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Lewis : stipendium

stipendium, stīpendĭum, ii, n. contr. from stipipendium, from stips-pendo. In publicists' lang., a tax, impost, tribute, contribution (payable in money; whereas vectigal in kind; the former being regarded as the more humiliating; v. stipendiarius, I.): Poeni stipendia pendunt, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 182 Müll. (Ann. v. 269 Vahl.); so, pendere, Caes. B. G. 1, 44; 5, 27; Sall. C. 20, 7; Liv. 2, 9; 21, 10: conferre, id. 33, 42: solvere, id. 39, 7: imponere victis, Caes. B. G. 1, 44; 7, 54: stipendio liberare aliquem, id. 5, 27: de stipendio recusare, id. ib. 1, 44: stipendi spem facere, Liv. 28, 25, 9.

Transf. In gen., tribute, dues (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): indomito nec dira ferens stipendia tauro (sc. Minotauro), Cat. 64, 173: quae finis aut quod me manet stipendium? penalty, Hor. Epod. 17, 36: alii tamen obscuriores (scriptores) aliquod stipendium nostro studio contulerunt, contribution, Col. 1, 1, 10.

Income, subsistence, salary: iis, ut adsiduae templi antistites essent, stipendium de publico statuit, Liv. 1, 20, 3.

In milit. lang., pay, stipend in full: stipendium militare, Liv. 4, 60, 5; Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 45; commonly stipendium alone: militis stipendia ideo, quod eam stipem pendebant, Varr. L. L. 5, § 182 Müll.; cf. Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 43; Liv. 4, 59 and 60: cum stipendium ab legionibus flagitaretur, Caes. B. C. 1, 87: numerare militibus, Cic. Pis. 36, 88: persolvere, id. Att. 5, 14, 1: dare, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 26; Liv. 2, 12; 5, 12; cf.: dare pecuniam in stipendium, Caes. B. C. 1, 23; Liv. 27, 9 fin.: accipere, id. 5, 4: stipendio afficere exercitum, Cic. Balb. 27, 61: augere, Caes. B. C. 3, 110: fraudare, id. ib. 3, 59: stipendium duum mensium, Curt. 5, 1, 45: dum in calamitosis stipendiis versaretur, might get pay by the misfortunes of others, Amm. 19, 12, 2.

Transf., military service (mostly in plur.): merere stipendia, Cic. Mur. 5, 12: stipendia merere (mereri), to perform military service, to serve, id. Cael. 5, 11; id. de Or. 2, 64, 258; also, facere, Sall. J. 63, 3; Liv. 3, 27; 5, 7; 42, 34 al.; cf.: opulenta ac ditia facere, id. 21, 43: emereri, to complete the time of service, to serve out one's time, id. 25, 6; Cic. Sen. 14, 49; Sall. J. 84, 2; Liv. 3, 57; Val. Max. 6, 1, 10; v. emereo, II.: auxiliaria stipendia mereri, Tac. A. 2, 52: numerare, Liv. 4, 58: enumerare, id. 3, 58: qui (milites) jam stipendiis confecti erant, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 26; cf.: stipendiis exhausti, Liv. 27, 9: adulescentuli statim castrensibus stipendiis imbuebantur, Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 5.

Sing.: homo nullius stipendii, Sall. J. 85, 10: exercitui dare, id. H. 2, 96, 6 Dietsch: sextus decimus stipendii annus, Tac. A. 1, 17.

In partic., military service of a year, a year's service, a campaign: si in singulis stipendiis is ad hostes exuvias dabit, Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 36: quod tricena aut quadragena stipendia senes tolerent, Tac. A. 1, 17: vicena stipendia meritis, id. ib. 1, 36: stipendia sua numerari jubebant, Just. 12, 11, 4: qui eorum minime multa stipendia haberet, Liv. 31, 8 fin.—Sing.: (juventus) octavo jam stipendio functa, Hirt. B. G. 8, 8, 2; cf. with both numbers together: secundo stipendio dextram manum perdidit, stipendiis duobus ter et vicies vulneratus est, Plin. 7, 28, 29 § 104.

Trop., in gen., service (very rare): functus omnibus humanae vitae stipendiis, i. e. duties, Sen. Ep. 93, 4: tamquam emeritis stipendiis libidinis, Cic. Sen. 14, 49: plurium velut emeritis annorum stipendiis, Col. 3, 6, 4: rex cui (Hercules) duodecim stipendia debebat, services, labors, Just. 2, 4, 18.