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Lewis : quiesco

quiesco, quĭesco, ēvi, ētum, 3 (the uncontr. Part., QVIESCITA, Inscr. Don. cl. 10, n. 11), v. n. and a. [quies], to rest, repose, keep quiet. Lit.: placida compostus pace quiescit, Verg. A. 1, 249: felicius ossa quiescant, Ov. Ib. 305: patrono meo ossa bene quiescant, Petr. 39: numquam hodie quiescet, Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 59: renovat pristina bella, nec potest quiescere, Cic. Rep. 6, 11, 11: non somno quiescere, to get no rest, Curt. 4, 13, 18: non aure quiescit, Non oculis, Val. Fl. 2, 43: quoniam in propriā non pelle quiessem, Hor S. 1, 6, 22.

Impers. pass.: quibus quidem quam facile potuerat quiesci, si hic quiesset, which we might easily have been spared, Ter. And. 4, 2, 8; Symm. Ep. 1, 8.

In partic. In polit. or milit. affairs, to keep quiet, remain neutral, abstain from action, Cic. Att. 9, 10, 10: pro condicione temporum quieturus, Suet. Caes. 16: quieverant per paucos dies, Liv. 22 4, 1; Curt. 10, 8, 16.

To rest, sleep: quievi in navi noctem perpetem, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 100; id. Merc. 2, 3, 36; Nep. Alcib. 10, 4: eo cum venio, praetor quiescebat, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 14, § 32: somnum humanum quievi, I slept like a human being, App. M. 9, p. 218, 14.

Of inanim. things, to rest, lie still, be still or quiet: et prato gravia arma quiescunt, Verg. A. 10, 836: flamma, ceases to burn, id. ib. 6, 226: quiērunt Aequora, the waves are at rest, do not rise, id. ib. 7, 6: felicius ossa quiescant, Ov. Ib. 305; Petr. 39: molliter ossa quiescant, Verg. E. 10, 33: quiescentes Nili aquae, standing waters, Plin. 13, 11, 22, § 71: venti, id. 17, 22, 35 § 170: quiescit terra, rests, lies fallow, id. 17, 5, 3, § 39: humus, Petr. 123: quiescunt voces, are still, silent, Ov. Tr. 1, 3, 27.

To make a pause in speaking: quiescere, id est, ἡσυχάζειν, Cic. Ac. 2, 29, 93.

Trop. To suffer or allow quietly, to peaceably permit a thing to be done: quiescere rem adduci ad interregnum, Cic. Att. 7, 9, 2.—With in and abl., to rest in, be content with: ne victos quidem in miserā et inopi senectā quiescere, Just. 14, 3, 10.

Neutr., to cease, leave off, desist from any thing: quiesce hanc rem modo petere, Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 51: statuere atque ediscere, Gell. 2, 28, 2: manibus significare coepit utrisque, quiescerent, Claud. Quadrig. ap. Gell. 9, 13, 8: indoctus discive trochive, Hor. A. P. 380.

Act., to cause to cease, render quiet, stop, etc.: laudes, Sen. Herc. Oet. 1584.—Hence, quĭētus, a, um, P. a., at rest, calm, quiet (syn. tranquillus). Enjoying rest, keeping quiet, quiet: aliquem quietum reddere, Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 46: animus, Cic. Tusc. 2, 1, 2: quietus et solutus animus, id. Rosc. Com. 15, 43: integri, quieti, otiosi homines, id. Agr. 2, 28, 77: homo quietissimus, id. Verr. 2, 4, 19, § 40: regnum, Hor. C. 1, 12, 33: de istoc quietus esto, be at ease, rest contented, Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 6.

In partic. Taking no part in war, peaceful, neutral: ipse acer, bellicosus; at is quem petebat, quietus, imbellis, Sall. J. 20, 2: quoad cum civibus dimicatum est, domi quietus fuit, Nep. Pelop. 4, 1: quietos lacessit, Just. 7, 6, 13: nihilo quietiores postea res habuit, Liv. 33, 19.

Of the mind, calm, tranquil, free from ambition: ad quam spem (praeturae) quietissimus, Plin. Ep. 10, 12(7): vir rectus, integer, quietus, Plin. Ep. 7, 31, 1: vir ingenio mitis, moribus quietus, Vell. 2, 117, 2; Tac. H. 1, 52.

Tame, gentle: equi fiunt quietiores, Varr. R. R. 2, 7.

Resting, sleeping: quos simul vescentes dies, simul quietos nox habuerat, Tac. A. 1, 49.—Hence, subst.: quĭēti, ōrum, m.: si sentire datur post fata quietis, i. e. the dead, Nemes. Ecl. 1, 38.

Of things, calm, quiet: amnes, gently flowing, Hor. C. 3, 29, 40: quietiore aequore ferri, id. Epod. 10, 11: aër, Verg. A. 5, 216: baca, that has lain a while, Col. 12, 50, 19: res publica (opp. perturbata), Cic. Cat. 2, 9, 19: aetas, id. Sen. 23, 82: quietus et remissus sermo, calm, not vehement, id. ib. 9, 28.

Subst. quĭētum, i, n., the still, tranquil, motionless air, Petr 131, 9.

Quĭēta, ae, f., a woman's name, Inscr. Grut. 754, 2.

Adv.: quĭētē, calmly, quietly: quod aptissimum est ad quiete vivendum, Cic. Fin. 1, 16, 52: quiete acta aetas, id. Sen. 5, 13.

Comp.: quietius tranquilliusque, Liv. 27, 12: quietius edere (opp. avidius vorare), Macr S. 7, 12, 21.—Sup.: quietissime se receperunt, Caes. B. C. 3, 46 fin.