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Lewis : praedico

praedico, praedīco, xi, ctum, 3, v. a., to say or mention before or beforehand, to premise. In gen. (mostly post-Aug.; cf. praefor), Ter. And. 4, 4, 54: hoc primum in hac re praedico tibi, id. ib. 1, 1, 19: Davus dudum praedixit mihi, id. ib. 5, 1, 21; 1, 2, 34; Quint. 4, 2, 57: tria, quae praediximus, have mentioned before, id. 3, 6, 89; 2, 4, 24: praedicta ratio, id. 8, 6, 52: ratio ejus in medicinā similis praedictis. Plin. 33, 13, 37, § 136; Plin. Ep. 4, 14, 8.

In partic. To foretell, predict; to forebode (class.): defectiones solis et lunae multo ante praedicere, Cic. Sen. 14, 49; so, eclipsim, Plin. 2, 12, 9, § 53: futura, Cic. Div. 1, 1, 2; Petr. 137 fin.: nihil adversi accidit non praedicente me, that I had not predicted, id. Fam. 6, 6: aliquid, Sen. Q. N. 2, 32, 5: malum hoc nobis De caelo tactas memini praedicere quercus, Verg. E. 1, 17: hos luctus, id. A. 3, 713.

To give notice or warning of, to appoint, fix (mostly post-Aug.), Naev. ap. Non. 197, 16: ubi praetor reo atque accusatoribus diem praedixisset, Tac. A. 2, 79: praedictā die, id. ib. 11, 27: insula Batavorum in quam convenirent praedicta, id. ib. 2, 6; cf. Plin. 10, 23, 31, § 61: praedicta hora, Suet. Claud. 8.

To say what one should do, to advise, warn, admonish, inform, charge, command (class.; syn.: praecipio, moneo); usually constr. with ut or ne: Pompeius suis praedixerat, ut, etc., Caes. B. C. 3, 92; Nep. Them. 7, 3; Liv. 2, 10, 4; 22, 60; 39, 19, 2: ei visam esse Junonem praedicere, ne id faceret, Cic. Div. 1, 24, 48; Liv. 10, 41: praedixit, ne destinatum iter peterent, Vell. 2, 82, 2; Tac. A. 13, 36; cf. in the abl. absol.: praedicto, ne in re publicā haberetur, id. ib. 16, 33.—With acc.: unum illud tibi ... Praedicam, Verg. A. 3, 436; cf. with an obj.-clause: Mummius jussit praedici conducentibus, si eas (statuas) perdidissent, novas eos reddituros, Vell. 1, 13, 4; absol. of a physician, Curt. 3, 6, 3.

To proclaim, announce at an auction, etc. (cf. 1. praedico, I. A.): si in auctione praedictum est, ne, etc., Gai. Inst. 4, 126.—Hence, praedictus, a, um, P. a., previously named, before mentioned, preceding: vicina praedictae sed amplior virtus est, Quint. 8, 3, 83: nomen, id. 9, 3, 66: posterior ex praedictis locus, id. 2, 4, 24; 10, 1, 74: simul pedes, eques, classis aput praedictum amnem convenere, Tac. A. 1, 60; Plin. 10, 23, 31, § 76.—praedictum, i, n. (Acc. to II. A.) A foretelling, prediction (class.; syn. praesagium): Chaldaeorum praedicta, Cic. Div. 2, 42, 89: astrologorum, id. ib. 2, 42, 88: vatum, id. Leg. 2, 12, 30; Verg. A. 4, 464: haruspicis, Suet. Oth. 6; Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 24: deorum, Val. Fl. 4, 460.

(Acc. to II. C.) An order, command (Livian): praedictum erat dictatoris ne quid absente eo rei gereret, Liv. 23, 19, 5.

An agreement, concert: velut ex praedicto, Liv. 33, 6, 8.