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Lewis : profundo

profundo, prōfundo, fūdi, fūsum, 3, v. a., to pour out or forth, to shed copiously, to cause to flow (class.). Lit.: sanguinem suum profundere omnem cupit, dummodo profusum hujus ante videat, Cic. Clu. 6, 18: sanguinem pro patriā, id. Fin. 2, 19, 60; 2, 30, 97: vim lacrimarum, id. Rep. 6, 14, 14: lacrimas oculis, Verg. A. 12, 154; Ov. M. 9, 679; 7, 91; Sen. Med. 541: sanguinem ex oculis, Plin. 10, 60, 79, § 164: aquam, Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 29: vinum, id. Curc. 1, 1, 92: vina deo tamquam sitienti, Lact. 2, 4, 13; 6, 1, 5: aquas sub mensas, Plin. 28, 2, 5, § 26. —With se, to burst or gush forth: lacrimae se subito profuderunt, Cic. Ac. 11, 7, 6.

Transf. To stretch at full length, to prostrate (poet.): cum somnus membra profudit, Lucr. 4, 757: praecipites profusae in terram, id. 6, 744.—Mid.: profusus, abjectus jacens. Pacuvius: profusus gemitu, murmure, stretched at full length, Paul. ex Fest. p. 228 Müll. (Trag. Rel. v. 321 Rib.).

To pour or cast out, bring forth, produce (class.): posticā parte profudit, Lucil. ap. Non. 217, 16: (puerum) ex alvo matris natura profudit, Lucr. 5, 225: sonitus, id. 6, 401: ignes, id. 6, 210: omnia ex ore, id. 6, 6: pectore voces, to pour forth, utter, Cat. 64, 202: vocem, Cic. Tusc. 2, 23, 56: clamorem, id. Fl. 6, 15; id. Leg. 1, 8, 25: voces, Cat. 64, 202: vitia, Suet. Tib. 42: dolorem, Vop. Aur. 1: palmites, Col. 5, 5, 17.

With se, to pour forth, rush forth or out; of bees: cum se nova profundent examina, Col. 9, 3; of archers: omnis multitudo sagittariorum se profudit, Caes. B. C. 3, 93; of luxuriant plants: ea, quae se nimium profuderunt, have shot out, sent out shoots, Cic. de Or. 2, 21, 88: profundit se supra modum numerus palmitum, Col. 7, 24, 4.

Trop., to cast or throw away: ventis verba profundere, Lucr. 4, 931: quae si non profundere ac perdere videbor, Cic. Fam. 5, 5, 17.

In partic. To throw away. In a bad sense, spend uselessly; to lavish, dissipate, squander: profundat, perdat, pereat, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 54; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 67, § 155: patrimonia, id. Cat. 2, 5, 10: pecunias in res, id. Off. 2, 16, 55.

In a good sense, to spend, sacrifice: non modo pecuniam, sed vitam etiam profundere pro patriā, Cic. Off. 1, 24, 84.

Esp., of life, to yield, give up: animam, Cic. Marc. 10, 32: si pateretur natura, vel denas animas profundere praestabat in pugnā, quam, etc., Amm. 26, 10, 13: spiritum in acie, Val. Max. 6, 3, 3.

To pour out, vent; to expend, exert, employ; to set forth, show, explain: odium in aliquem, Cic. Pis. 7, 16: omnes profudi vires animi atque ingenii mei, id. Att. 1, 18, 2: res universas, to set forth, explain, id. Ac. 2, 27, 87.

With se, to pour itself forth, i. e. to rush forth, break out: voluptates cum inclusae diutius, subito se nonnumquam profundunt atque eiciunt universae, Cic. Cael. 31, 75: si totum se ille in me profudisset, had wholly poured himself out to me, had been liberal, id. Att. 7, 3, 3: in questus flebiles sese in vestibulo curiae profuderunt, Liv. 23, 20, 5.—Hence, prŏ-fūsus, a, um, P. a. Lit., spread out, extended, hanging down (ante- and postclass.): cauda profusa usque ad calces, Varr. R. R. 2, 5.—Comp.: equi coma et cauda profusior, longer, Pall. 4, 13.

Trop. Lavish, extravagant, profuse (class.; cf. prodigus): perditus ac profusus nepos, Cic. Quint. 12, 40: reus, id. Verr. 2, 1, 7, § 20.—With gen.: alieni appetens, sui profusus, lavish of his own, Sall. C. 5, 4.—With in and abl.: simul ad jacturam temporis ventum est, profusissimi in eo, cujus unius honesta avaritia est, Sen. Brev. Vit. 3, 2.—Of things abstr. and concr.: profusis sumptibus vivere, Cic. Quint. 30, 93: profusa luxuria in aedificiis, Vell. 2, 33, 4.

In a good sense, liberal (poet.): mens profusa, Stat. S. 3, 1, 91: homo, Mart. 8, 38, 11.

Costly, expensive: amare profusas epulas, Cic. Mur. 36, 76: convivia, Suet. Tit. 7.

Immoderate, excessive, extravagant: profusa hilaritas, Cic. Tusc. 4, 7, 15: genus jocandi, id. Off. 1, 29, 103: cupido, Tac. H. 1, 52.—Sup.: profusissima libido, Suet. Claud. 53.—Adv.: prŏfūsē. Lit., lavishly, extravagantly, profusely (post-Aug.): aedes profuse exstructa, at an immoderate expense, Suet. Aug. 72.—Sup.: festos et solemnes dies profusissime celebrabat, Suet. Aug. 75.

Trop. In disorder, confusedly: consul obstitit profuse tendentibus suis in castra, Liv. 10, 36.

Immoderately, excessively: profuse prolixeque laudare, Gell. 5, 1, 2.—Comp.: eo profusius sumptui deditus erat, Sall. C. 13, 5.