Close Window

Lewis : adiutor

adiutor,² adjūtor, ōris, m. adjuvo, one who helps, a helper, assistant, aider, promoter (class. through all periods). In gen.: hic adjutor meus et monitor et praemonstrator, Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 2: ejus iracundiae, id. Ad. 1, 1, 66: ad hanc rem adjutorem dari, id. Phorm. 3, 3, 26: adjutores ad me restituendum multi fuerunt, Cic. Quint. 9: in psaltria hac emunda, Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 9: honoris, Cic. Fl. 1: ad praedam, id. Rose. Am. 2, 6; so id. de Or. 1, 59; id. Tusc. 1, 12: tibi venit adjutor, id. N. D. 1, 7: L. ille Torquatus auctor exstitit, id. Sull. 34; id. Off. 2, 15; 3, 33; id. Fin. 5, 30; id. Att. 8, 3; 9, 12; Caes. B. C. 1, 7; Sall. J. 82; Liv. 29, 1, 18: nolite dubitare libertatem consule adjutore defendere, with the aid of the consul, Cic. Leg. Agr. 16; and so often, id. Verr. 1, 155; id. Font. 44; id. Clu. 36; id. Mur. 84.

Esp., a common name of a military or civil officer, an aid, adjutant, assistant, deputy, secretary, etc.: comites et adjutores negotiorum publicorum, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 3: dato adjutore Pharnabazo, Nep. Con. 4; so id. Chabr. 2; Liv. 33, 43; Suet. Aug. 39; id. Tib. 63; id. Calig. 26: rhetorum (i. e. hypodidascali), Quint. 2, 5, 3; Gell. 13, 9; and in the inscriptions in Orell. 3462, 3200 al.; under the emperors an officer of court, minister (v. Vell. 2, 127; cf. Suet. Calig. 26); usu. with ab and the word indicative of the office (v. ab fin.): adjutor a rationibus, Orell. Inscr. 32: a sacris, ib. 2847: a commentariis ornamentorum, ib. 2892.

Also with gen.: adjutor cornicularii, ib. 3517: haruspicum imperatoris, ib. 3420 al. —In scenic language, adjutor is the one who, by his part, sustains or assists the hero of the piece ( πρωταγωνιστής ), to which the class. passage, Cic. Div. in Caecil. 15, refers; cf. Heind. ad Hor. S. 1, 9, 46: in scena postquam solus constitit sine apparatu, nullis adjutoribus, with no subordinate actors, Phaedr. 5, 5, 14; Suet. Gramm. 18; Val. Max. 2, 4, no. 4.