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Lewis : sine

sine sĭne (old form or sēd; v. the foll.), prep. with abl. [si and ne; si, the demonstrative instrumental, and the negative ne; hence, nesi was also found, Fest. p. 165; cf. Rib. Beiträge, p. 15; Corss. Ausspr. 1, 201; 1, 778]. Without. Form se (sed): socordia compositum videtur ex se, quod est sine, et corde, Fest. pp. 292 and 293 Müll.: sed pro sine inveniuntur posuisse antiqui, id. p. 336 ib.: SI PLVS MINVSVE SECVERVNT SE FRAVDE ESTO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 49: IM CVM ILLO SEPELIREI VRIVE SE FRAVDE ESTO, id. ap. Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 60: EAM PECVNIAM EIS SED FRAVDE SVA SOLVITO, Inscr. Grut. 509, 20.

Form sine: tu sine pennis vola, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 180: ne quoquam pedem Efferat sine custode, id. Capt. 2, 3, 97: ut (urbs) sine regibus sit, Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58: sine ullo domino, id. ib. 1, 43, 67: sine ullo certo exemplari formāque rei publicae, id. ib. 2, 11, 22: sine ullius populi exemplo, id. ib. 2, 39, 66: sine ullā dubitatione; v. dubitatio; for which, less freq.: sine omni, etc., Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 38; 4, 1, 20: sine omni malitiā, id. Bacch. 5, 2, 13; Ter. And. 2, 3, 17; Cic. de Or. 2, 1, 5; Ov. Tr. 4, 8, 33: sine dubio; v. dubius: pol si istuc faxis, haud sine poenā feceris, Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 37; cf.: non sine magnā spe, Caes. B. G. 1, 44: non sine conscio Surgit marito, Hor. C. 3, 6, 29; cf.: non sine floribus, id. ib. 3, 13, 2: non sine multis lacrimis, id. ib. 3, 7, 7: non sine fistulā, id. ib. 4, 1, 24.—In poets often with a noun instead of an adjective or adverb; as, sine sanguine, bloodless; sine pondere, weightless; sine fine, endless; sine nomine, nameless; sine sidere, starless; sine viribus, powerless, feeble, etc.: ignea vis et sine pondere caeli, Ov. M. 1, 26; so id. ib. 2, 537; 3, 417; 5, 249; 7, 306; 7, 275; 7, 830; 8, 518; 11, 429; 15, 120; Verg. A. 3, 204; 5, 694; 6, 534; Hor. C. 4, 14, 32 al.—Hence, poet., sine pondere, like a noun in dat., for rebus sine pondere: pugnabant mollia cum duris, sine pondere habentia pondus, Ov. M. 1, 20.—Several times repeated: si sine vi et sine bello velint rapta tradere, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 51; cf.: sine praesidio et sine pecuniā, Cic. Att. 8, 3, 5; and more freq. without et: eam confeci sine molestiā, Sine sumptu, sine dispendio, Ter. Eun. 5, 4, 6 and 7: hominem sine re, sine fide, sine spe, sine sede, sine fortunis, ore, linguā, manu, vita omni inquinatum, Cic. Cael. 32, 78: se solos sine vulnere, sine ferro, sine acie victos, Liv. 9, 5; v. Drak. ad Liv. 7, 2, 4.—With part. and subst. (rare): sine causā antecedente, Cic. Fat. 19, 43: sine externā et antecedente causā, id. ib. 11, 24: sine viso antecedente, id. ib. 19, 44: sine inpensā operā, Liv. 5, 4, 4; 7, 12, 11; 45, 25, 7; cf.: sine rest tutā potestate, id. 3, 52, 2 MSS. et Madv. (Weissenb. ex conj.: quā sibi non restitutā).—In epistolary style once without a case, referring to a preceding noun: age jam, cum fratre an sine? Cic. Att. 8, 3, 5.—With gerund (very rare): nec sine canendo tibicines dicti, Varr. L. L. 6, § 75 Müll.—Taking the place of a clause: armantur senes aut pueri, et numerus militum sine exercitūs robore expletur, i. e. without acquiring, Just. 5, 6, 3: exercitus ejus sine noxā discurrit, id. 12, 7, 8.—By the poets sometimes put after its case: flammā sine thura liquescere, Hor. S. 1, 5, 99: vitiis nemo sine nascitur, id. ib. 1, 3, 68.

In composition, se, or before a vowel, sed, denotes a going or taking aside, a departing, separating, etc.: secedo, secerno, segrego; seditio.