Close Window

Lewis : opprimo

opprimo opprĭmo (obp-), essi, essum, 3, v. a. ob-premo, to press against, press together; to press down (class.; syn. obruo). Lit.: voluit deus ora loquentis Opprimere, to close, Ov. M. 3, 295: oculos, to press together, i. e. close the eyes, sc. of a dying person, Val. Max. 2, 6, 8: fauces manu, Suet. Calig. 12: flammam in ore, to repress, Enn. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 54, 122 (Trag. v. 437 Vahl.).

To press down: taleam pede, to press into the ground, Cato, R. R. 45; Plaut. Ps. 5, 1, 27: opprimi ruinā conclavis, to be crushed, Cic. Div. 2, 8, 20: terrā oppressus, id. ib. 2, 23, 51: classem, to sink, id. Imp. Pomp. 12, 33: senem injectu multae vestis, to smother, stifle, Tac. A. 6, 50; so, dormiens oppressit eum, Vulg. 3 Reg. 3, 19; Varr. R. R. 2, 4, 14.

Transf.: oppressit jaculo redeuntem ad frena leonem, struck down, Val. Fl. 3, 24.

Trop. To press together; to close, shut: os opprime, shut your mouth! hold your tongue! Plaut. As. 3, 2, 40; Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 93.

To press or bear down: opprimi onere, Cic. Rosc. Am. 4.

To put down, suppress, quell, check, quash: quae oratio a censore opprimenda est, Cic. Fin. 2, 10, 30: sine tumultu rem omnem oppressere, Liv. 2, 4: tumultum, id. 31, 11: fraudem, to baffle, thwart, id. 26, 6; Vulg. Lev. 24, 16.

To overthrow, overwhelm, crush, overpower, prostrate, subdue: reliquias hujus belli, Cic. Fam. 10, 20, 3: Graeciam, Nep. Them. 8, 2: nationem, Cic. Font. 12, 36: invidiam acerbitate, Nep. Dion. 6: libertatem, to put an end to, destroy, id. Alcib. 3, 3: ut exstinctae potius amicitiae, quam oppressae esse videantur, Cic. Lael. 21, 78: aliquem iniquo judicio, id. Quint. 2, 7: intolerandam potentiam, to overthrow, id. Rosc. Am. 13, 36: aliquem, to crush one with false accusations, Liv. 2, 52; cf.: insontem oblato falso crimine, id. 1, 51: quaestionem, id. 26, 15: si oppressa foret secura senectus (i. e. securus senex), Juv. 10, 75: litteras, to utter indistinctly, to mumble, Cic. Off. 1, 37, 133.—In gen., to have the upper hand, get the best of it, be victorious, Plaut. Mil. 4, 5, 10.

To load, overwhelm, bear down, overcome: opprimi aere alieno, Cic. Cat. 2, 4, 8: mvidiā, id. ib. 2, 2, 4: totius corporis doloribus, id. Fam. 9, 14, 3: metu, Liv. 24, 33: timore, Caes. B. G. 4, 15: senatus oppressus et afflictus, Cic. Red. in Sen. 7, 18.

To fall upon, surprise, take by surprise, come upon unexpectedly, seize, catch (syn.: adorior, invado): occasionem opprimere, to seize, embrace, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 15: imprudentem, Ter. And. 1, 3, 22: incautos, Liv. 26, 12: Antonium mors oppressit, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 91, § 213: ne subito a me opprimantur (sc. interrogando), id. ib. 2, 4, 67, § 150: oppressi luce copias instruunt, Auct. B. G. 8, 14: rostra, to make one's self master of, occupy, Cic. Clu. 40, 110.

To bury, hide, conceal, suppress: quod quo studiosius ab ipsis opprimitur et absconditur, eo magis eminet et apparet, Cic. Rosc. Am. 41, 121: iram, Sall. J. 72, 1: ita ejus rei oppressa mentio est, Liv. 23, 22: infamiam, Just. 12, 13, 10.

To force a woman, commit a rape upon (late Lat.), Vulg. 2 Reg. 13, 12; 14, 32; id. Gen. 34, 2; id. Ezech. 2, 2; 11.