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Lewis : salio

salio, sălĭo, ŭi (cf. Diom. p. 371 P.; Prisc. p. 906 P.; Serv. Verg. A. 3, 416: salii, Stat. S. 1, 2, 210; id. Th. 9, 132; Aug. Doctr. Chr. 2, 20, § 31: salivi, Serv. Verg. G. 2, 384), saltum, 4 (gen. plur. part. pres. salientum, Lucr. 4, 1200), v. n. and a. [kindr. with Sanscr. sar-, sal-, to go, and Gr. ἅλλομαι· cf. salax]. Neutr., to leap, spring, bound, jump (cf. tripudio), hop. Lit. (class.): ambulant aliquae (aves), ut cornices: saliunt aliae, ut passeres, merulae, etc., Plin. 10, 38, 54, § 111: saliendo sese exercebant, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 25; id. Mil. 2, 3, 8: calamo salientes ducere pisces, Ov. M. 3, 587: vexare uterum pueris salientibus, Juv. 6, 599 et saep.: saxo salire, Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 31; cf.: de muro (with praecipitari), Liv. 25, 24: praecipites in puteum, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P.: in aquas, Ov. Ib. 554: super vallum, Liv. 25, 39: super scuta, on the shields, Flor. 3, 10, 13: ultra Limites clientium Salis avarus, Hor. C. 2, 18, 26: saliet, tundet pede terram, id. A. P. 430: salias terrae gravis, id. Ep. 1, 14, 26: per praecipitia et praerupta, Liv. 27, 18: per flammas saluisse pecus, saluisse colonos, Ov. F. 4, 805: unctos saluere per utres, Verg. G. 2, 384: medio cum saluere foro, Prop. 4 (5), 5, 52: saliunt in gurgite ranae, Ov. M. 6, 381.

Transf., of things: ut habeat lacum, ubi aqua saliat, leaps or flows down, Varr. R. R. 1, 13, 3: ut in culleum de dolio vinum salire possit, Cato, R. R. 154: personae e quarum rostris aqua salire solet, Dig. 19, 1, 17 fin.; so, rivus, Verg. E. 5, 47: aqua, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 25; Suet. Aug. 82: aquae salientes, Front. Aquaed. 9 al.: aqua saliens, spring-water, Vulg. Johan. 4, 14; v. also infra, P. a.: multa in tectis crepitans salit horrida grando, Verg. G. 1, 449; so, grando, Ov. M. 14, 543: farre pio placant et saliente sale, Tib. 3, 4, 10; cf.: farre pio et saliente micā, Hor. C. 3, 23, 20: farra micaeque salientis honorem, Ov. F. 4,409: cor salit, leaps, beats, palpitates, Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 62; cf. id. Cist. 2, 3, 9; Pers. 3, 111; Sen. Herc. Oet. 708; Verg. G. 3, 460: pectora trepido motu, Ov. M. 8, 606: viscera, id. ib. 6, 390: temptatae pollice venae, id. ib. 10, 289; cf. id. H. 20, 139: supercilium, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 105: e terrāque exorta repente arbusta salirent, Lucr. 1, 187.—* Trop.: aliena negotia centum Per caput et circa saliunt latus, Hor. S. 2, 6, 34.

Act., of the copulation of animals, to leap, cover, Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 14; 2, 4, 8; 2, 7, 8 sq.; 3, 6, 3; 3, 10, 3; Ov. A. A. 2, 485; Lucr. 4, 1196.—Hence, sălĭens, entis, P. a.; only in plur. subst.: sălĭentes, ĭum, f. (sc. aquae), springs, fountains, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 2; Vitr. 8, 3, 6; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 121; Front. Aquaed. 9; 87 fin.; 103; 104; Dig. 19, 1, 15 al.