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Lewis : peregrinus

peregrinus, pĕrĕgrīnus, a, um, adj. peregre, that comes from foreign parts, strange, foreign, exotic (cf.: exter, externus). Lit. In gen. Adj.: ad portum mittunt servulos, ancillulas: peregrina navis, etc., Plaut. Men. 2, 2, 65: facies, id. Ps. 4, 2, 9: homo, id. Poen. 5, 2, 71: mulier, Hor. C. 3, 3, 20: caelum, Ov. Tr. 4, 8, 25: amnes, id. M. 8, 836: arbores, Plin. 15, 13, 12, § 43: aves, id. 9, 17, 29, § 63: morbus, id. 26, 10, 64, § 100: eluamus hodie peregrina omnia, Plaut. Stich. 5, 2, 19 (668 Ritschl): labor, i. e. of travelling, Cat. 31, 8: amores, for foreign women, Ov. H. 9, 47: fasti, of foreign nations, id. F. 3, 87: divitiae, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 204: mores, Juv. 6, 298: terror, of a foreign enemy, Liv. 3, 16: velut peregrinum otium alicui permittere, almost the leisure of a stranger, Tac. A. 14, 53: peregrina sacra appellantur, quae coluntur eorum more, a quibus sunt accepta, Fest. p. 237 Müll.

Subst.: pĕrĕgrīnus, i, m., a foreigner, stranger (very freq. and class.; syn.: hospes, advena, alienigena; opp. civis): peregrinus ego sum, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 58: peregrini atque advenae, Cic. Agr. 2, 34, 94: peregrini et incolae officium est, id. Off. 1, 34: peregrini reges, id. Sull. 7, 22: ne in nostrā patriā peregrini atque advenae esse videamur, id. de Or. 1, 58, 249.

pĕrĕgrīna, ae, f., a foreign woman (poet.), Ter. And. 1, 1, 119; 3, 1, 11.

Subst., in partic., opp. to a Roman citizen, a foreign resident, an alien: neque civem, neque peregrinum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 35, § 77: peregrinus fit is, cui aquā et igni interdictum est, Regul. tit. 11; Dig. 28, 5, 6.

As adj.: praetor, who decided causes between foreign residents, Dig. 1, 2, 2; cf. Liv. 21, 15; 45, 16: peregrinus ager est, qui neque Romanus, neque hosticus habetur, Fest. p. 245 Müll.; cf.: agrorum sunt genera quinque, Romanus, Gabinus, peregrinus, hosticus, incertus, etc., Varr. L. L. 5, § 33 Müll.: peregrini milites, Roman troops who were not Roman citizens, Inscr. Orell. 3467 sq.; their quarters in Rome were called, after them, CASTRA PEREGRINA, and were situated in the second region, by the modern S. Stefano Rotondo, ib. 9; cf. Marin. Atti dei Frat. Arv. p. 434 sq.: provincia, Liv. 40, 44.

Trop., strange, raw, inexperienced (class.): nullā in re tironem ac rudem, nec peregrinum atque hospitem in agendo esse, Cic. de Or. 1, 50, 218; id. Att. 6, 3, 4.