Close Window

Lewis : Persae

Persae, Persae, ārum, m., = Πέρσαι, the Persians, originally the inhabitants of the country of Persis, afterwards of the great kingdom of Persia, Plaut. Curc. 3, 1, 72; Cic. Rep. 3, 9, 15; id. Tusc. 1, 45, 108; id. Brut. 10, 41; id. Off. 3, 11, 48 et saep.—In sing. in the Gr. form: Perses, ae, m. (ante- and post-class. Persa), Cic. Tusc. 1, 42, 101; id. Rep. 1, 27, 43; Quint. 3, 7, 21; Nep. Reg. 1, 4; Curt. 6, 2, 11; Vulg. Dan. 13, 65.—Form Persa, Plaut. Pers. 4, 5, 4; Amm. 23, 6, 79; Veg. Mil. 3 epil.; Ven. Fort. Carm. 5, 6, 208. —Also, the name of a comedy by Plautus, the Persian.— Transf. Persia: in Persas est profectus, to the Persians, i. e. to Persia, Nep. Pelop. 4 fin.— Poet., the Parthians, Hor. C. 1, 2, 22; 3, 5, 4.—Hence, Persis, ĭdis, f., the country of Persis, between Caramania, Media, and Susiana, now Fars or Farsistan, Mel. 1, 2, 4; 3, 8, 5; Curt. 5, 4, 4 sqq.; Verg. G. 4, 290; Nep. Them. 10, 1; Ov. A. A. 1, 225; Luc. 2, 258. —In the Lat. form: Persĭa, ae, f., Persia, Plaut. Pers. 4, 3, 28.

Adj., Persian (poet.): rates, Ov. A. A. 1, 172.—Subst., a Persian woman, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 51.

Persĭcus, a, um, adj., Persian, Persic: mare, Mel. 1, 2, 1; Plin. 6, 13, 16, § 41; 6, 26, 29, § 114: sinus, id. 6, 26, 29, § 115: regna, Juv. 14, 328: portus, in the Eubœan Sea, where the Persian fleet was stationed, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 248 and 256; cf. Fest. p. 217 Müll.: Persica malus, a peach-tree, Macr. S. 2, 15; also called Persica arbor, Plin. 13, 9, 17, § 60: Persici apparatus, poet. for splendid, luxurious, Hor. C. 1, 38, 1.—Absol.: Per-sĭcus, i, f., a peach-tree, Col. 5, 10, 20; 9, 4, 3; Pall. 1, 3.—Hence, subst. Persĭ-cum, i, n., a peach, Plin. 15, 11, 12, § 42; Mart. 13, 46.

Persĭcē, ēs, f. (Gr Περσική ): porticus, lit. a portico in Lacedœmon, built out of spoils taken from the Persians; hence, a gallery in Brutus's country-seat, named after it, Cic. Att. 15, 9, 1.

Per-sĭca, ōrum, n., Persian history: ex Dionis Persicis, Cic. Div. 1, 23, 46.—Adv.: Persĭcē, in Persian: loqui, Quint. 11, 2, 50.