Close Window

Lewis : totus

totus, tōtus, a, um (gen. tōtīus, but scanned tōtĭus, Lucr. 1, 984; 3, 97; 3, 275; 3, 989; 4, 1028; 5, 477 al.; collat. form of the gen.: toti familiae, Afran. ap. Prisc. p. 694 P.; dat. toti; but masc.: toto exercitui, Caes. B. G. 7, 89: toto orbi, Prop. 3, 11 (4, 10), 57; fem.: totae familiae, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 103 Müll.: totae insulae, Nep. Tim. 3, 2; and: totae rei, Auct. Her. ap. Prisc. p. 678 P.), all, all the (denoting a thing in its entireness), the whole, entire, total. In gen.: ut unum opus, totum atque perfectum ex omnibus totis atque perfectis absolveret, Cic. Univ. 5 fin.: cui senatus totam rem publicam, omnem Italiae pubem, cuncta populi Romani arma commiserat, id. Mil. 23, 61: totum corpus rei publicae, id. Off. 1, 25, 85: omne caelum, totamque cum universo mari terram mente complexus, id. Fin. 2, 34, 112: ut totā mente atque omnibus artubus contremiscam, id. de Or. 1, 26, 121: universā re et totā sententiā dissidere, id. Fin. 4, 1, 2: aedes totae confulgebant, Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 44; cf. id. Most. 1, 2, 68: eant per totam caveam, id. ib. prol. 66: pervigilat noctes totas, id. Aul. 1, 1, 33: eāque totā nocte continenter ierunt, Caes. B. G. 1, 26: ut Romae per totam urbem vigiliae haberentur, Sall. C. 30, 7: cum tota se luna sub orbem solis subjecisset, Cic. Rep. 1, 16, 25; 1, 36, 57: et ipsa Peloponnesus fere tota in mari est, id. ib. 2, 4, 8.—In abl., without in: concursabat urbe totā maxima multitudo, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 35, § 93; so, urbe totā, id. Rosc. Am. 9, 23: totā Asiā, id. Phil. 11, 2, 6; id. Imp. Pomp. 3, 7: totā Siciliā, id. Verr. 2, 2, 49, § 120: totā Italiā, Caes. B. C. 1, 2: totā provinciā, id. ib. 2, 18: toto caelo, Cic. N. D. 2, 37, 95 al.; cf. Hand, Turs. III. p. 248 sq.; Haase ad Reisig, Vorles. p. 708; Zumpt, Gram. § 482.

Less freq. with in: totāque in Italiā, Cic. Div. 1, 35, 78: in Siciliā totā, id. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 1: in toto inperio, id. Lig. 3, 7: in toto orbe terrarum, id. Verr. 2, 4, 45, § 99: in totā vitā, id. Tusc. 4, 13, 29: in toto imperio tuo, id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 11, § 32: toto in orbe terrarum, Liv. 37, 10, 25: totā in civitate, id. 29, 14, 8.

Esp. in agreement with subj. where we use an adv. qualifying the verb, etc., altogether, wholly, entirely: tota sum misera in metu, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 59; cf.: Ctesipho in amore est totus, Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 50: nescio quid meditans nugarum, totus in illis, Hor. S. 1, 9, 2: totus et mente et animo in bellum insistit, applied himself wholly, Caes. B. G. 6, 5: qui esset totus ex fraude et mendacio factus, Cic. Clu. 26, 72: virtus in usu sui tota posita est, id. Rep. 1, 2, 2: sum totus vester, id. Fam. 15, 7; cf. id. Q. Fr. 2, 1, 3: Catoni studio meo me totum ab adulescentiā dedidi, id. Rep. 2, 1, 1; cf.: homines qui se totos tradiderunt voluptatibus, id. Lael. 23, 86; id. Att. 14, 11, 2: falsum est id totum, id. Rep. 2, 15, 28.

Neutr. absol. Subst., all, the whole, opp. dimidium, Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 33; Sen. Apocol. 8; opp. pars, Macr. Somn. Scip. 2, 14, 21: totum in eo est, tectorium ut concinnum sit, all depends on this, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 1, § 1: totum in eo sit, ne contractentur pocula, Col 12, 4, 3.

Adverb. phrases with a prep. Ex toto, wholly, completely, entirely, altogether, totally (post-Aug.): creta ex toto repudianda est, Col. 5, 8, 6; 5, 6, 17; 2, 20, 2; Curt. 8, 6, 23; Sen. Ira, 1, 12, 6; 2, 6, 3; 3, 12, 4; 3, 42, 1; id. Ep. 75, 11; Plin. 11, 17, 17, § 54; Cels. 1, 4 fin.; 3, 14 init.; 8, 20 med.; 7, 4, 3 and 9; 7, 10 fin.; 8, 2; Ov. P. 4, 8, 72; Sen. Contr. 1, 8, 8; 3, 16, 24.—* In toto, upon the whole, in general, generally, Cic. Att. 13, 20, 4.

In totum (post-Aug.). Wholly, entirely, altogether, totally: res in totum diversa, Plin. 31, 7, 42, § 90; id. praef. § 26; 2, 90, 92, § 205; 10, 4, 5, § 16; 25, 4, 17, § 36; 35, 2, 2, § 4; Quint. 3, 9, 58; 4, 1, 63; 4, 1, 72; 7, 1, 31; Col. 1, 7, 2; 2, 1, 2; Sen. Ira, 1, 17, 7; id. Ep. 72, 6; id. Q. N. 2, 27, 3; Just. 32, 1, 9.

Upon the whole, in general: in totum praecipimus: ut, etc., Col. 11, 2, 80; 3, 2, 31.