Close Window

Lewis : Palatium

Palatium Pălātĭum (Pāl- or Pall-, Mart. 1, 70, 5; 9, 102, 13), ĭi, n., = Παλάτιον, Παλλάντιον [root pa-, to protect, nourish; Sanscr. pala, shepherd; cf. Gr. αἰ-πόλος οἰο-πόλος ; Lat. pasco], one of the seven hills of Rome, that which was first built upon, Varr. L. L. 5, § 53 Müll.; cf.: Palatium id est mons Romae, appellatus est, quod ibi pecus pascens balare consueverit, vel quod palare, id est errare, ibi pecudes solerent; alii, quod ibi Hyperborei filia Palanto habitaverit, quae ex Hercule Latinum peperit, alii eundem, quod Pallas ibi sepultus sit, aestimant appellari, Fest. p. 220 Müll.—Augustus had his residence on the Palatine; hence, since the Aug. period, Transf.: pălātĭum, ii, n., a palace: palatia fulgent, Ov. A. A. 3, 119: secreta palatia matris, the temple of Cybele, Juv. 9, 23: magni palatia caeli, the palace of the sky (of the seat of Jupiter), Ov. M. 1, 176; Vulg. 3 Reg. 16, 18 et saep.

Deriv. Pălātīnus (Pāl- or Pall-, Mart. 8, 39, 1; 9, 24, 1; 9, 79, 2; 9, 86, 7; 11, 8, 5; 13, 91, 1), a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Palatium, Palatine: pastores, Varr. L. L. 5, § 54 Müll.: Evander, Verg. A. 9, 9: colles, Ov. M. 15, 560: aves, the vultures which Remus saw on the Palatium, id. F. 5, 152: Apollo, so called because he had a temple on the Palatine Hill, built by Augustus, in which also was a library founded by him, Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 17; Suet. Aug. 29: dei, Mart. 5, 19, 4: ludi, which Livia caused to be celebrated in honor of Augustus, Suet. Calig. 56: colossus, the colossal statue of Nero, on the Palatium, Mart. 8, 60, 1; cf. Suet. Ner. 31; id. Vesp. 18: Palatina pars urbis, the tenth region, also called simply Palatina, Plin. 18, 3, 3, § 13: Palatina tribus, one of the four city tribes: Calvu' Palatina vir nobilis ac bonu' bello, Lucil. ap. Non. 462, 28: C. Claudius C. F. Palatina, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 43, § 107; Inscr. Grut. 36, 11 et saep.—Subst.: Pălātīni,ōrum, m., the people of the Palatine Mount, Col. 1, 3, 7.

Transf., of or belonging to the imperial palace, imperial: palatina laurus, which stood in front of the imperial palace, Ov. F. 4, 953: atriensis, Suet. Calig. 57: domus, id. Aug. 29: cubile, Juv. 6, 117: officia, offices about the court, Aur. Vict. Ep. 14 fin.; Treb. Gall. 17.—As subst.: Pălātīnus, i, m., an officer of the palace, a chamberlain: Parthenius palatinus, Domitian's chamberlain, Mart. 4, 45, 2; cf. id. 8, 28: Tonans, i. e. Domitian, id. 9, 40, 1.