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Lewis : auctor

auctor auctor (incorrectly written autor or author), ōris, comm. id., he that brings about the existence of any object, or promotes the increase or prosperity of it, whether he first originates it, or by his efforts gives greater permanence or continuance to it; to be differently translated according to the object, creator, maker, author, inventor, producer, father, founder, teacher, composer, cause, voucher, supporter, leader, head, etc. (syn.: conditor, origo, consiliarius, lator, suasor, princeps, dux). Lit. Of persons, a progenitor, father, ancestor: L. Brutus, praeclarus auctor nobilitatis tuae, the founder, progenitor of your nobility, Cic. Tusc. 4, 1, 2: generis, Verg. A. 4, 365; so Ov. M. 4, 640, and Suet. Vit. 2: tu sanguinis ultimus auctor, Verg. A. 7, 49; so Ov. M. 12, 558, and 13, 142: tantae propaginis, id. F. 3, 157: originis, Suet. Ner. 1: gentis, id. Claud. 25: auctores parentes animarum, Vulg. Sap. 12, 6: auctore ab illo ducit originem, Hor. C. 3, 17, 5: Sive neglectum genus et nepotes Respicis auctor, id. ib. 1, 2, 36: mihi Tantalus auctor, Ov. M. 6, 172: auctores saxa fretumque tui, id. H. 10, 132: Juppiter e terrā genitam mentitur, ut auctor Desinat inquiri, id. M. 1, 615.—Of animals, Col. 6, 27, 1.

Of buildings, etc., founder, builder: Trojae Cynthius auctor, Verg. G. 3, 36: murorum Romulus auctor, Prop. 5, 6, 43 (augur, Müll.): auctor posuisset in oris Moenia, Ov. M. 15, 9: porticus auctoris Livia nomen habet, id. A. A. 1, 72: amphitheatri, Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 118: omnia sub titulo tantum suo ac sine ullā pristini auctoris memoriā, Suet. Dom. 5.

Of works of art, a maker, artist: statua auctoris incerti, Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 93: apparuit summam artis securitatem auctori placaisse, id. praef. § 27.

Transf. In gen., the originator, executor, performer, doer, cause, occasion of other things (freq. interchanged with actor): tametsi haud quaquam par gloriá sequitur scriptorem et auctorem rerum, tamen etc., Sall. C. 3, 2 Kritz (cf. without rerum: Suam quisque culpam auctores ad negotia transferunt, id. J. 1, 4): praeclari facinoris, Vell. 2, 120, 6: facti, Ov. M. 9, 206; Vell. 1, 8: cum perquirerent auctorem facti, Vulg. Jud. 6, 29: optimi statūs auctor, Suet. Aug. 28: honoris, Ov. M. 10, 214: vitae, Vulg. Act. 3, 15: salutis, ib. Heb. 2, 10: fidei, ib. ib. 12, 2: funeris, Ov. M. 10, 199: necis, id. ib. 8, 449; 9, 214: mortis, id. ib. 8, 493: vulneris, id. ib. 5, 133; 8, 418: plagae, id. ib. 3, 329: seditionis sectae, Vulg. Act. 24, 5.—Also, in gen., one from whom any thing proceeds or comes: auctor in incerto est: jaculum de parte sinistrā Venit, i. e. the sender, Ov. M. 12, 419; so, teli, id. ib. 8, 349: muneris, the giver, id. ib. 2, 88; 5, 657, 7, 157 al.: meritorum, id. ib. 8, 108 al.

An author of scientific or literary productions. An investigator: non sordidus auctor Naturae verique, Hor. C. 1, 28, 14.—And as imparting learning, a teacher: quamquam in antiquissimā philosophiā Cratippo auctore versaris, Cic. Off. 2, 2, 8: dicendi gravissimus auctor et magister Plato, id. Or. 3, 10: divini humanique juris auctor celeberrimus, Vell. 2, 26, 2: Servius Sulpicius, juris civilis auctor, Gell. 2, 10; Dig. 19, 1, 39; 40, 7, 36.

The author of a writing, a writer: ii quos nunc lectito auctores, Cic. Att. 12, 18: ingeniosus poëta et auctor valde bonus, id. Mur. 14: scripta auctori perniciosa suo, Ov. Tr. 5, 1, 68: Belli Alexandrini Africique et Hispaniensis incertus auctor est, Suet. Caes. 56; id. Aug. 31: sine auctore notissimi versus, i. e. anonymous verses, id. ib. 70; so id. Calig. 8; id. Dom. 8 al.—Meton. of cause for effect, for a literary production, writing, work: in evolvendis utriusque linguae auctoribus, etc., Suet. Aug. 89. —In partic., the author of historical works, an historian (with and without rerum): ego cautius posthac historiam attingam, te audiente, quem rerum Romanarum auctorem laudare possum religiosissimum, Cic. Brut. 11, 44; so, Matrem Antoniam non apud auctores rerum, non diurnā actorum scripturā reperio ullo insigni officio functam, Tac. A. 3, 3; 3, 30 (diff. from auctor rerum in II. A.): Polybius bonus auctor in primis, Cic. Off. 3, 32, 113; so Nep. Them. 10, 4; Liv. 4, 20; Tac. A. 5, 9; 14, 64 al.—With historiae (eccl. Lat.): historiae congruit auctori, Vulg. 2 Macc. 2, 31.—Hence, in gen., one that gives an account of something, a narrator, reporter, informant (orally or in writing): sibi insidias fieri: se id certis auctoribus comperisse, Cic. Att. 14, 8: celeberrimos auctores habeo tantam victoribus irreverentiam fuisse, ut, etc., Tac. H. 3, 51: criminis ficti auctor, i. e. nuntius, Ov. M. 7, 824: Non haec tibi nuntiat auctor Ambiguus, id. ib. 11, 666; 12, 58; 12, 61; 12, 532.—Hence, auctorem esse, with acc. and inf., to relate, recount: Auctores sunt ter novenis punctis interfici hominem, Plin. 11, 21, 24, § 73: Fabius Rustiçus auctor est scriptos esse ad Caecinam Tuscum codicillos, Tac. A. 13, 20: Auctor est Julius Marathus ante paucos quam nasceretur menses prodigium Romae factum (esse) publice, etc., Suet. Aug. 94 et saep.

One by whose influence, advice, command, etc., any thing is done, the cause, occasion, contriver, instigator, counsellor, adviser, promoter; constr. sometimes with ut, acc. and inf., or gen. gerund.: quid mihi es auctor (what do you counsel me?) huic ut mittam? Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 2; 4, 7, 70; id. Poen. 1, 3, 1: idne estis auctores mihi? Ter. Ad. 5, 8, 16: mihique ut absim, vehementer auctor est, Cic. Att. 15, 5: Gellium ipsis (philosophis) magno opere auctorem fuisse, ut controversiarum facerent modum, id. Leg. 1, 20, 53: ut propinqui de communi sententiā coërcerent, auctor fuit, Suet. Tib. 35; id. Claud. 25; id. Calig. 15: a me consilium petis, qui sim tibi auctor in Siciliāne subsidas, an proficiscare, Cic. Fam. 6, 8: ego quidem tibi non sim auctor, si Pompeius Italiam reliquit, te quoque profugere, Att. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 10: ne auctor armorum duxque deesset, Auct. B. G. 8, 47: auctor facinori non deerat, Liv. 2, 54: auctores Bibulo fuere tantundem pollicendi, Suet. Caes. 19: auctores restituendae tribuniciae potestatis, id. ib. 5; so id. Dom. 8: auctor singulis universisque conspirandi simul et ut... communem causam juvarent, id. Galb. 10 al.—So freq. in the abl. absol.: me, te, eo auctore, at my, your, his instance, by my advice, command, etc.: non me quidem Faciet auctore, hodie ut illum decipiat, Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 23: an paenitebat flagiti, te auctore quod fecisset Adulescens? Ter. Eun. 5, 6, 12: quare omnes istos me auctore deridete atque contemnite, Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 54: quia calida fomenta non proderant, frigidis curari coactus auctore Antonio Musā, Suet. Aug. 81; 96; id. Galb. 19; id. Vit. 2 al.: agis Carminibus grates et dis auctoribus horum, the promoters or authors of spells, Ov. M. 7, 148.

Esp., in political lang., t. t. Auctor legis. One who proposes a law, a mover, proposer (very rare): quarum legum auctor fuerat, earum suasorem se haud dubium ferebat, Liv. 6, 36: Quid desperatius, qui ne ementiendo quidem potueris auctorem adumbrare meliorem, Cic. Dom. 30, 80.

One who advises the proposal of a law, and exerts all his influence to have it passed, a supporter (stronger than suasor; cf. Suet. Tib. 27: alium dicente, auctore eo Senatum se adīsse, verba mutare et pro auctore suasorem dicere coeg