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Lewis : praemium

praemium, praemĭum, ii, n. prae-emo, what one has got before or better than others (class.). Profit derived from booty, booty (poet.; cf. praeda; and: avorti praedam ab hostibus. Pen. Heus, ecqua in istac pars inest praemi mihi? Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 26): multaque praeterea Laurentis praemia pugnae Aggerat, et longo praedam jubet ordine duci, Verg. A. 11, 78 sq.; rapta praemia veste ferre, Tib. 1, 2, 25; cf. Tac. H. 1, 51: ferre ad patrios praemia dira Lares, Prop. 2, 23, 67 (3, 28, 22): spectat sua praemia raptor, Ov. M. 6, 518; 13, 414: tam dirae praemia culpae, Juv. 8, 119.—Also, game killed, prey, Prop. 3, 11 (4, 12), 46; Hor. Epod. 2, 36; Val. Fl. 8, 253.—Poet.: raptae virginitatis, Ov. M. 8, 850.

Transf. In gen., profit, advantage, prerogative, distinction (class.), Lucr. 3, 899; 956; 5, 5; cf. poet.: Veneris, i. e. children (the Greek δῶρα Ἀφροδίτης ), Verg. A. 4, 33: absens factus aedilis, continuo praetor: licebat enim celerius legis praemio, Cic. Ac. 2, 1, 1.

In partic., reward, recompense (the predom. signif. of the word; syn.: munus, donum): sapiens virtuti honorem praemium, haud praedam petit, Enn. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 102 (Trag. v. 374 Vahl.): ecquid erit praemi, reward, id. ap. Cic. Sen. 1, 1 (Ann. v. 341 ib.): donum et praemium, Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 27: legibus praemia proposita sunt virtutibus, Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 247: persuadere alicui magnis praemiis et pollicitationibus, Caes. B. G. 3, 18: praemiis ad perdiscendum commoveri, Cic. de Or. 1, 4, 13: praemia alicui dare pro re aliquā, id. Mur. 4, 8: praemio afficere aliquem, to reward, Quint. 3, 6, 42: augere, Tac A. 1, 42: inducere, Sall. J. 13, 8: illicere, id. ib. 97, 3: invitare, Cic. Lig. 4, 12: elicere ad faciendum aliquid, id. Balb. 16: evocare, Quint. 1, 1, 20: praemium persolvere alicui, to give, Cic. Cael. 29, 68: reddere alicui pro re aliquā, Cat. 64, 157: rependere, Stat. Th. 9, 50: proponere, to propose, offer, Caes. B. C. 1, 17: consequi, to obtain, id. B. G. 1, 42; so, tollere, Juv. 6, 321: promittens, si sibi praemio foret, se Arpos proditurum esse, if he were rewarded, Liv. 24, 45.—Ironic.: cape praemia facti, reward, for punishment, Ov. M. 8, 503: tibi pro scelere, Di ... praemia reddant Debita, Verg. A. 2, 537.

A bribe: ut somno careas ponendaque praemia sumas, Juv. 3, 56.

Transf., an act deserving a reward, an exploit, Verg. A. 12, 437.