda manus, Juv. 15, 54.

Force, violence, fighting, close combat: res venit ad manus atque ad pugnam, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28: venire ad manum, Liv. 2, 30: accedere ad manum, Nep. Eum. 5: in manus venire, to come to an engagement, come to close quarters, Sall. J. 89, 2: pugna jam ad manus venerat, Liv. 2, 46: non manu, neque vi, force, violence, Sall. J. 31, 18; so Tac. Agr. 9.

Of the hand of an artist: manus extrema non accessit ejus operibus, the last hand, the finishing touch, Cic. Brut. 33, 126: aptius a summā conspiciare manu, when you have given yourself the finishing touch, i. e. have completed your toilet, Ov. A. A. 3, 225: carmen nondum recepit ultimam manum, has not yet received the last polish, Petr. 118.—Hence, extremam bello Imponere manum, to put the finishing hand to the war, to bring it to a close, Verg. A. 7, 573.—Prov.: manum de tabula, lit., the hand from the picture, i. e. enough, Cic. Fam. 7, 25, 1.

A hand, handwriting; in gen., work, workmanship: librarii manus, Cic. Att. 8, 13, 1: Alexidis manum amabam, quod tam prope accedebat ad similitudinem tuae litterae, id. ib. 7, 2, 3: manum suam cognovit, id. Cat. 3, 5, 12: propter emissam ab eis manum, Dig. 22, 3, 15: Praxitelis manus, Scopaeque, Mart. 4, 39, 3: artificum, Verg. A. 1, 455.

For pars, a side: est ad hanc manum sacellum, Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 37: a laeva conspicienda manu, Ov. A. A. 3, 307.

In throwing dice, a stake: quas manus remisi, to throw up the stakes, Aug. ap. Suet. Aug. 71.

In fencing, a thrust, hit, blow: rectae, aversae, tectaeque manus, Quint. 9, 1, 20: prima, secunda, tertia, quarta, the prime, second, tierce, quart, id. 5, 13, 54.

The trunk of an elephant: manus etiam data elephantis, Cic. N. D. 2, 47, 120; Curt. 8, 14, 27; Sil. 9, 628.

The fore-paws of bears, Plin. 8, 36, 54, § 130.

The branches on a tree: (platanus) cui lnnumerae manus, Stat. S. 2, 3, 39: fraxineae, Pall. Insit. 60.

In milit. lang.: ferreae manus, iron hooks with which an enemy's ship was grappled, grappling-irons: manus ferreas atque harpagones paraverant, Caes. B. C. 1, 57: in advenientes hostium naves ferreas manus inicere, Liv. 36, 44 fin.: manus ferreas excogitare, Front. Strat. 2, 3, 24; Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 209; Curt. 4, 9, 2; Aur. Vict. Vir. Ill. 38; Luc. 3, 635.

Also milit., an armed force, corps of soldiers: si nova manus cum veteribus copiis se conjunxisset, Caes. B. G. 1, 37: magnam manum conducere, id. ib. 5, 27: Hasdrubalem propediem affore cum manu haudquaquam contemnenda, Liv. 30, 7 fin.; id. 44, 27.

Beyond the milit. sphere, in gen., a body, host, number, company, multitude: Romam veniet cum magna manu, Cic. Att. 16, 11, 6: evocatorum, id. Fam. 15, 4, 3: manus ad Quirinalia paratur, id. Q. Fr. 2, 3, 4; cf.: manum facere, copias parare, id. Caecin. 12, 33: manus bonorum, id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 5, § 16: Judaeorum, id. Fl. 28, 66: conjuratorum, id. Cat. 1, 5, 12: bicorpor, i. e. the Centaurs, id. Tusc. 2, 9, 22: purpuratorum et satellitum, Liv. 42, 51: magna c