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Lewis : subeo

subeo, sŭbĕo, ĭi, ĭtum, īre (perf. subīvit, Ov. F. 1, 314; Stat. S. 2, 1, 155: subivimus, Claud. ap. Tac. A. 11, 24 dub.), v. n. and a., to come or go under any thing; to come or go up to, to approach, draw near, advance or proceed to a place; to come or go on; to follow, succeed; to go down, sink; to come up, spring up (cf. succedo). Neutr. Lit. In gen.: subire sub falas, Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 10: in nemoris latebras, Ov. M. 4, 601; cf.: in aliquem locum, to enter, Auct. B. Alex. 74, 4: in adversum Romani subiere, Liv. 1, 12, 1: in adversos montes, id. 41, 18, 11: testudine factā subeunt, advance, Caes. B. G. 7, 85, 7: Albani subiere ad montes, Liv. 1, 28, 5: subire ad portam castrorum, id. 34, 16, 2; cf.: ad urbem subeunt, id. 31, 45, 4; 39, 27, 10; 36, 19, 1; and: subeundum erat ad hostes, id. 2, 31, 4: ad tecta subibant, Verg. A. 8, 359.—With dat.: muro subibant, Verg. A. 7, 161; so, muro, id. ib. 9, 371: portu Chaonio (with accedere urbem), id. ib. 3, 292: luco, id. ib. 8, 125: dumis, Sil. 5, 283: ingenti feretro, Verg. A. 6, 222: age cervici inponere nostrae: Ipse subibo umeris, id. ib. 2, 708: per vices subeunt elephanti, Plin. 8, 7, 7, § 23: pone subit conjux, follows, Verg. A. 2, 725; so Val. Fl. 4, 197; cf.: dexterae alae sinistra subiit, Liv. 27, 2, 7: subeuntis alii aliis in custodiam, id. 25, 37, 6; and: subiit argentea proles, Ov. M. 1, 114: subit ipse meumque Explet opus, succeeds me, takes my place, id. ib. 3, 648: Volscus saxa objacentia pedibus ingerit in subeuntes, climbing, Liv. 2, 65, 4: vel eodem amne vel Euphrate subire eos posse, i. e. sail up stream, Curt. 9, 10, 3; cf.: adverso amne Babylona subituros, id. 10, 1, 16.

Of things: stamen a stando: subtemen, quod subit stamini, Varr. L. L. 5, § 113 Müll.: cum luna sub orbem solis subisset, Liv. 37, 4, 4: tertio die mixtum flumini subibat mare, Curt. 9, 9, 7: venae nonnumquam incipiente febre subeunt, the pulse sinks, Cels. 3, 6 med.: subeunt herbae, come up, spring up, Verg. G. 1, 180; so, barba, i. e. sprouts, grows, Mart. 7, 83, 2: subisse aquam in caelum, Plin. 31, 3, 21, § 32.

In partic., to come on secretly, to advance or approach stealthily, to steal upon, steal into (poet.), Prop. 1, 9, 26; Ov. Am. 1, 2, 6; id. A. A. 1, 742.

Trop. In gen., to come in, succeed, take place; to enter stealthily, come secretly or by degrees: in quarum locum subierunt inquilinae impietas, perfidia, impudentia, Varr. ap. Non. 403, 27: fugere pudor verumque fidesque: In quorum subiere locum fraudesque dolique, Ov. M. 1, 130: pulchra subit facies, id. ib. 14, 827: subit ecce priori Causa recens, id. ib. 3, 259: an subit (amor) et tacitā callidus arte nocet? id. Am. 1, 2, 6: subeunt morbi tristisque senectus, Verg. G. 3, 67: namque graves morbi subeunt segnisque senectus, Nemes. Cyn. 117; cf.: duo pariter subierunt incommoda, arise, come up, Quint. 5, 10, 100: ne subeant animo taedia justa tuo, Ov. P. 4, 15, 30: regio, quā vero ipsa subit ad Medos, approaches, Plin. 6, 26, 29, § 115.

In partic., to come into the mind, to occur, suggest itself: omnes sententiae verbaque omnia sub acumen stili subeant et succedant necesse est, Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 151: cum in loca aliqua post tempus reversi sumus, quae in his fecerimus, reminiscimur personaeque subeunt, Quint. 11, 2, 17: cum subeant audita aut cognita nobis, Ov. M. 15, 307: subit umbra, id. ib. 12, 591: subeunt illi fratresque parensque, id. ib. 11. 542: subiit cari genitoris imago ... subiit deserta Creusa Et direpta domus et parvi casus Iuli, Verg. A. 2, 560 sq.; Tac. A. 1, 13: subeant animo Latmia saxa tuo, Ov. H. 18, 62: ne subeant animo taedia, id. P. 4, 15, 30: quantum subire animo sustinueris, tantum tecum auferas, to grasp with the mind, Val. Max. 3, 3, ext. 7.

Subit, with subj.- or rel.-clause (poet. and in postAug. prose), Ov. M. 2, 755: quo magis ac magis admirari subit, Plin. 12, prooem. § 2; 35, 7, 31, § 49: misereri sortis humanae subit, id. 25, 3, 7, § 23: quid sim, quid fuerimque subit, Ov. Tr. 3, 8, 38. Act. Lit. In gen., to come or go under, to enter; to submit to; to approach, etc.: exercitatissimi in armis, qui inter annos XIV. tectum non subissent, had not come under a roof, Caes. B. G. 1, 36: tecta, Quint. 2, 16, 6; Ov. M. 6, 669: jam subeunt Triviae lucos atque aurea tecta, Verg. A. 6, 13: limina victor Alcides subiit, id. ib. 8, 363: domos, Ov. M. 1, 121: penates, id. ib. 5, 650: macra cavum repetes artum, quem macra subisti, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 33: cum novies subiere paludem, had plunged under, Ov. M. 15, 358; id. F. 1, 314: et juncti currum dominae subiere leones, Verg. A. 3, 313: leones jugum subeant, Plin. 10, 45, 62, § 128: asellus gravius dorso subiit onus, i. e. submits to, receives, Hor. S. 1, 9, 21: subire iniquissimum locum, Caes. B. G. 2, 27: iniquum locum, Auct. B. Alex. 76, 2; id. B. Hisp. 24, 3: collem, to go up, mount, climb, scale, Hirt. B. G. 8, 15: consules utrimque aciem subeuntium jam muros adgrediuntur, Liv. 7, 12, 3: muros, id. 27, 18: impositum saxis Anxur, Hor. S. 1, 5, 25: si subeuntur prospera castra, Juv. 16, 2 et saep.: perfurit, Fadumque Herbesumque subit, comes up to, attacks, assails, Verg. A. 9, 344; cf.: interim fallendus est judex et variis artibus subeundus, Quint. 4, 5, 5: precibus commota Tonantem Juno subit, approaches, Stat. Th. 9, 510: subit ille minantem, id. ib. 8, 84: Aeneae mucronem, Verg. A. 10, 798: qui procul hostium conspectu subibant aquam, Curt. 4, 13, 10: Hispo subit juvenes, i. e. paedicat, Juv. 2, 50.

Of things: umbra subit terras, Ov. M. 11, 61: quos (lucos) aquae subeunt et aurae, enter, Hor. C. 3, 4, 8: montes Trasimenus, Liv. 22, 4, 2: litora pelagus, Mel. praef. 2: mare quod Ciliciam subit, Curt. 7, 3, 19: radices (petrae) Indus amnis subit, id. 8, 11, 7: clarus subit Alba Latinum, succeeds, Ov. M. 14, 612 (al. clarus subit ecce Latinum Epytus); cf. id. ib. 1, 114: furcas subiere columnae, come into the place of, succeed, id. ib. 8, 700: aqua subit altitudinem exortus sui, rises to, reaches, Plin. 31, 6, 31, § 57: lunamque deficere cum aut terram subiret aut sole premeretur, Curt. 4, 10, 5.

In partic., to approach secretly, to steal upon or into (cf. supra, I. A. 2.): multi Nomine divorum thalamos subiere pudicos, Ov. M. 3, 282: subit furtim lumina fessa sopor, id. H. 19, 56.

Trop. In gen. (very rare): sera deinde poenitentia subiit regem, came upon, overtook, Curt. 3, 2, 19.

In partic. To come into, enter, occur to one's mind (cf. supra, I. B. 2.): deinde cogitatio animum subiit, indignum esse, etc., Liv. 36, 20: ut beneficiorum memoria subiret animos patrum, id. 37, 49, 3: spes animum subibat deflagrare iras vestras posse, id. 40, 8, 9: otiosum animum aliae cogitationes, Quint. 11, 2, 33: majora intellectu animos non subibunt, id. 1, 2, 28: mentem subit, quo praemia facto, etc., Ov. M. 12, 472; 7, 170: subit ergo regem verecundia, Curt. 5, 2, 15: me recordantem miseratio, Plin. Ep. 3, 7, 10: feminas voluptas, id. Pan. 22, 3: horum cogitatio subibat exercitum, Curt. 7, 1, 4.

To follow in speech, interrupt, answer (post - class. and rare): dicturum plura parentem Voce subis, Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 352: subit ille loquentem talibus, id. Cons. Mall. Theod. 173; id. Rapt. Pros. 3, 133.

(The figure taken from stooping under a load, under blows, etc.) To subject one's self to, take upon one's self an evil; to undergo, submit to, sustain, endure, suffer it (class.; a favorite expression of Cic.): omnes terrores periculaque omnia succurram atque subibo, Cic. Rosc. Am. 11, 31: omnia tela intenta in