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Lewis : cedo

cedo, cēdo, cessi, cessum, 3, v. n. and a. [perh. for cecado, redupl. from cado], to go, i. e. to be in motion, move, walk, go along. In gen. Lit. (rare, and only poet.: for which, in the common lang., incedo); candidatus cedit hic mastigia, Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 10: non prorsus, verum transvorsus cedit, quasi cancer, id. Ps. 4, 1, 45; cf. id. ib. 1, 3, 74; Hor. S. 2, 1, 65.—More freq., Trop. Like ire, to have some result, to eventuate, happen, result, turn out, to work; and, acc. to its connection, to turn out well or ill, to succeed or fail: gesta quae prospere ei cesserunt, Nep. Timoth. 4, 6; Sall. C. 26, 5; Tac. A. 1, 28: cetera secundum eventum proelii cessura, id. H. 3, 70; Suet. Aug. 91; Gell. 4, 5, 4: bene, Hor. S. 2, 1, 31; Ov. M. 8, 862; Plin. Pan. 44 fin.: optime, Quint. 10, 7, 14: male, Hor. S. 2, 1, 31; and: male alicui, Ov. M. 10, 80; Suet. Claud. 26; cf. Verg. A. 12, 148; Quint. 10, 2, 16: utcumque cesserit, Curt. 7, 4, 16; cf. Suet. Calig. 53; Tac. Agr. 18: parum, Suet. Claud. 34: opinione tardius, id. Ner. 33: pro bono, id. Tit. 7: in vanum (labor), Sen. Hippol. 183.

Cedere pro aliquā re, to be equivalent to, to go for something, to be the price of: oves, quae non peperint, binae pro singulis in fructu cedent, Cato, R. R. 150, 2; Col. 12, 14; Tac. G. 14; Pall. Sept. 1, 4.

In partic. In respect to the terminus a quo. To go from somewhere, to remove, withdraw, go away from, depart, retire (freq. and class.): cedunt de caelo corpora avium, Enn. Ann. 96 Vahl.: quia postremus cedis, Plaut. Men. 5, 7, 29: ego cedam atque abibo, Cic. Mil. 34, 93: cedens carinā, Cat. 64, 249; cf. id. 64, 53: quoquam, Lucr. 5, 843: aliquo sucus de corpore cessit, id. 3, 223: coma de vertice, Cat. 66, 39: e toto corpore anima, Lucr. 3, 210: ex ingratā civitate, Cic. Mil. 30, 81: e patriā, id. Phil. 10, 4, 8: patriā, id. Mil. 25, 68: Italiā, id. Phil. 10, 4, 8; Nep. Att. 9, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85 fin.Milit. t. t.: de oppidis, to abandon, go away from, Cic. Att. 7, 22, 2: loco, to yield, give up his post, Nep. Chabr. 1, 2; Liv. 2, 47, 3; Tac. G. 6; Suet. Aug. 24 et saep.: ex loco, Liv. 3, 63, 1: ex acie, id. 2, 47, 2.

In commercial lang. t. t.: foro, to withdraw from the market, i. e. to give up business, be insolvent, stop payment, Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Sen. Ben. 4, 39, 2; Juv. 11, 50.—So also, Bonis or possessionibus (alicui), to give up or cede one's property or interest (in favor of a person): alicui hortorum possessione, Cic. Mil. 27, 75; so id. Off. 2, 23, 82; cf. Suet. Tib. 10; id. Caes. 72; id. Ner. 35; id. Gram. 11.

Hence of debtors, to make over their property instead of payment; cf. Dig. 42, 3, tit. de cessione bonorum.

Pregn. (cf. abeo, II.), to pass away, disappear; and specif., Of men, to die: vitā, Cic. Tusc. 1, 15, 35; Hor. S. 1, 1, 119: e vita, Cic. Brut. 1, 4; Plin. Pan. 43, 4; cf. senatu, to withdraw from, Tac. A. 2, 48; 11, 25.

Of time, to pass away, vanish: horae quidem cedunt et dies et menses et anni, Cic. Sen. 19, 69.

Of other things: pudor ex pectore cessit, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 250, 26: memoriā, Liv. 2, 33, 9 (for which: excedere memoriā, Liv. 7, 32, 15; and: excedere e memoriā, id. 26, 13, 5): non Turno fiducia cessit, Verg. A. 9, 126: cedant curaeque metusque, Stat. S. 1, 2, 26 et saep.; cf. cesso.

Trop.: cedere alicui or absol., to yield to one (to his superiority), to give the preference or precedence, give place to, submit to (class.; esp. freq. in the histt., of the weaker party, withdrawing, fleeing from). To yield to, give place to: quācumque movemur, (aër) videtur quasi locum dare et cedere, Cic. N. D. 2, 33, 83: cedebat victa potestas, Lucr. 5, 1271: ubi vinci necesse est, expedit cedere, Quint. 6, 4, 16; 11, 1, 17; 12, 10, 47; cf. Sall. J. 51, 1: Viriatho exercitus nostri imperatoresque cesserunt, Cic. Off. 2, 11, 40; Nep. Ham. 1, 2; Sall. J. 51, 4; Liv. 2, 10, 7; Tac. A. 1, 56; 4, 51; Suet. Tib. 16 et saep.: Pelides cedere nescius, Hor. C. 1, 6, 6: di, quibus ensis et ignis Cesserunt, i. e. who remained unhurt in the destruction of Troy, Ov. M. 15, 862: eidem tempori, ejusdem furori, eisdem consulibus, eisdem minis, insidiis, periculis, Cic. Sest. 29, 63; so, fortunae, Sall. C. 34, 2: invidiae ingratorum civium, Nep. Cim. 3, 2: majorum natu auctoritati, id. Timoth. 3, 4: nocti, Liv. 3, 17, 9, and 3, 60, 7; 4, 55, 5; cf. Quint. 5, 11, 9: loco iniquo, non hosti cessum, Liv. 8, 38, 9: oneri, Quint. 10, 1, 24: vincentibus vitiis, id. 8, 3, 45: malis, Verg. A. 6, 95 et saep.

To yield to in rank, distinction, etc., i. e. to be inferior to: cum tibi aetas nostra jam cederet, fascesque summitteret, Cic. Brut. 6, 22: nullā aliā re nisi immortalitate cedens caelestibus, id. N. D. 2, 61, 153: neque multum cedebant virtute nostris, Caes. B. G. 2, 6; Quint. 1, 6, 36: Picenis cedunt pomis Tiburtia suco; Nam facie praestant, Hor. S. 2, 4, 70; so, anseribus (candore), Ov. M. 2, 539: laudibus lanificae artis, id. ib. 6, 6; 5, 529: cum in re nullā Agesilao cederet, Nep. Chabr. 2, 3; Quint. 10, 1, 108: alicui de aliquā re, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 80: alicui re per aliquid, id. 33, 3, 19, § 59.—Impers.: ut non multum Graecis cederetur, Cic. Tusc. 1, 3, 5; Liv. 24, 6, 8.

To comply with the wishes, to yield to one: cessit auctoritati amplissimi viri vel potius paruit, Cic. Lig. 7, 21; cf. Tac. A. 12, 5: precibus, Cic. Planc. 4, 9: cessit tibi blandienti Cerberus, Hor. C. 3, 11, 15; cf, id. Ep. 1, 18, 43 sq.; Verg. A. 2, 704; 3, 188; Ov. M. 6, 32; 6, 151; 9, 13; 9, 16: omnes in unum cedebant, Tac. A. 6, 43; 3, 16; cf. id. ib. 12, 10 and 41.—Hence, Act.: cedere (alicui) aliquid = concedere, to grant, concede, allow, give up, yield, permit something to some one: permitto aliquid iracundiae tuae, do adulescentiae, cedo amicitiae, tribuo parenti, Cic. Sull. 16, 46: multa multis de jure suo, id. Off. 2, 18, 64: currum ei, Liv. 45, 39, 2: victoriam hosti, Just. 32, 4, 7: alicui pellicem et regnum, id. 10, 2, 3: imperium, id. 22, 7, 4: possessionem, Dig. 41, 2, 1: in dando et cedendo loco, Cic. Brut. 84, 290.—Also with a clause as object, Stat. Th. 1, 704 (but in Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 67, read credit).—And with ut and subj.: hac victoriā contenta plebes cessit patribus, ut in praesentiā tribuni crearentur, etc., Liv. 6, 42, 3; Tac. A. 12, 41: non cedere with quominus, Quint. 5, 7, 2.

In respect to the terminus ad quem, to arrive, attain to, come somewhere: cedunt, petunt, Plaut. Aul. 3, 5, 43: ibi ad postremum cedit miles, aes petit, id. ib. 3, 5, 52.

Trop.: hoc cedere ad factum volo, come to its execution, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 102.

Cedere alicui or in aliquem, to come to, fall (as a possession) to one, to fall to his lot or share, accrue: ut is quaestus huic cederet, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 70, § 170: captiva corpora Romanis cessere, Liv. 31, 46, 16: nolle ominari quae captae urbi cessura forent, id. 23, 43, 14; Verg. A. 3, 297; 3, 333; 12, 17; 12, 183; Hor. C. 3, 20, 7; Ov. M. 5, 368; 4, 533: undae cesserunt piscibus habitandae, id. ib. 1, 74 al.: alicui in usum, Hor. S. 2, 2, 134: Lepidi atque Antonii arma in Augustum cessere, Tac. A. 1, 1; so id. H. 3, 83; id. Agr. 5; id. A. 2, 23: aurum ex hostibus captum in paucorum praedam cessisse, Liv. 6, 14, 12; Curt. 7, 6, 16; Tac. A. 15, 45; for which: cedere praedae (dat.) alicujus, Liv. 43, 19, 12; and: praeda cedit alicui, Hor. C. 3,