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Lewis : obeo

obeo, ŏbĕo, īvi or ĭi (obivi, Verg. A. 6, 801; Aus. Epit. 32, 4; Anthol. Lat. 4, 97, 1; contr. obit for obiit, Lucr. 3, 1042; Luc. 9, 189; Juv. 6, 559), ĭtum, 4 (lengthened form, obinunt obeunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 189 Müll.), v. n. and a. Neutr., to go or come to or towards, to come in, to go to meet, go against (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose). In gen.: donec vis obiit, until force intervene, Lucr. 1, 222: dum acris vis obeat, id. 1, 247: obit infera Perseus in loca, Cic. Arat. 465 (Grot. 718): ad omnes hostium conatus, to go to meet, to oppose, Liv. 31, 21.

In partic. Of constellations, to go down, to set: abditur Orion, obit et Lepus abditus umbrā, Cic. Arat. 46, 3 (Grot. 716); Stat. S. 2, 1, 210: an sidera obirent, nascerenturve, Plin. 2, 26, 24, § 95.—Of the sun: in reliquis orientis aut obeuntis solis partibus, Cic. Rep. 6, 20, 22: in undis Sol fit uti videatur obire et condere lumen, Lucr. 4, 433.—Hence, to pass by: tres noctes, Plaut. Truc. 1, 1, 11.

Pregn., to fall, perish (syn.: occido, pereo, occumbo). —Of cities: et Agamede obiit et Hiera, Plin. 5, 31, 39, § 139; id. 5, 29, 31, § 117.

—Hence, to die: malo cruciatu ut pereas atque obeas cito, Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 76; Lucr. 3, 1045; tecum vivere amem, tecum obeam libens, Hor. C. 3, 9, 24: simul se cum illis obituros, Liv. 5, 39, 13: gaudio, to die of joy, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 180: morbo, of a disease, id. 11, 37, 71, § 187; Vell. 2, 47, 2; 2, 102, 1; Tac. A. 3, 6; Suet. Aug. 63; id. Tib. 39; id. Ner. 3; Plin. Ep. 3, 7, 10; 6, 2, 5: voluntariā morte obiit, Suet. Galb. 3 fin.; Vell. 2, 8, 7; Eutr. 7, 17: morte subitā, id. 8, 15: repentinā morte, id. 10, 17; Ambros. Ep. 53, 3.

Act. (freq. and class.), to go or come to a thing or place. In gen.: Acherontem nunc obibo, Enn. ap. Paul. ex Fest. s. v. ob, p. 201 Müll. (Trag. v. 278 Vahl.): tantum restitisset urbis, quantum flamma obire non potuisset, to reach, Cic. Cat. 3, 10, 25.

In partic. To travel over or through; to wander through, traverse, visit: nec vero Alcides tantum telluris obivit, Verg. A. 6, 801: tantas regiones barbarorum pedibus obiit, Cic. Fin. 5, 29, 87: villas, to visit, id. Fam. 7, 1, 5: comitia, id. Att. 1, 4, 1: cenas, id. ib. 9, 13, 6.

To run over with the eyes, to survey, review: oculis exercitum, to survey, Plin. Ep. 3, 7, 13: omnia visu, Verg. A. 10, 447.—In speaking, to go over, mention, recount: oratione omnes civitates, to enumerate, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 51, § 125.

To go around, surround, overspread, envelop (poet.): chlamydem limbus obibat Aureus, Ov. M. 5, 51: clipeum, Verg. A. 10, 482.

To apply one's self to, to engage in, attend to any business or undertaking; to enter upon an office; to discharge, perform, execute, accomplish any thing: obeundi negotii studio tot loca adire, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 12, 34: hereditatum obeundarum causā, to enter upon, take possession of, id. Agr. 1, 3, 8: facinus, id. Cat. 1, 10, 26: pugnas, to engage in battle, Verg. A. 6, 167; Val. Fl. 3, 710: judicia, Cic. de Or. 1, 38, 173: legationem, to enter upon, undertake, id. Att. 15, 7; Nep. Dion. 1, 4: consularia munera, Liv. 2, 8: munus vigiliarum, id. 3, 6: publica ac privata officia, Just. 41, 3, 4: neque privatam rem ... neque publicam, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 17, 53: ne ad omnia simul obire unus non possit, Liv. 10, 25, 14: rusticum opus, Col. 12, 3: bella, Liv. 4, 7: sacra, id. 1, 20: imperia, to perform, execute, Stat. Achill. 1, 149.

To meet: vadimonium, to meet one's bail, appear at the appointed time, Cic. Quint. 17, 54: diem, to appear on the day appointed, id. Lael. 2, 7; id. Phil. 3, 8, 29; id. Att. 13, 14, 1: annum petitiones tuae, i. e. to be a candidate the first year the law permits, id. Fam. 10, 25.—Hence, diem suum obire, to die: ea diem suom obiit, Plaut. Cist. 1, 3, 27; Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12, 2; Gell. 6, 8, 6; so, diem supremum, Nep. Milt. 7, 6; and simply, diem, Suet. Vesp. 1: mortem, Plaut. Aul. prol. 15; Cic. Phil. 5, 17, 48; hence, in the pass.: morte obitā (sc. ob rem publicam), id. Sest. 38, 83.—Hence, P. a. (anteand post-class.): ŏbĭtus, a, um, for mortuus, dead, Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. p. 869 P.: obiti, the dead: obitis libatione profunditur, App. de Mund. p. 68: OBITAE, Inscr. Orell. 2673.