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Lewis : virgo

virgo, virgo, ĭnis, f. root varg-; Sanscr. ūrg, strength, ūrga-jami, nourish; Gr. ὀργάω, to swell, ὀργή, impulse, a maid, maiden, virgin (cf. puella). Lit. In gen.: cum Sabinas honesto ortas loco virgines rapi jussit, Cic. Rep. 2, 7, 12: (oratio philosophorum) casta, verecunda, virgo incorrupta, id. Or. 19, 64: bellica, i. e. Pallas, Ov. M. 4, 754; Sil. 7, 459: Saturnia, i. e. Vesta, Ov. F. 6, 383: Vestalis, Cic. Rep. 2, 14, 26; 3, 10, 17.—In apposition: virgo filia, Cic. Rep. 2, 37, 63: dea, the virgin goddess, i. e. Diana, Ov. M. 12, 28; Mart. 10, 92, 8.—Transf., of female animals that have not coupled, Plin. 28, 9, 41, § 147: lea, Stat. Th. 12, 357: porca, Mart. 13, 56, 1.—Adject.: carnes, Plin. 28, 4, 10, § 43; cf. equa, Pall. 1, 35 fin.: buculae, Arn. 7, 224.

In partic., of particular virgins.—Of a Vestal: qui esset decimus annus post Virginum absolutionem, Cic. Cat. 3, 4, 9; Hor. C. 3, 30, 9: virgines sanctae, the Vestals, id. ib. 1, 2, 27.

Of Diana, Hor. C. 1, 12, 22; 3, 22, 1.—Of the Danaides, Hor. C. 3, 11, 26.—Of Astrœa, Verg. E. 4, 6.

Transf. In gen., of young females, a young woman, girl, Ov. H. 6, 133; Sil. 3, 435; Just. 1, 3, 2; Curt. 5, 1, 38; Verg. E. 6, 47; 6, 52; Hor. C. 2, 8, 23; 3, 14, 9.

In the eccl. fathers, of males, Tert. Virg. Vel. 8; Hier. adv. Jovin. 1, 4; id. Ep. 22, 21; Paul. Nol. Carm. 22, 2.

The constellation Virgo in the zodiac, Cic. poët. N. D. 2, 42, 110; Hyg. Astr. 2, 25; 3, 24.

Aqua Virgo, or simply Virgo, a stream of cold water brought to Rome in an aqueduct constructed by M. Agrippa (so called because a young girl discovered its source), now Fontana Trevi, Front. Aquaed. 10; Plin. 31, 3, 25, § 42; Sen. Ep. 83, 5; Cassiod. Var. 7, 6; Ov. A. A. 3, 385; id. Tr. 3, 12, 22; Mart. 6, 42, 18; 11, 47, 6; 14, 163, 2 al.; cf. Becker, Antiq. 1, p. 703 sq.

Of things; as an adjectival appellative for unwedded, pure, unused (mostly post-class.): senecta, i. e. unmarried, Tert. adv. Valent. 5: saliva, fasting, id. Jejun. 6: terra, untilled, Plin. 33, 3, 15, § 52: charta, i. e. that has not been read or published, Mart. 1, 67, 7: EMIT ET COMPARAVIT LOCVM VIRGINEM, vacant, Inscr. Orell. 4566.