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Lewis : plaga

plaga, plāga, ae, f. cf. plango, = πληγή, a blow, stroke, wound, stripe (class.; syn.: ictus, verbera, vulnus). Lit. In gen., Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 51, § 134: (pueris) dant animos plagae, Verg. A. 7, 382; Ov. M. 12, 487; 13, 119; Gell. 5, 15, 7: plagae et vulnera, Tac. G. 7.—Of the shock of atoms striking together, Cic. Fat. 20, 48; cf. id. ib. 10, 22.

In partic., a blow which wounds or injures; a stroke, cut, thrust; a wound (class.). Absol.: plagis costae callent, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 4: quem irrigatum plagis pistori dabo, refreshed by a flogging, id. Ep. 1, 2, 18: plagas pati, Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 13: plagas perferre, to bear, receive blows, Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 41: plagam accipere, id. Sest. 19, 44: plagam mortiferam infligere, to inflict a mortal wound, id. Vatin. 8, 20: plaga mediocris pestifera, id. Off. 1, 24, 84: verbera et plagas repraesentare, stripes and blows, Suet. Vit. 10: plagis confectus, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 54, § 140: flagelli plaga livorem facit, Vulg. Ecclus. 28, 21: plagam curare, Cels. 5, 26, 24: suere, id. 5, 26, 23.

With gen.: scorpionum et canum plagas sanare, Plin. H. N. 23 prooem. 3, § 6.

Transf., a welt, scar, stripe: etiam de tergo ducentas plagas praegnatis dabo, swollen welts, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 10.

Trop. A blow, stroke; an injury, misfortune (class.): illa plaga est injecta petitioni tuae maxima, that great blow was given, that great obstacle was presented, Cic. Mur. 23, 48: sic nec oratio plagam gravem facit, nisi, etc., makes a deep impression, id. Or. 68, 228: levior est plaga ab amico, quam a debitore, loss, injury, id. Fam. 9, 16, 7: hac ille perculsus plaga non succubuit, blow, disaster, Nep. Eum. 5.

A plague, pestilence, infection (late Lat.): leprae, Vulg. Lev. 13, 2; id. 2 Reg. 24, 25.

An affliction, annoyance (late Lat.), Vulg. Deut. 7, 19: caecitatis, id. Tob. 2, 13.

Slaughter, destruction (late Lat.): percussit eos plagā magnā, Vulg. 1 Reg. 23, 5; id. 2 Reg. 17, 9.