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Lewis : percutio

percutio, percŭtĭo, cussi, cussum, 3 (perf. contr. percusti for percussisti, Hor. S. 2, 3, 273), v. a. quatio. (With the notion of the per predominating.) To strike through and through, to thrust or pierce through (syn.: percello, transfigo). Lit.: percussus cultello, Varr. R. R. 1, 69, 2: gladio percussus, Cic. Mil. 24, 65: Mamilio pectus percussum, Liv. 2, 19, 8: coxam Aeneae, Juv. 15, 66: vena percutitur, a vein is opened, blood is let, Sen. Ep. 70, 13: fossam, to cut through, dig a trench, Front. Strat. 3, 17; Plin. Ep. 10, 50, 4.

Transf., to slay, kill (class.; cf.: neco, perimo, ico, ferio): aliquem securi, to behead, Cic. Pis. 34, 84; id. Fin. 1, 7, 23: collum percussa securi Victima, Ov. Tr. 4, 2, 5; Liv. 39, 43: aliquem veneno, App. M. 10, p. 252, 21: hostem, Suet. Calig. 3; Ov. H. 4, 94.—Hence, percutere foedus, to make a league, conclude a treaty (because an animal was slaughtered on the occasion; only post-Aug. for ferio, ico), Auct. B. Alex. 44: cum Albanis foedus percussit, Just. 42, 3, 4; 43, 5, 10; Vulg. 3 Reg. 5, 12.

(With the idea of the verb predominating.) To strike, beat, hit, smite, shoot, etc. (cf.: ico, pulso, ferio). Lit. In gen. (class.): ceu lapidem si Percutiat lapis aut ferrum, Lucr. 6, 162: cum Cato percussus esset ab eo, qui arcam ferebat, had been struck, Cic. de Or. 2, 69, 279: januam manu, Tib. 1, 5, 68; 1, 6, 3: turres de caelo percussae, struck with lightning, Cic. Cat. 3, 8, 19; cf.: hunc nec Juppiter fulmine percussit, id. N. D. 3, 35, 84: percussus ab aspide calcatā, stung, bitten, Plin. 23, 1, 27, § 56; cf.: PERCVSSVS A VIPERA, Inscr. Vermigl. Iscriz. Perug. p. 319; Plin. 28, 3, 6, § 30; 28, 4, 10, § 44: color percussus luce refulgit, struck, Lucr. 2, 799; cf. Ov. M. 6, 63; Val. Fl. 1, 495: auriculae (voce) percussae, Prop. 1, 16, 28: percussus vocibus circus, Sil. 16, 398.—Neutr.: sol percussit super caput, Vulg. Jonae, 4, 8.

In partic. To strike, stamp, coin money (post-Aug.): ut nummum argenteum notā sideris Capricorni percusserit, Suet. Aug. 94; id. Ner. 25.

To strike, play a musical instrument (poet.): lyram, Ov. Am. 3, 12, 40; Val. Fl. 5, 100.

As t. t. in weaving, to throw the shuttle with the woof: (lacernae) male percussae textoris pectine Galli, badly or coarsely woven, Juv. 9, 30.

Haec meraclo se percussit flore Libyco (=vino Mareotico), to get drunk, Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 16 (cf.: sauciare se flore Liberi, Enn. ap. Fulg. 562, 25).

Trop. To smite, strike, visit with calamity of any kind (class.): percussus calamitate, Cic. Mur. 24, 49: percussus fortunae vulnere, id. Ac. 1, 3, 11: ruina, Vulg. Zach. 14, 18: anathemate. id. Mal. 4, 6: plaga, id. 1 Macc. 1, 32: in stuporem, id. Zach. 12, 4.

To strike, shock, make an impression upon, affect deeply, move, astound (class.): percussisti me de oratione prolatā, Cic. Att. 3, 12, 3; id. Mil. 29, 79: audivi ex Gavio, Romae esse hominem, et fuisse assiduum: percussit animum, it struck me, made me suspicious, id. Att. 4, 8, b, 3: animos probabilitate, id. Tusc. 5, 11, 33: percussus atrocissimis litteris, id. Fam. 9, 25, 3: fragor aurem percutit, Juv. 11, 98.

To cheat, deceive, impose upon one (class.): aliquem probe, Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 9: hominem eruditum, Cic. Fl. 20, 46: hominem strategemate, id. Att. 5, 2, 2: aliquem palpo, to flatter, Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 28.

(Acc. to II. A. 2. a.) To strike, stamp (post-Aug.): facta dictaque tua unā formā percussa sunt, Sen. Ep. 34, 3.