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Lewis : soror

soror, sŏror, ōris, f. Sanscr. svasar; Goth. svister; Germ. Schwester; Engl. sister. Lit. In gen., a sister: Th. Salve, mea soror. Pl. Frater mi, salve, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 57; id. Bacch. 1, 1, 68 sq.: germana soror, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 42 Vahl.); cf.: mea soror gemina germana, Plaut. Mil. 2, 4, 30 sq.; so, germana, Cic. Mil. 27, 73: Jovis, i. e. Juno, Verg. A. 1, 47; Hor. C. 3, 3, 64; Ov. M. 3, 266; id. F. 6, 27 al.: Phoebi, i. e. Luna, id. H. 11, 45; cf. id. F. 3, 110: agnam Aeneas matri Eumenidum magnaeque sorori ferit, i. e. to Nox and Terra, Verg. A. 6, 250: doctae, i. e. the Muses, Tib. 3, 4, 45; Ov. M. 5, 255; called also sorores novem, id. Tr. 5, 12, 45: genitae Nocte, i. e. the Furies, id. M. 4, 451; called also crinitae angue sorores, id. ib. 10, 349; and, vipereae, id. ib. 6, 662: tristes, i. e. the Fates, Tib. 3, 3, 35; called also sorores tres, Prop. 2, 13, 44 (3, 5, 28); Hor. C. 2, 3, 15; Ov. M. 15, 808.—Of beasts: in grege prioris anni sororem equa comitatur, Plin. 8, 42, 64, § 156.—Prov.: bonae mentis soror est paupertas, Petr. 84, 4.

In partic., poet.: sorores, the Muses, Prop. 3 (4), 1, 17; the Fates, Cat. 64, 326; Ov. H. 12, 3; 15, 81; Mart. 4, 54, 9; 4, 73, 3; the Danaides, Prop. 4 (5), 7, 67; Ov. H. 14, 15.

Transf. (poet. and in post-Aug. prose). A cousin, the daughter of a father's brother, Ov. M. 1, 351.

A female friend, playmate, or companion, Verg. A. 1, 321; 11, 823; Tib. 3, 1, 26; Sen. Hippol. 611; Petr. 127; Mart. 2, 4, 3; 12, 20, 2; Inscr. Marin. Iscriz. Alb. p. 60.—In eccl. Lat., female Christians, Vulg. 1, Tim. 5, 2.

Of things in pairs, connected together, or alike: obsecro te hanc per dexteram Perque hanc sororem laevam, Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 9; so of the hand, Verg. M. 28: abjunctae comae mea fata sorores Lugebant, Cat. 66, 51: sapore caryotarum sorores, Plin. 13, 4, 9, § 45; Mart. 14, 128, 2.

Of the word soror: scripta soror fuerat: visum est delere sororem, Ov. M. 9, 528.