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Lewis : statuo

statuo, stătŭo, ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a. stătum, sup. of sto, to cause to stand (cf.: colloco, pono). Corporeally. To cause to stand, set up, set, station, fix in an upright position. To set up, set in the ground, erect: ibi arbores pedicino in lapide statuito, Cato, R. R. 18: inter parietes arbores ubi statues, id. ib.: stipites statuito, id. ib.: palis statutis crebris, Varr. R. R. 1, 14 init.: pedamenta jacentia statuenda, are to be raised, Col. 4, 26: pedamentum inter duas vitis, Plin. 17, 22, 21, § 194: hic statui volo primum aquilam, the standard of the troops, Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 7: signifer, statue signum, plant the ensign, Liv. 5, 55, 1; Val. Max. 1, 5, 1.

To plant (rare): eodem modo vineam statuito, alligato, flexatoque uti fuerit, Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 198: agro qui statuit meo Te, triste lignum (i. e. arborem), Hor. C. 2, 13, 10.

In gen., to place, set or fix, set up, set forth things or persons. Without specifying the place: ollam statuito cum aquā, let a jar stand with water, Cato, R. R. 156 (157): crateras magnos statuunt, i. e. on the table, Verg. A. 1, 724; so, crateras laeti statuunt, id. ib. 7, 147: haec carina satis probe fundata et bene statuta est, well placed, i. e. so that the hull stands perpendicularly (cf.: bene lineatam carinam collocavit, v. 42), Plaut. Mil. 3, 3, 44: nec quidquam explicare, nec statuere potuerant, nec quod statutum esset, manebat, omnia perscindente vento, Liv. 21, 58, 7: eo die tabernacula statui passus non est, to pitch, Caes. B. C. 1, 81; so, aciem statuere, to draw up an army: aciem quam arte statuerat, latius porrigit, Sall. J. 52, 6.

With designation of the place by in and abl.; by adv. of place; by ante, apud, ad, circa, super, and acc.; by pro and abl.; by abl. alone (very rare), or by in and acc. (very rare): signa domi pro supellectile statuere, Cato ap. Prisc. 7, 19, 95 (p. 782 P.): statuite hic lectulos, Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 7: etiamsi in caelo Capitolium statueretur, Cic. Or. 3, 46, 180: statuitur Sollius in illo gladiatorum convivio ... atuitur, ut dico, eques Romanus in Apronii convivio, is taken to the banquet, id. Verr. 2, 3, 25, § 61 sq.: tabernacula in foro statuere, Liv. 39, 46, 3: in principiis statuit tabernaculum, Nep. Eum. 7, 1: in nostris castris tibi tabernaculum statue, Curt. 5, 11, 6; 8, 13, 20: statui in medium undique conspicuum tabernaculum jussit, id. 9, 6, 1: (sagittae) longae, nisi prius in terrā statuerent arcum, haud satis apte imponuntur, id. 8, 14, 19: sedes curules sacerdotum Augustalium locis, superque eas querceae coronae statuerentur, Tac. A. 2, 83: donum deae apud Antium statuitur, id. ib. 3, 71: pro rigidis calamos columnis, Ov. F. 3, 529: jamque ratem Scythicis auster statuisset in oris, Val. Fl. 3, 653: statuere vas in loco frigido, Pall. Oct. 22.—Of living beings: capite in terram statuerem, Ut cerebro dispergat viam, Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 18: qui capite ipse sua in statuit vestigia sese (= qui sese ipse capite in sua vestigia statuit), i. e. stands on his head, Lucr. 4, 472: patrem ejus a mortuis excitasses, statuisses ante oculos, Cic. Or. 1, 57, 245: captivos vinctos in medio statuit, Liv. 21, 42, 1: ubi primum equus Curtium in vado statuit, id. 1, 13, 5: quattuor cohortes in fronte statuit, id. 28, 33, 12: ante se statuit funditores, id. 42, 58, 10: puerum ad canendum ante tibicinem cum statuisset, id. 7, 2, 9: procul in conspectu eum (Philopoemenem) statuerunt, id. 39, 49, 11: media porta robora legionum, duabus circa portis milites levemque armaturam statuit, id. 23, 16, 8: bovem ad fanum Dianae et ante aram statuit, id. 1, 45, 6: cum Calchanta circa aram statuisset, Val. Max. 8, 11, ext. 6: marium si qui eo loci statuisset, id. 3, 1, 2 fin.: adulescentes ante Caesarem statuunt, Tac. A. 4, 8: in fronte statuerat ferratos, in cornibus cohortes, id. ib. 3, 45: puer quis Ad cyathum statuetur? Hor. C. 1, 29, 8: tu cum pro vitulā statuis dulcem Aulide natam Ante aras, id. S. 2, 3, 199: et statuam ante aras auratā fronte juvencum, Verg. A. 9, 627: clarā regione profundi Aetheros innumeri statuerunt agmina cygni, Stat. Th. 3, 525.

Pregn., to construct and place, to set up after constructing, to erect, make. Of statues, temples, columns, altars, trophies, etc.; constr. with acc. alone, or acc. of the structure and dat. of the person for whom or in whose honor it is erected: siquidem mihi aram et statuam statuis, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 122: huic statuam statui decet ex auro, id. Bacch. 4, 4, 1: ne ego aureā pro statuā vineam tibi statuam, id. Curc. 1, 2, 52: eique statuam equestrem in rostris statui placere, Cic. Phil. 5, 15, 41; so id. ib. 9, 5, 10; 9, 7, 16; id. Verr. 2, 2, 62, § 151; 2, 2, 20, § 48; so, simulacrum alicui statuere, Val. Max. 1, 1, 8: effigiem, Verg. A. 2, 184: Mancinus eo habitu sibi statuit quo, etc. (effigiem), Plin. 34, 5, 10, § 18: simulacrum in curiā, Tac. A. 14, 12: quānam in civitate tempium statueretur, id. ib. 4, 55: se primos templum urbis Romae statuisse, id. ib. 4, 56; so id. ib. 4, 15: nec tibi de Pario statuam, Germanice, templum, Ov. P. 4, 8, 31: templa tibi statuam, tribuam tibi turis honorem, id. M. 14, 128: super terrae tumulum noluit quid statui nisi columellam, Cic. Leg. 2, 26, 66: victimas atque aras diis Manibus statuentes, Tac. A. 3, 2: statuitque aras e cespite, Ov. M. 7, 240: statuantur arae, Sen. Med. 579: aëneum statuerunt tropaeum, Cic. Inv. 2, 23, 69: monumentum, id. ib. § 70; so, in alio orbe tropaea statuere, Curt. 7, 7, 14; so, Plin. 3, 3, 4, § 18: ut illum di perdant qui primus statuit hic solarium, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Gell. 3, 3, 5: princeps Romanis solarium horologium statuisse L. Papirius Cursor proditur, Plin. 7, 60, 60, § 213: a miliario in capite Romani fori statuto, id. 3, 5, 9, § 66: carceres eo anno in Circo primum statuti, Liv. 8, 20, 1: quo molem hanc immanis equi statuere? Verg. A. 2, 150: multo altiorem statui crucem jussit, Suet. Galb. 9: obeliscam, Plin. 36, 9, 14, § 71: at nunc disturba quas statuisti machinas, Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 137: incensis operibus quae statuerat, Nep. Milt. 7, 4: si vallum statuitur procul urbis illecebris, Tac. A. 4, 2: castra in quinto lapide a Carthagine statuit, Just. 22, 6, 9.

Poet. and in post-class. prose (rare): aliquem statuere = alicui statuam statuere: inter et Aegidas mediā statuaris in urbe, Ov. H. 2, 67: statuarque tumulo hilaris et coronatus, my statue will be erected, Tac. Dial. 13; so with two acc.: custodem medio statuit quam vilicus horto, whose statue he placed as protectress, etc., Mart. 3, 68, 9; cf. in double sense: nudam te statuet, i. e. nudam faciet (= nudabit fortunis), and statuam tibi nu dam faciet, Mart. 4, 28, 8.

Of cities, etc., to establish, found, build (in class. prose usu. condo): Agamemnon tres ibi urbes statuit, Vell. 1, 1, 2: urbem quam statuo vestra est, Verg. A. 1, 573: urbom praeclaram, id. ib. 4, 655: Persarum statuit Babylona Semiramis urbem, Prop. 3, 11 (4, 10), 21: ibi civitatem statuerunt, Just. 23, 1; so, licentia et impunitas asyla statuendi (= aperiendi), Tac. A. 3, 60.—Hence, transf.: carmen statuere = carmen condere, to compose, devise a song: nunc volucrum ... inexpertum carmen, quod tacitā statuere brumā, Stat. S. 4, 5, 12.

To cause to stand still, to stop (rare; cf. sisto, III. B.): navem extemplo statuimus, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 57: et statuit fessos, fessus et ipse, boves, Prop. 4 (5), 9, 4: famuli hoc modo statuerunt aquas, Arn. 1, p. 30: sanguinem, Oct. Hor. 4.

To cause to stand firm, strengthen, support (rare; = stabilire), only transf.: qui rem publicam certo animo adjuverit, statuerit, Att. ap. Cic. Sest. 56, 120 (Trag. Rel. v. 3 ε ) With indef. obj., usu. a neutr. pron.: utrum igitur hoc Graeci statuent ... an nostri praetores? Cic. Fl. 12, 27: dixisti quippiam: fixum (i. e. id) et statutum est, id. Mur. 30, 62: eoque utrique quod statuit contenti sunt, Caes. B. C. 1, 87: senatus, ne quid absente rege statueret, Liv. 39, 24, 13: maturato opus est, quidquid statuere placet (senatui), id. 8, 13, 17: id ubi in P. Licinio ita statutum est, id. 41, 15, 10: interrogatus quid ipse victorem statuere debere censeret, Curt. 8, 14, 43: quid in futurum statuerim, aperiam, Tac. A. 4, 37: utque rata essent quae procuratores sui in judicando statuerent, Suet. Claud. 12; qul statuit aliquid parte inauditā alterā, aequum licet statuerit, haud aequus fuit, Sen. Med. 2, 199: non ergo quod libet statuere arbiter potest, Dig. 4, 8, 32, § 15; cf.: earum rerum quas Caesar statuisset, decrevisset, egisset, Cic. Att. 16, 16, C, 11.—( ζ ) With de or super and abl.: vos de crudelissimis parricidis quid statuatis cunctamini? Sall. C. 52, 31: nihil super eā re nisi ex voluntate filii statuere, Suet. Tib. 13: ne quid super tantā re absente principe statueretur, Tac. H. 4, 9.—( η ) Absol., mostly pass. impers.: ita expediri posse consilium ut pro merito cujusque statueretur, Liv. 8, 14, 1: tunc ut quaeque causa erit statuetis, id. 3, 53, 10: non ex rumore statuendum, decisions should not be founded on rumors, Tac. A. 3, 69.—( θ ) With cognoscere, to examine (officially) and decide: petit ut vel ipse de eo causā cognitā statuat, vel civitatem statuere jubeat, Caes. B. G. 1, 19: consuli ut cognosceret statueretque senatus permiserat, Liv. 39, 3, 2: missuros qui de eorum controversiis cognoscerent statuerentque, id. 40, 20, 1; 45, 13, 11: quod causā cognitā erit statuendum, Dig. 2, 11, 2, § 8.

With reference to the mind of the subject, to decide, to make up one's mind, conclude, determine, be convinced, usu. with interrog.clause: numquam intellegis, statuendum tibi esse, utrum illi homicidae sint an vindices libertatis, Cic. Phil. 2, 12, 30: illud mirum videri solet, tot homines ... statuere non potuisse, utrum judicem an arbitrum, rem an litem dici oporteret, id. Mur. 12, 27: neque tamen possum statuere, utrum magis mirer, etc., id. de Or. 3, 22, 82: ipsi statuerent, quo tempore possent suo jure arma capere, id. Tull. 5, 12: ut statuerem quid esset faciendum, id. Att. 7, 26, 3: statuere enim qui sit sapiens, vel maxime videtur esse sapientis, id. Ac. 2, 3, 9: si habes jam statutum quid tibi agendum putes, id. Fam. 4, 2, 4: tu quantum tribuendum nobis putes statuas ipse, et, ut spero, statues ex nostrā dignitate, id. ib. 5, 8, 4: vix statui posse utrum quae pro se, an quae contra fratrem petiturus esset ab senatu magis impetrabilia forent, Liv. 45, 19, 6: quam satis statuerat, utram foveret partem, id. 42, 29, 11: posse ipsam Liviam statuere, nubendum post Drusum, an, etc., Tac. A. 4, 40: statue quem poenae extrahas, Sen. Troad. 661.—So with apud animum, to make up one's mind: vix statuere apud animum meum possum atrum pejor ipsa res an pejore exemplo agatur, Liv. 34, 2, 4: proinde ipsi primum statuerent apud animos quid vellent, id. 6, 39, 11.—Rarely with neutr, pron. as object: quidquid nos de communi sententiā statuerimus, Cic. Fam. 4, 1, 2: sic statue, quidquid statuis, ut causam famamque tuam in arto stare scias, Sen. Herc. Fur. 1306.

To decree, order, prescribe. With ut or ne: statuunt ut decem milia hominum in oppidum submittantur, Caes. B. G. 7, 21: eos (Siculos) statuisse ut hoc quod dico postularet, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 42, § 103: statuunt illi atque decernunt ut eae litterae ... removerentur, id. ib. 2, 2, 71, § 173: statuit iste ut arator ... vadimonium promitteret, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, § 38: orare patres ut statuerent ne absentium nomina reciperentur, id. ib. 2, 2, 42, § 103: statuitur ne post M. Brutum proconsulem sit Creta provincia, id. Phil. 2, 38, 97: (Tiberius) auxit patrum honorem statuendo ut qui ad senatum provocavissent, etc., Tac. A. 14, 28: statuiturque (a senatu) ut ... in servitute haberentur, id. ib. 12, 53.—So of a decree, determination, or agreement by several persons or parties to be carried out by each of them: statutum esse (inter plebem et Poenos) ut ... impedimenta diriperent, Liv. 23, 16, 6: Athenienses cum statuerent, ut urbe relictā naves conscenderent, Cic. Off. 3, 11, 48: statuunt ut fallere custodes tentent, Ov. M. 4, 84.

With acc. (post-Aug.): remedium statuere, to prescribe a remedy against public abuses, Tac. A. 3, 28; 6, 4: Caesar ducentesimam (vectigalis) in posterum statuit, decreed that one half of one per cent. be the tax, id. ib. 2, 42.—So with sic (= hoc): sic, di, statuistis, Ov. M. 4, 661.

With dat. and acc. (not ante-Aug.): eis (Vestalibus) stipendium de publico statuit, decreed, allowed a salary, Liv. 1, 20, 3: Aurelio quoque annuam pecuniam statuit princeps, decreed, granted, Tac. A. 13, 34: biduum criminibus obiciendis statuitur, are allowed, id. ib. 3, 13: itaque et alimenta pueris statuta ... et patribus praemia statuta, Just. 12, 4, 8: ceu Aeolus insanis statuat certamina ventis, Stat. Th. 6, 300: non hoc statui sub tempore rebus occasum Aeoniis, id. ib. 7, 219: statuere alicui munera, Val. Fl. 2, 566.

With dat. and interrog.-clause: cur his quoque statuisti quantum ex hoc genere frumenti darent, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 21, § 53: ordo iis quo quisque die supplicarent, statutus, Liv. 7, 28, 8.

In partic., of punishment, etc., to decree, measure out, inflict. With poenam, etc., with or without in and acc. pers. (mostly post-Aug.): considerando ... in utrā (lege) major poena statuatur, Cic. Inv. 2, 49, 145: poenam statui par fuisse, Tac. A. 14, 49: qui non judicium, sed poenam statui videbant, id. ib. 11, 6: eadem poena in Catum Firmium statuitur, id. ib. 6, 31: senatu universo in socios facinoris ultimam statuente poenam, Suet. Caes. 14; so with mercedem (= poenam): debuisse gravissimam temeritatis mercedem statui, Liv. 39, 55, 3; cf. also: Thrasea, non quidquid nocens reus pati mereretur, id egregio sub principe statuendum disseruit, Tac. A. 14, 48.—Absol.: non debere eripi patribus vim statuendi (sc. poenas), Tac. A. 3, 70.

With indef. obj., generally with in and acc.: aliquid gravius in aliquem, to proceed severely against: obsecrare coepit, ne quid gravius in fratrem statueret, Caes. B. G. 1, 20: fac aliquid gravius in Hejum statuisse Mamertinos, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 9, § 19: res monet cavere ab illis magis quam quid in illos statuamus consultare, Sall. C. 52, 3: qui cum triste aliquid statuit, fit tristis et ipse, Ov. P. 2, 2, 119: si quid ob eam rem de se crudelius statuerent, Just. 2, 15, 10.

With a word expressing the kind of punishment (post-Aug.): in Pompeiam Sabinam exilium statuitur, Tac. A. 6, 24 (18).

De capite, to pass sentence of death: legem illam praeclaram quae de capite civis Romani nisi comitiis centuriatis statui vetaret, Cic. Rep. 2, 36, 61.

Referring to one's own acts, to resolve, determine, purpose, to propose, with inf. (first in Cic.; freq. and class.): statuit ab initio et in eo perseveravit, jus publicano non dicere, Cic. Prov. Cons. 5, 10: P. Clodius cum statuisset omni scelere in praeturā vexare rem publicam, id. Mil. 9, 24: statuerat excusare, to decline the office, id. Lig. 7, 21: cum statuissem scribere ad te aliquid, id. Off. 1, 2, 4: quod iste certe statuerat et deliberaverat non adesse, id. Verr. 2, 1, 1, § 1: se statuisse animum advertere in omnes nauarchos, id. ib. 2, 5, 40, § 105: nam statueram in perpetuum tacere, id. Fam. 4, 4, 4: statueram ... nihil de illo dicere, id. Fragm. Clod. 1, 1: statueram rectā Appiā Romam (i. e. venire), id. Att. 16, 10, 1: Pompeius statuerat bello decertare, Caes. B. C. 3, 86: si cedere hinc statuisset, Liv. 44, 39, 7: triumphare mense Januario statuerat, id. 39, 15: immemor sim propositi quo statui non ultra attingere externa nisi qua Romanis cohaererent rebus, id. 39, 48: rex quamquam dissimulare statuerat, id. 42, 21: opperiri ibi hostium adventum statuit, id. 42, 54, 9: ut statuisse non pugnare consules cognitum est, id. 2, 45, 9: exaugurare fana statuit, id. 1, 55, 2: Delphos mittere statuit, id. 1, 56, 5: eos deducere in agros statuerunt, id. 40, 38, 2: tradere se, ait, moenia statuisse, id. 8, 25, 10: Samnitium exercitus certamine ultimo fortunam experiri statuit, id. 7, 37, 4: statuit sic adfectos hosti non obicere, id. 44, 36, 2: sub idem tempus statuit senatus Carthaginem excidere, Vell. 1, 12, 2: statui pauca disserere, Tac. H. 4, 73: amoliri juvenem specie honoris statuit, id. A. 2, 42: statuerat urbem novam condere, Curt. 4, 8, 1: statuerat parcere urbi conditae a Cyro, id. 7, 6, 20: rex statuerat inde abire, id. 7, 11, 4: Alexander statuerat ex Syriā petere Africam, id. 10, 1, 17; 10, 5, 24; 5, 27 (9), 13; so, statutum habere cum animo ac deliberatum, to have firmly and deliberately resolved, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 41, § 95.—With sic: caedis initium fecisset a me, sic enim statuerat, id. Phil. 3, 7, 29.

To judge, declare as a judgment, be of opinion, hold (especially of legal opinions),