Close Window

Lewis : qualis

qualis, quālis, e, pron. adj. quis; kindr. with Gr. πη-λίκος· Goth. huc-leik; Germ. welcher, how constituted, of what sort, kind, or nature, what kind of a (class.). Interrog.: qualine amico mea commendavi bona? Call. Probo, et fideli, et fido, Plaut. Trin. 4, 4, 3: qualis oratoris et quanti hominis in dicendo putas esse historiam scribere? Cic. de Or. 2, 12, 51: quali fide, quali pietate existimatis eos esse, qui, etc., Cic. Font. 10, 21: qualis est istorum oratio? what kind of a speech is that? id. Ac. 2, 14, 44 — In exclamations: hei mihi, qualis erat! Verg. A. 2, 274; Enn. ap. Serv. ad loc. (Ann. v. 7 Vahl.): O Romule, Romule, dic, qualem te patriae custodem di genuerunt! Enn. ap. Cic. Rep. 1, 41, 64 (Ann. v. 116 Vahl.).

In indirect questions: nam cogitato, qualem haberes gratiam (si, etc.), Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 54: ego te qualis sis scio, id. Aul. 2, 2, 40; Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 20: ipsius rei natura qualis et quanta sit quaerimus, Cic. Tusc. 3, 23, 56: qualis esset natura montis, cognoscere, Caes. B. G. 1, 21: doce me quales sint corpore, what sort of a body they have, Cic. N. D. 1, 23, 65.

Rel., with or without the correlative talis, so constituted, of such a sort, kind, or nature, such as, as: ut qualem te jam antea populo Romano, praebuisti, talem te et nobis impertias, Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 11: ut res non tales, quales ante habitae sint, habendae videantur, id. Inv. 2, 58, 176; id. Off. 2, 13, 44: in hoc bello, quale bellum nulla barbaria gessit, the like of which, id. Cat. 3, 10, 25; id. Phil. 2, 7, 17: equitum acies, qualis quae esse instructissima potest, etc., Liv. 8, 39: tale tuum carmen nobis, quale, etc., Verg. E. 5, 47: bis sex ... qualia nunc hominum producit corpora tellus, id. A. 12, 899.

Esp., in quotations and citations, as, as for instance, as for example: aperta et clara (somnia), quale est de illo, etc., Cic. Div. 2, 66, 135: cum proposito dissimili vel contrario ratio subjungitur: quale est Demosthenis: non enim, etc., Quint. 5, 14, 4; so id. 1, 5, 65 Zumpt N. cr.; 3, 6, 41; 3, 11, 6 et saep. al.

Poet. for the adv. qualiter, as, just as: qualis populea moerens philomela sub umbra Amissos queritur fetus, Verg. G. 4, 511; id. A. 3, 679; 4, 143: quale caelum Subrubet, Ov. Am. 2, 5, 35; id. M. 3, 682.

Repeated: qualis qualis (post-class. for qualiscumque), of what quality soever, whatsoever: quali quali obligatione interpositā, Dig. 20, 5, 12.

Indef.: quale, having some quality or other: et ita effici quae appellant qualia, Cic. Ac. 1, 7, 28: prius aliquid esse debet, deinde quale esse, Sen. Ep. 117, 28.

Adv.: quā-lĭter. In what way or manner, how: refert, villa qualiter aedificetur, Col. 1, 4, 6; Mart. 5, 7, 1.

Qualiter qualiter, in what manner soever, for qualitercumque (postclass.), Dig. 4, 4, 7.

Just as, as: lacri mae fluxere per ora, Qualiter abjectā de nive manat aquā, Ov. Am. 1, 7, 57; Cels. praef. p. 6; Val. Fl. 5, 305; Plin. 8, 48, 73, § 193.

Repeated: qualiter qualiter, in whatever manner, however, Dig. 4, 4, 7 pr.; 9, 2, 7, § 1; 26, 7, 5, § 10.