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Lewis : thesaurus

thesaurus thēsaurus (old form thensaurus, Plaut. Trin. prol. p. ciii. Ritschl; cf. Marin. Fratr. Arv. p. 590; collat. form thensau-rum, n., Petr. 46, 8), i, m., = θησαυρός. Any thing laid or stored up, a hoard, treasure, provision, store. Lit.: TABVLARIVS THENSAVRORVM, Inscr. Orell. 3247: thensaurum effodere, Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 53; 4, 4, 8; id. Ps. 2, 2, 33; id. Aul. prol. 7: thesaurum defodere ... invenire, Cic. Div. 2, 65, 134: nec vero quemquam senem audivi oblitum, quo loco thesaurum obruisset, id. Sen. 7, 21: non exercitus neque thensauri praesidia regni sunt, verum amici, Sall. J. 10, 4: intactis opulentior Thesauris Arabum, Hor. C. 3, 24, 2.

Law t. t., treasure trove: thensaurus est vetus quaedam depositio pecuniae, cujus non exstat memoria, ut jam dominum non habeat, Dig. 41, 1, 31, § 1; 41, 2, 3, § 3; Cod. 10, 15, 1.

Trop. (very rare): thesaurus mali, a great quantity, Plaut. Merc. 1, 2, 54: stupri, id. Fragm. ap. Non. 456, 19; cf.: augent ex pauxillo; thensaurum inde pariunt, id. Most. 4, 1, 8: thesauros penitus abditae fraudis vultu laeto tegentes, App. M. 5, p. 165, 15.

Of persons, a treasure, loved one, a valued or dear object: Di. Quid, amator novos quispiam? Ast. Integrum et plenum adortust thensaurum, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 13; cf. id. ib. 2, 1, 34: eccum lenonem, incedit, thensaurum meum, id. Curc. 5, 2, 76; cf.: thensaurus copiarum, id. As. 3, 3, 67.

A place where any thing is stored up, a storehouse, treasure - chamber, treasure - vault, treasury (cf.: cella, armarium). Lit.: monedula condens semina in thesauros cavernarum, id. 17, 14, 22, § 99; cf. poet., of the cells of bees, Verg. G. 4, 229: admonent quidam, esse thesaurum publicum sub terrā saxo quadrato septum, Liv. 39, 50, 3: Proserpinae, id. 29, 8, 9; 29, 18, 4; 31, 12, 1; cf. poet. of the Lower World: postquam est Orcino traditus thesauro, Naev. ap. Gell. 1, 24, 2.

Esp., a strong-box, treasure-chest: cum thesaurum effregisset heres, Plin. 34, 7, 17, § 37: apertis thesauris suis, Vulg. Matt. 2, 11.

Trop., a repository, conservatory, magazine, collection, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 12: quid dicam de thesauro rerum omnium, memoria? Cic. de Or. 1, 5, 18; Quint. 11, 2, 1; cf.: thesauri argumentorum, Cic. Part. Or. 31, 109: suppeditat nobis Atticus noster de thesauris suis quos et quantos viros, id. Fin. 2, 21, 67: thesauros oportet esse non libros, Plin. praef. § 17; cf.: mihi quoties aliquid abditum quaero, ille thesaurus est, a literary storehouse, Plin. Ep. 1, 22, 2.

The title of a Greek play by Philemon, upon which Plautus founded the Trinummus, Plaut. Trin. prol. 18.