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Lewis : pecco

pecco, pecco, āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and a. [often referred to Sanscr. pāpa, pāpaka, wicked; but better to root pik-, to be angry; cf.: piget, pigeo, and Fick, Vergl. Wört. 632], to miss or mistake any thing; to do amiss, to transgress, to commit a fault, to offend, sin: peccare est tamquam transilire lineas, Cic. Par. 3, 1, 20: alius magis alio vel peccat vel recte facit, id. Fin. 3, 14, 48; id. Or. 47, 157: peccare largiter, to make a great mistake, Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 8; id. Ep. 3, 4, 53.—With acc.: si unam peccavisses syllabam, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 29: aliquid, to offend in any respect: plura in aliquā re, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 44: Empedocles multa alia peccat, Cic. N. D. 1, 12, 29: eadem fere, id. ib. 1, 12, 31: talia peccandi jam mihi finis erit, Ov. P. 3, 7, 10.—With in and acc.: si quid in te peccavi . . . in me ipsum peccavi vehementius, Cic. Att. 3, 15, 4: in rem publicam, id. ib. 7, 1, 3 (al. in re publicā).—With erga aliquem, Plaut. Aul. 4, 10, 62.—In aliquo or in aliquā re: quod in eo (Valerio) peccandi Germanis causa non esset, Caes. B. G. 1, 47: in servo necando semel peccatur, Cic. Par. 3, 2, 25: in hoc eodem peccat Hieronymus, id. Fin. 2, 10, 32: non modo in vitā sed saepissime et in poëmatis et in oratione peccatur, id. Or. 21, 70.—With abl. alone: et pecuniā et mollibus consultis, Tac. A. 1, 40: libidine, Juv. 6, 135.—With dat. of person (late Lat.): Domino, Vulg. Deut. 1, 41; id. 2 Reg. 12, 13.—De aliquă re, Caecil. ap. Gell. 2, 23, 13.

In partic., of sexual sin: quid inter-Est in matronā, ancillā, peccesve togatā? Hor. S. 1, 2, 63; Ov. H. 16, 295; Mart. 1, 35, 2.

Transf., of animals and inanim. things, to fail, miscarry: ne Peccet (equus) ad extremum ridendus, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 9: unus de toto peccaverat orbe comarum Anulus, Mart. 2, 66, 1: si senseris vina peccatura, Pall. 11, 14.—Hence, peccans, antis, P. a., sinful, full of sin: unus dies bene actus peccanti immortalitati anteponendus, Cic. Tusc. 5, 2, 5.

Comp.: peccantius, more faulty, worse, Cael. Aur. Acut. 3, 8, 88.

As subst.: peccans, antis, comm., an offender, sinner: non prodest latere peccantibus. Sen. Ep. 97, 13: peccantium poena, id. ib. 97, 14: ad officium peccantes redire cogeret, Nep. Ages. 5, 3.—Adv.: peccanter, wrongly, incorrectly, falsely, Cael. Aur. Acut. 2, 9, 40: definire aliquid, id. ib. 3, 1, 5.